an area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government that has control over its internal and foreign affairs
independence from control of its internal affairs by other states
states with small land area
sovereign state comprising of a town and a surrounding countryside
territory legally tied to a sovereign state
effort by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic and cultural principles on such territory
control of a territory already occupied
the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly
an otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension
states with a long, narrow shape
includes several discontinuous pieces of territory
a state that completely surrounds another
lacks a direct outlet to the sea because it is completely surrounded by several other countries
a zone where no state exercises complete political control
places most power in the hands of central government officials
allocates strong power to units of local government within the country
the process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power
balance of power
a condition of roughly equal strength between opposing alliances
invisible line that marks the extent of a state's territory
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again
Reload the page to try again!
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.