Chapter 6 - Hard Drives

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When using an 80-conductor cable-select cable, the drive nearest the motherboard is the _____.

Master

_____ on a circuit board inside the drive housing is responsible for writing and reading data to these tracks and sectors and for keeping track of where everything is stored on the drive.

Firmware

The top and bottom of each disk of a magnetic hard drive have a(n) _____ that moves across the disk surface as all the disks rotate on a spindle.

Read/write Head

A _____ drive has one, two, or more platters, or disks, that stack together and spin in unison inside a sealed metal housing that contains firmware to control reading and writing data to the drive and to communicate with the motherboard.

Magnetic Hard

The ATA interface standards are developed by Technical Committee T13 and published by _____.

ANSI

During the _____ formatting process, you specify the size of the partition and what file system it will use.

High-level

Each side, or surface, of one hard drive platter is called a _____.

Head

_____ transfers data directly from the drive to memory without involving the CPU.

DMA

A technology that configures two or more hard drives to wrok together as an array of drives is called _____.

RAID

______ mode involves the CPU and is slower than DMA mode.

PIO

Windows Vista technology that supports a hybrid drive is called ______.

ReadyDrive

External _____ is up to six times faster than USB or FireWire.

SATA

The ___-conductor IDE cable has half the number of pins as it has wires.

80

The total number of _____ on the drive detemines the drive capacity.

Sectors

The first sector on the disk, called the boot sector or ____ record, contains the information about how the disk is organized and the file system used.

Boot

If you are mounting a hard drive into a bay that is too large, a _____ kit can help you securely fit the drive into the bay.

Universal Bay

_____ is a system BIOS feature that monitors hard drive performance, disk spin up time, temperature, distance between the head and the disk, and other mechanical activities of the drive in order to predict when the drive is likely to fail.

S.M.A.R.T.

A drive ____ is a duplication of everything written to a hard drive.

Image

_____ is a standard for communication between a subsystem of peripheral devices and the system bus.

SCSI

With ____, two hard drives are configured as a single volume.

Spanning

With _____, you can connect and disconnect a drive while the system is running.

Hot-swapping

A computer's ability to respond to a fault or catastrophe, such as a hardware failure or power outage, so taht data is not lost is known as _______.

Fault Tolerance

Each FAT entry lists how each ______ (or file allocation unit) on the disk is currently used.

Cluster

An extended partition can be divided into 1 or more _____ drives.

Logical

Track and sector markings are written to a hard drive before it leaves the factory in a process called _____ formatting.

Low-Level

To reduce the amount of electrical "noise", or interference, on a SCSI cable, each end of the SCSI chain has a(n) _____ resistor.

Terminating

Using both solid state and magnetic technologies

Hybrid Hard Drives

Moves the read/write heads across the disk surfaces in unison

Actuator

The overall structure an OS uses to name, store, and organize files on a drive

File System

A table on a hard drive or floppy disk that tracks how space on a disk is used to store files

FAT

The smallest unit of space on a disk for storing a file and is made up of one or more sectors

Cluster

A single hard drive that works independently of other hard drives

Basic Disk

Has no moving parts

Solid State Drive

Designed to provide greater security and to support more storage capacity than the older file system

NTFS

Speeds up access time by allowing blocks of data to be read from the drive at one time

Block Mode

T/F

If you are replacing a floppy drive, you must inform BIOS setup by accessing setup and changing the drive type.

False

T/F

Almost all hard drives sold today for desktop computers are magnetic hard drives.

True

T/F

Solid state hard drives cost more and are less rugged than magnetic hard drives.

False

T/F

Hardware problems usually show up at POST, unless there is physical damage to an area of the hard drive that is not accessed during POST.

True

T/F

A hard disk drive (HDD), most often called a hard drive, comes in two sizes for personal computers: the 1.8" size is used for laptop computers and the 2.5" size is used for desktops.

False

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