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Chapter 3 Nature, Nurture, and Human Diversity Test

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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. y chromosome
  2. evolutionary psychology
  3. collectivism
  4. environment
  5. chromosomes
  1. a giving priority to the goals of one's group (often one's extended family or work group) and defining one's identity accordingly
  2. b threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the genes
  3. c the study of the evolution of behavior and the mind, using principles of natural selection.
  4. d the sex chromosome found only in males. When paired with an X chromosome from the mother, it produces a male child.
  5. e every nongenetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the people and things around us

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The proportion of variation among individuals that we can attribute to genes. The heritability of a trait may vary, depending on the range of populations and environments studied.
  2. the sex chromosome found in both men and women. females have two x chromosomes; males have one. an x chromosome from each parent produces a female child
  3. the subfield of biology that studies the molecular structure and function of genes
  4. the complete instructions for making an organism, consisting of all the genetic material in that organism's chromosomes
  5. twins who develop from separate eggs. They are genetically no closer than brothers and sisters, but they share a fetal environment

5 True/False Questions

  1. gener schema theorytheory that children learn from their cultures a concept of what it means to be male and female and that they adjust their behaviors accordingly

          

  2. DNAa set of expectations (norms) about a social position, defining how those in the position ought to behave

          

  3. identical twinstwins who develop from separate eggs. They are genetically no closer than brothers and sisters, but they share a fetal environment

          

  4. temperamenta person's characteristic emotional reactivity and intensity

          

  5. social learning theorythe theory that we learn social behavior by observing and imitating and by being rewarded or punished

          

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