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stanza

a group of two or more lines that form a unit in a poem

Sound devices

ways of using words for the sound qualities they create

rhyme

the repetition of sounds at the ends of words

rhythm

the beat you hear as you read a poem aloud

repetition

the use of a word, phrase, sound, or line more than once

alliteration

the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words

figurative language

the use of creative comparisons to describe familiar things in new ways

simile

a comparison between two unlike things that includes the word like or as

personification

a description of an object, an animal, or an idea as if it were human

metaphor

a comparison between two unlike things that does not include the word like or as

onomatopoeia

the use of words whose sounds echo their meanings, such as buzz

Imagery

Words or phrases that appeal to the 5 senses

Haiku

A form of Japanese poetry in which 17 syllables are arranged in three lines of 5,7,and 5 syllables.

Couplet

A rhymed pair of lines

Rhyme Scheme

Pattern of end rhymes in a poem

Idiom

An expression that has a meaning different from the meaning of its individual words.

tone

The attitude the writer has towards his work

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