A rule or regulation issued by the President of the United States that becomes law without the prior approval of Congress
Checks and balances
The system established by the U.S. Constitution that keeps any one branch of government from assuming too much power over the other branches.
Law that derived from federal and state constitutions.
law established through common law and legal precedent.
The body of unwritten law developed in England, primarily from judicial decisions based on custom and tradition.
Decisions made by judges in various courts that become rule of law and apply to future cases, even through they were not enacted by legislation.
Law passed by the U.S. Congress or state legislatures.
Enabling statutes enacted to define powers and procedures when an agency is created.
The statutory or written law that defines and regulates legal rights and obligations.
Law that defines the rules used to enforce substantive law.
Law that involves crimes against the state.
An offense punishable by death or by imprisonment in a state or federal prison for more than one year.
A crime punishable by fine or by imprisonment in a facility other than a prison for less than one year.
The government as plaintiff in a criminal case.
The person or party against whom charges are brought in a criminal or civil lawsuit.
A civil wrong committed against a person or property, excluding breach of contract.
The person guilty of committing a tort
An unintentional tort alleged when one may have performed or failed to perform an act that a reasonable person would or would not have done in similar circumstances.
The power and authority given to a court to hear a case and to make a judgment.