Barron's guide Chp.1

Created by 29182402 

Upgrade to
remove ads

Anthropogenic

Human-induced changes on the natural environment.

Cartography

Theory and practice of making visual representations of the earth's surface in the form of maps.

Cultural Ecology

The Study of the interactions between societies adn the natural environment they live in.

Cultural Lanscape

The human-modified natural landscape specifically containing the imprint of a particular culture or society.

Earth System Science

Systematic approach to physical geography that looks at the interaction between the earth's physical systems and processes on a global scale.

Environmental geography

The intersection between human and physical geography, which explores the spatial impacts humans have on the physical environment and vice versa.

Eratosthenes

The head librarian at Alexandria during the third century B.C; he was one of the first cartographers. Performed a remarkably accurate computation of the earth's circumference. He is also credited with coining the term ''geograhpy.''

Fertile Crescent

Name given to crescent-shaped area of fertile land streching from the lower Nile valley, along the east Mediterranean coast, and into Syria and present-day Iraq where agriculture and early civilization first began about 8000 B.C.

Geographical Information Systems (GIS)

A set of computer tools used to capture, store, transform, analyze, and display geographic data.

Global Positioning System

A set of satellites used to help determine location anywhere on the Earth's surface with a portable electronic device.

Idiographic

Pertaining to the unique facts or characteristics of a particular place.

George Perkins Marsh

Inventor, diplomat, politician, and scholar, his classic work,' Man and Nature,' or 'Physical Geography as Modified by Human Action,' provided the first description of the extent to which natural systems had been impacted by human actions.

Natural Lanscape

The physical landscape or environment that has not been affected by human activities.

Nomothetic

Concepts or rules that can be applied universally.

W.D Pattison

He claimed that geography drew from four distinct traditions: the earth-science tradition, the culture-environment tradition, the locational tradition, and the area-analysis tradition.

Physical geography

The realm of geography that studies the structures, processes, distributions, and change through time of the natural phenomena of the earth's surface.

Ptolemy

Roman geographer-astronomer and author of ''Guide to Geography'' which included maps containing a grid system of latitude and longitude.

Qualitative Data

Data associated with a more humanistic approach to geography, often collected through interviews, empirical observations, or the interpretation of texts, artwork, old maps, and other archives.

Quantitative Data

Data associated with mathematical models and statistical techniques used to analyze spatial location and association.

Quantitative revolution

A period in human geography associatedc with the widespread adoption of mathematical models and statistical techniques.

Region

A territory that encompasses many places that share similar attributes (may be physical, cultural, or both) in comparison with the attributes of place elsewhere.

Regional geography

The study of geographic regions.

Remote Sensing

Observation and mathematical measurement of the earth's surface using aircraft and satellites. The sensors include both photographic images, thermal images, multispectral scanners, and radar images.

Carl Sauer

Geographer from the universtiy of california at Berkeley who defined the concept of cultural landscape as the fundamental unit of geographical ananlysis.This Lanscape results from interaction between humans and the physical environment. Sauer argued that virtually no lanscape has escaped alteration by human activites.

Sense of Place

Feeling evoked by people as a result of certain experiences and memories associated with a particular place.

Spatial Perspective

An intellectual framework that looks at the particular locations of specific phenomena, how and why that phenomena is where it is, and, finally, how it is spatially related to phenomena in other places.

Sustainability

The concept of using the earth's resources in such a way that they provide for people's needs in the present without diminishing the earth's ability to provide for the future generations.

Systematic Geography

The study of the earth's integrated systems as a whole, instead of focusing on particular phenomena in a single place.

Thematic layers

Individual maps of specific features that are overlaid on one another in a Geographical Information System to understand and analyze a spatial relationship.

Vernacular Regions

Also called a Perceptual region.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set