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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. genome
  2. evolutionary psychology
  3. fraternal twins
  4. individualism
  5. heritability
  1. a The proportion of variation among individuals that we can attribute to genes. The heritability of a trait may vary, depending on the range of populations and environments studied.
  2. b giving priority to one's own goals over group goals, and defining one's identity in terms of personal attributes rather than group identifications
  3. c the study of the evolution of behavior and the mind, using principles of natural selection.
  4. d the complete instructions for making an organism, consisting of all the genetic material in that organism's chromosomes
  5. e twins who develop from separate eggs. They are genetically no closer than brothers and sisters, but they share a fetal environment

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. every nongenetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the people and things around us
  2. the sex chromosome found only in males. When paired with an X chromosome from the mother, it produces a male child.
  3. the most important of the male sex hormones. Both males and females have it, but the additional testosterone in males stimulates the growth of the male sex organs in the fetus and the development of the male sex characteristics during puberty. (Myers Psychology 8e p. 130)
  4. theory that children learn from their cultures a concept of what it means to be male and female and that they adjust their behaviors accordingly
  5. the buffer zone we like to maintain around our bodies

5 True/False questions

  1. genesthe biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosomes; a segment of DNA capable of synthesizing a protein


  2. interactiona random error in gene replication that leads to a change


  3. gender rolein psychology, the biologically and socially influenced characteristics by which people define male and female


  4. temperamenta person's characteristic emotional reactivity and intensity


  5. mutationthe effect of one factor (such as environment) depends on another factor (such as heredity)


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