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1) With respect to the relationship between culture, religion, and the physical environment

B) religious ideas may be responsible for some of the changes people make in the physical
environment.

2) A large and fundamental division within a religion is a

A) branch.

3) A relatively small group that has broken away from an established church is a

C) sect.

4) A universalizing religion

B) appeals to people living in a wide variety of locations.

5) The world's largest universalizing religion is

B) Christianity.

6) The world's largest ethnic religion is

C) Hinduism.

7) Christianity first diffused from its hearth through

C) relocation diffusion.

8) Which is a branch of Christianity?

B) Eastern Orthodox

9) Protestants in Ireland are

C) highly clustered in one part of the island

10) The goal of the majority of people living in Northern Ireland is to

A) remain part of the United Kingdom.

11) Roman Catholics are clustered in the U.S. southwest primarily because of migration of

A) Roman Catholics from Latin America

12) The people of Quebec are distinguished from residents of neighboring Canadian provinces
and the United States because they

C) frequently use religious toponyms

13) Which of the following is not a universalizing religion?

D) Judaism

14) Eastern Orthodoxy is an example of a Christian

A) branch.

15) Lutheranism is an example of a Christian

B) denomination.

16) Muslims are clustered in

E) the Middle East.

17) The dominant branch of Islam is

D) Sunni.

18) The dominant branch of Islam in Iran is

E) Shiite.

19) Adherents of which religion controlled much of present-day Spain until 1492, but not since
then?

D) Islam

20) What is the holiest book in Hinduism?

E) none of the above

21) Which of the following is currently the most important religion in the homeland of the man
who founded it?

D) Islam

22) Unlike other universalizing religions, Buddhism

A) remained concentrated in one region of the world.

23) Mahayanists, in contrast to Theravadists, emphasize Buddha's

B) compassion

24) Hinduism's caste system

A) assigns everyone to a distinct class.

25) Adherents of which religion are also likely to believe in other religions simultaneously?

E) Buddhism

26) Animists believe that

B) inanimate objects and natural events have spirits

27) The agricultural calendar is relatively unimportant to which type of religions?

D) universalizing

28) Which is not an ethnic Asian religion?

E) Hinduism

29) Especially important in Confucianism is to

A) perform public service.

30) Especially important in Daoism is to

B) reflect on the mystical and magical aspects of life.

31) The belief in the existence of only one god is

C) monotheism.

32) Followers of which religious branch do not trace their origin to Abraham?

B) Mahayana

33) For most of the past 2,000 years, most Jews have been

B) dispersed around the world.

34) The concept of a ghetto originally referred to the area of a city

B) inhabited by the lowest-income people.

35) Judaism is classified as an ethnic rather than a universalizing religion, primarily because

C) its rituals derive from the agricultural cycle in Israel

36) Beliefs concerning the origin of the universe are

B) cosmogony.

37) Which is not a characteristic of a hierarchical religion?

B) It encourages each congregation to be self-sufficient.

38) Which ethnic religion follows a lunar calendar?

C) Judaism

39) A mosque differs from a church, because a mosque

D) contains relics of the founder.

40) Worship in Hinduism is most likely to take place

C) at home.

41) Cremation is more important than burial in which religion?

C) Hinduism

42) The United Nations partition plan dividing Palestine placed Jerusalem under

E) United Nations administration

43) The situation in Northern Ireland is the result of

A) counties in Northern Ireland voting to remain in the United Kingdom.
B) Catholic protest against discrimination by Protestants.
C) British colonial control which contributed to poor economic conditions.
D) violence committed by extreme partisans on both sides.

44) Palestinians include all but which of the following groups?

D) Jewish citizens of Israel

45) Israel has controlled all of Jerusalem since

D) the Six-Day War in 1967

46) Adherents of which religion have controlled the Holy Land for most of the past 1,500 years?

D) Islam

47) Which religion is one of the three most important in Lebanon?

B) Druze

48) Which of these penalties were imposed by the Taliban in Afghanistan?

A) Men were beaten for shaving their beards.
B) Homosexuals were buried alive.
C) Prostitutes were hanged in public, and men were stoned for committing adultery.
D) Thieves' hands were cut off, and women with nail polish had their fingers cut off.

49) What policy did the British follow in India?

D) They encouraged the abolishment of the caste system.

50) From the Russian Revolution to the fall of the communist government, what was the policy
of the government towards religion?

C) Churches remained open but played a limited role.

51) Individual ethnic religions have more concentrated geographic distributions than
universalizing religions.

True

52) Christianity has the most widespread geographic distribution of any religion.

True

53) The most troublesome religious boundary in Western Europe is in Ireland

True

54) The Ganges is the most holy river for Muslims.

False

55) Lutherans in the United States are concentrated in the southeast.

False

56) Catholics in the United States are concentrated in the northeast and southwest.

True

57) Jerusalem is a holy city to all three major universalizing religions.

False

58) Buddhism is the most important religion in India

False

59) Natural landscape features are the holiest places in Islam.

False

60) The majority of people in Lebanon are Jewish.

False

61) The largest concentration of Eastern Orthodox Christians is in Eastern Europe.

True

62) Pilgrimages play a significant role in ethnic religions but not in universalizing religions.

False

63) Islam is a less hierarchical religion than Christianity.

True

64) Like churches, mosques are consecrated as holy places.

False

65) After the 1917 Revolution, the communists closed all churches in the Soviet Union.

False

66) Describe the main difference in the most important holidays between a universalizing and
an ethnic religion.

Ethnic- agricultural calendar, universalizing-events in founder's life.

67) What is the world's largest ethnic religion? In what country do 99 percent of the adherents of
this religion live?

Hinduism,India

68) What major universalizing religion originated in present-day India?

Buddhism

69) Most Europeans adhere to which of the three major universalizing religions?
Which is the most important branch of this religion in the following regions of Europe?
a. northwestern
b. southwestern
c. eastern

a. protestant, b. roman catholic, c. orthodox

70) Name the two main branches of Islam.

Sunni and shiite

71) Which branch of Islam is the largest in Iran and Lebanon?

shiites

72) Match the religion to the region of the United States:
________ Baptist a. Arizona
________ Roman Catholic b. Utah
________ Lutheran c. Alabama
________ Mormon d. Minnesota

Baptist Alabama, Roman Catholic Arizona, Lutheran Minnesota, Mormon Utah

73) Most people in the Republic of Ireland are adherents of which branch of Christianity?
A slight majority of people in Northern Ireland are adherents of which branch of
Christianity?

Roman Catholic, Protestant.

74) Wars were fought in 1948, 1956, 1967, and 1973 in the land once known as Palestine. What
country won all four of these wars?
What three countries fought against this country in all four wars?
Which one of these three countries signed a peace treaty with the first country named?

Israel
Egypt, Syria, Jordan
Egypt

75) Name the four religions dominant in East Asia.
How is religious adherence different in East Asia than in the United States?

Buddhism, Taoism/Daoism, Shinotism, Confusciounism.

76) Compare the impact of Christianity and Islam on the landscape.

Christian must finish creating the Earth by modifying the environment, natural disasters=sins,
Islam reflect/improve land by growing crops.

77) In what ways is Judaism an ethnic religion?

Holidays are based on agricultural calendar

78) How do different religions incorporate natural features into their cosmogony?

Christians modify land, and muslims try to improve land.

79) How has religion been a source of territorial conflict among people?

1 religion better than another, fights for territory over holy places and sacred spaces.

80) How has the concept of pilgrimage changed in the modern world?

it's easier now because of enhanced transportation.. more accesible.

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