Islam and African Empires

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28 terms

Sharia

body of Islamic law that includes interpretation of the Quran and applies Islamic principles to everyday life

Medina

the second holiest city; where Muhammad lived after fleeing Mecca

Muhammad

Founder of Islam, considered the greatest prophet in Islam

Minaret

the tower attached to a mosque from which calls to prayer are made five times a day

Sultan

military and political leader with absolute authority over a Muslim country

Hajj

a pilgrimage to Mecca, performed as a duty by Muslims

Mosque

A Muslim house of worship

Kaaba

a black stone building in Mecca that is shaped like a cube and that is the most sacred Muslim pilgrim shrine

Sunni

a follower of the majority branch of Islam, which feels that successors to Muhammad are to be chosen by the Muslim community

Allah

Arabic word for god

Hijra

the flight of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina to escape persecution a.d. 622: regarded as the beginning of the Muslim Era.

Caliph

successor to Muhammad as political and religious leader of the Muslims

Oasis

a spot of fertile land in a desert, fed by water from wells or underground springs

Dervish

Muslims that have taken a vow of poverty, and work to support the communities in which they live.

Shiite

a member of one of the two major Muslim sects; believe that the descendents of Muhammad's daughter and son-in-law, Ali, are the true Muslim leaders

Mecca

City in western Arabia; birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad, and ritual center of the Islamic religion.

Abu Bakr

The first caliph after death of Muhammad

Koran

The sacred book of Islam, containing the religious and moral code

Arabia

A peninsula between the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf where Islam origniated and the Muslim empires had their beginnings.

Five Pillars of Islam

the basic duties of Islam, including belief in Allah and Muhammad the prophet, prayer, charity or almsgiving, fasting, and pilgrimage to Mecca

Moor

Muslim people of north Africa

Jihad

A holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal

Fatwa

religious ruling by a muslim cleric, binding as a legal decision

Bazaar

An area in a city that merchants bring goods to sell.

Hijab

a headscarf worn by Muslim women

Caravan

a group of traders traveling together

Sufis

Mystics within Islam; responsible for expansion of Islam to southeastern Asia

Bedouin

Nomads of the Arabian Peninsula with a culture based on herding camels and goats.

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