AP Human Geography chapter 8 vocab

19 terms by michellelaura_x

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state

an area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government that has control over its internal and foreign affairs

sovereignty

independence from control of its internal affairs by other states

microstates

states with small land area

city-state

sovereign state comprising of a town and a surrounding countryside

colony

territory legally tied to a sovereign state

colonialism

effort by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic and cultural principles on such territory

imperialism

control of a territory already occupied

compact state

the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly

prorupted state

an otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension

elongated state

states with a long, narrow shape

fragmented state

includes several discontinuous pieces of territory

perforated state

a state that completely surrounds another

landlocked state

lacks a direct outlet to the sea because it is completely surrounded by several other countries

frontier

a zone where no state exercises complete political control

unitary state

places most power in the hands of central government officials

federal state

allocates strong power to units of local government within the country

Gerrymandering

the process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power

balance of power

a condition of roughly equal strength between opposing alliances

boundary

invisible line that marks the extent of a state's territory

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