Chapter 36

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World War 2 began with?

Japanese attacks on China

The height of Japanese atrocity in China was reached at the Rape of?

Nanjing

The Guomindang, during World War 2, was?

the resistance government of the Chinese versus Japan's invasion of China

The Tripartite Pact brought together?

Germany, Italy, and Japan

The Italian fascists used which was as an excuse to intervene and gain valuable military experience?

Spanish Civil War

The weakness of the League of Nations was revealed in its inability to take any substantial action in response to the Italian invasion of?

Ethiopia

Adolf Hitler always spoke of the "November crime" which was the?

Signing of the 1918 armistice

In 1938, Germany sent troops into what country and forced its leaders to accept the Anschluss?

Austria

The high point of appeasement was?

The Munich Conference

In the wake of the Munich Conference, what leader proposed that the meeting had ensured "peace in our time"?

Neville Chamberlain

While the Russian-German Treaty of Nonagression was on the surface a nonaggression treaty, it had secret stipulations that spelled out?

The Division of eastern Europe

The European part of World War 2 began with the?

German Invasion of Poland

The German Blitzkrieg referred to?

A lightning war

After the fall of France in 1940, the only country left to fight Germany was?

Britain

In the Battle of Britain, the Germans hoped to defeat the English?

Almost solely through air attacks led by the Luftwaffe

Operation Barbarossa was the?

German plan for an invasion of the Soviet Union

Hitler's comment "You only have to kick in the door, and the whole rotten structure will come down" was a referance to which of the following powers?

The Soviet Union

By December 1914, the Soviets gained two new allies in their struggle to defeat the German invasion of their country; a sever winter and?

the United States

the Japanese goal in the bombing of Pearl Harbor was to?

Weaken the United States' Naval capacity

"Asia for Asians" was the slogan of the?

Japanese

The Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere was designed by?

Japan

The key to the Allied victories in Europe and Asia was?

Industrial capacity

The Normandy invasion?

Led to the end of German resistance in western Europe

The U.S. victory in the Pacific that turned the tide against the Japanese was?

Midway

The U.S. secret weapon in the pacific campaign was?

A code-breaking operation known as magic

In the Battle of Okinawa, the Japanese introduced?

Kamikaze pilots

During the battle of Okinawa?

Roughly 110,000 Okinawan civilians died refusing to surrender

The Japanese finally surrendered in August 1945?

After the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

At the Wannsee Conference?

The Nazis put in place the "Final Solution"

The largest of the Nazi death camps was?

Auschwitz

"Comfort women" were?

Korean and Chinese women forced into prostitution by the Japanese

The mojority of the "comfort women" in World War 2 were from China and?

Korea

Japan, Germany, and Italy- known as the Axis powers- squared off against the Allied powers of France, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, China, and the United States.

True

In 1933, Japan withdrew from the League of Nations after it condemned Japan for its conquest of Manchuria.

False

Benito Mussolini promised to bring glory to Italy through acquisition of territories; Ethiopia, Libya, Albania were acquired through conquest and annexation.

True

In March 1938, Hitler forced Anschluss with Austria, justifying the annexation as an attempt to reintegrate all Germans into a single homeland.

True

On 1 September 1939, the German military invaded Poland; the world was stunned with the German Blitzkrieg and sudden victory.

True

On 7 December 1941, Japanese pilots attacked Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, with the hope of destroying American naval capacity in the Pacific, which would clear the way for conquest of southeast Asia for Japan.

True

German and Japanese war production matched that of the Allied powers during World War 2.

False

With the Soviets attacking from the east and with U.S. and British forces attacking Germany from the west, the Allies forced a conditional surrender of Germany on 8 May 1945.

False

The combination of the Soviet Union declaring war on Japan in August 1945 and the devastation caused by nuclear bombs persuaded Emperor Hirohito to surrender unconditionally on 15 September 1945.

False

Sometime during 1941, the Nazi leadership committed to the "final solution" of the Jewish question, a solution that entailed the attempted murder of ever Jew living in Europe.

True

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