AP Human Geography chapter 1 vocab

58 terms by michellelaura_x

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

map

a two-dimensional or flat scale model of Earth's surface, or a portion of it

place

a specific point of Earth distinguished by a particular character

region

an area of Earth distinguished by a distinctive combination of cultural and physical features

scale

the relationship between the portion of Earth being studied and Earth as a whole

space

refers to the physical gap or interval between two objects

connections

relationships among people and objects across the barrier of space

cartography

the science of map-making

projection

the scientific method of transferring locations on Earth's surface to a flat map

Land Ordinance of 1785

a law that divided much of the United States into a system of townships to facilitate the sale of land to settlers

township

a square 6 miles on each side

principal meridians

some of the north-south lines separating townships

base lines

some east-west lines

section

a square normally 1 mile on a side

GIS (geographic information system)

a computer system that can capture, store, query, analyze and display geographic data

remote sensing

the acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting Earth or from other long-distance methods

GPS (global positioning system)

a system that determines accurately the precise position of something on Earth

location

the position that something occupies on Earth's surface

toponym

the name given to a place on Earth

site

the physical character of a place

situation

the location of a place relative to other places

meridian

an arc drawn between the North and South poles

parallel

a circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and at right angles to the meridians

longitude

the numbering system used to indicate the location of meridians drawn on a globe and measuring distance east and west of the prime meridian

prime meridian

the meridian that passes through the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England, is 0 degrees longitude

latitude

the numbering system to indicate the location of a parallel

Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)

the time in that time zone encompassing the prime meridian, or 0 degrees longitude

International Date Line

an arc that for the most part follows 180 degrees longitude, although it deviates in several places to avoid dividing land areas

cultural landscape

a combination of cultural features, economic features, and physical features

regional studies

contemporary cultural landscape approach in geography

formal region

an area within which everyone shares in common one or more distinctive characteristics

functional region

an area organized around a node or focal point

vernacular region

a place that people believe exists as a part of their cultural identity

mental map

an internal representation of a portion of Earth's surface

culture

the body of customary beliefs, material traits, and social forms that together constitute the distinct tradition of a group of people

cultural ecology

the geographic study of human-environment relationships

environmental determinism

an approach on how the physical environment caused social development

possibilism

the theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives

resources

substances that are useful to people, economically and technologically feasible to access, and is socially acceptable to use

polder

a piece of land that is created by draining water from any area

globalization

a force of process that involves the entire world and results in making something worldwide in scope

distribution

the arrangement of a feature in space

density

the frequency with which something occurs in space

arithmetic density

the total number of objects in an area

physiological density

the number of persons per unit of area suitable for agriculture

agricultural density

the number of farmers per unit of farmland

concentration

the extent of a feature's spread over space

pattern

the geometric arrangement of objects in space

space-time compression

a term applied by geographers to describe the reduction in the time it takes for something to reach another place

distance decay

the diminishing in importance and eventual disappearence of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin

diffusion

the process by which a characteristic spreads across space from one place to another over time

hearth

the place from which an innovation originates

relocation diffusion

the spread of an idea through physical movement of people from one place to another

expansion diffusion

the spread of a feature from one place to another in a snowballing process

hierarchical diffusion

the spread of an idea from persons or nodes of authority or power to other persons or places

contagious diffusion

the rapid, widespread diffusion of a characteristic throughout the population

stimulus diffusion

the spread of an underlying principle, even though a characteristic itself apparently fails to diffuse

uneven development

the increasing gap in economic conditions between regions in the core and periphery that results from globalization of the economy

transnational corporation

conducts research, operates factories, and sells products in many countries

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set