Fundamental of Medical Assisting Chapter 15

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Fundamental of Medical Assisting Chapter 15

aneroid

a type of sphygmomanometer without fluid.

anthropometric

Measurements of height and weight or physical size of a person.

apex

pointed end of an object.

apnea

absent respirations.

arrhythmia

an irregular heartbeat.

aural

pertaining to the ear.

auscultatory gap

the disappearance of sound when taking blood pressure.

axillary

Measurement of body temperature taken in the armpit

baseline

initial value used to compare with measurements from subsequent visits.

bradycardia

abnormally slow heartbeat (usually applied to heart rates slower than 60 bpm)

bradypnea

abnormally shallow and slow breathing

Cheyne-Stokes respirations

Short period of apnea followed by gradually increasing rate and depth of repirations. Respirations gradually slow and become more shallow until another period of apnea is reached. May occur in sleep of an elderly but may be sign of illness of impending death.

continuous fever

a fever that stay about the same elevation all the time or returns to the same level about 4 hours after being treated.

diurnal

daily

dyspnea

difficulty breathing

hyperpnea

rapid and deep respirations.

hyperpyrexia

abnormally high fever

hyperthermia

excessive body heat

hyperventilation

rapid, deep respirations that result in excessive loss of carbon dioxide.

hypopnea

slow and shallow breathing

hypothermia

abnormally low body temperature, usually due to exposure to cold environment.

intermittent fever

fever rises and returns to normal in a regular pattern

oral

temperature measurements using the mouth

orthropnea

difficulty breathing except in the erect or upright position.

orthostatic hypotension

sudden drop in blood pressure a person experiences when standing up suddenly

palpate

use finger to feel

pyrexia

fever

rectal

temperature measurement in the rectum

relapsing fever

a fever that appears to go away then returns.

remittent fever

a fever that rises and falls but always remains above normal.

sphygmomanometer

a device used to measure blood pressure.

stethoscope

a device used to listen to body sounds.

tachycardia

a pulse rate over 100 beats per minute.

tachypnea

an abnormally rapid rate of respiration, usually above 20 breaths per minute

tympanic

temperature measurements in ear using eardrum.

BP

blood pressure

R

respirations

T

temperature

mechanisms the body uses to produce and conserve heat

metabolism, muscle activity, and constriction of superficial blood vessels.

mechanisms the body uses to to lose or reduce body heat

perspiration, elimination and, dialation of superficial blood vessels.

low fever range

99 - 101 degrees

moderate fever range

101.1 -103 degrees fahrenheit

high fever range

103.1 - 105 degrees fahrenheit

hyperpyrexia range

fever over 105 degrees fahrenheit

pulse rate

number of beats a minute

pulse rhythm

space between pulsation

pulse volume

strength of each contraction

respiration rate

number of respirations a minute

respiration rhythm

how even or uneven breathing is

respiration depth

the amount of air inhaled and exhaled.

systolic pressure

pressure against artery walls when ventricles contract.

diastolic pressure

pressure against artery walls when ventricles relax.

temporal pulse

about 1/2 inch in front of the opening of the ear.

cartoid pulse

to the right and left of the adam's apple

apical pulse

pointed end of the heart at the 5th intercoastal space to the left of the sternum

brachial pulse

inner aspect of the arm at bend of the the elbow

radial pulse

on the thumbside of the wrist.

femoral pulse

at the top of each leg in the middle of the groin.

popliteal pulse

at the back of the knee

dorsalis pedis

upper surface of the foot.

pulse rate infant

110 - 170 bpm

pulse rate child 1-7 years

80 - 120 bpm

pulse rate child 7-12 years

60 - 110 bpm

pulse rate adult

60 - 100 bpm

respiratory rate infant

30 - 60

respiratory rate child 1-7 years

18 - 30

respiratory rate child 7 -12 years

20 -26

respiratory rate adult

14 - 20

avg infant birth to 1 year bp

90/50

avg toddler 1 - 3 years bp

90/50

avg preschool 3 - 6 years bp

90/56

avg school age 6 - 13 years bp

110/70

avg adolescent 13 - 19 years bp

120/ 80

avg adult bp

120/80

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