Includes cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, body comp
what do health-related fitness means?
the organic systems of the body are healthy and functions affiently, so you are able to engage in vigorous tasks and leisure activities
how is health-related fitness a benefit?
It helps against diseases
renders motor skills required in sports and specific types of jobs
what do skill-related fitness include
aglity, balance, coordiation, power, speed, reaction time
The comparision of an individuals performance with that of individuals having common characteristics
what is norm-reference tests used for?
skill-related physical fitness
Are used when individual differences are unimportant and performance is judged relative to some standard that selects a satisfactory level of the attribute being measured
Is a comprehensive ___- ___ fitness achieving assessement and computerized reporting system
what are some goals of the fitnessgram
- to promote enjoyable regular physical activity
- to provide comprehesive physcial fitness and activity assessments
- reporting programs for children and adolescents
The ___-reference standards for the fitnessgram test items represent a level of fitness that offers some degree of protection against health problems that results from secedary living
performance is classified in two general areas:
- needs improvement
- healthy fitness zones
what is the age limit for using fitnessgram
is adminstrated as part of a _____ physical fitness program sponsored by ymca
what test requires you to get a medical exam before you do the test?
what is the age limit for the ymca
how many components do the ASCM consist of
what is the age limit for the ASCM test?
what is the AAU test responsible for?
the admistration of the president's challenge
what is the age limit for the AAU?
what is validity?
how well the test measure what it says it's going to measure
what is reliablity?
the consistency of results
what is the order of importance in terms of testing?
is an aspect of validity
is an aspect of reliability
in order for a test to be valid it have to be ___ and ___
relevant and reliable
it is possible for a test to be reliable without being ___
the test can be valid but it's not relevant to the situation is defined as what?
accuracy of test means what?
validity used when you do paper and pencil exams
what is also called face validity?
used for physical psyco-motor test
can be used as a mulitple choice test.
it is the degree to which the content of test samples the subject matter. there is no validity index for content or logical validity (face validlity)
In content valid the test is prepared according to:
1.content of the course: are the things you put on the test from things you convered in class
2. The level of behavior involved. how many hard and easy questions on the test. ( bloom's taxonomy)
what are the components of bloom's taxonomy
measure, comprehension, application
what are the three assumptions of content validity
1. the area of concern is a meaningful defineable universe or response (information given), and from into you can see mulitple choice test.
2. A sample can be drawn ( out of information)
3. The sample is represenative of the essential characteristics of the universe
what are the judgements to be made about content validity?
- Does the test cover what's in class
- Did you have equal balance of easy and complex questions ( are the cognitvely balance)
- Is the test free of prequisites and are all the questions relevant
what's used in testing a specific motor skill
ex/ see how fast a person can run
logical or face validity
2 aspects of good perfromance
2. angle of projection
what are the steps in establishing logical validity
1. Define good performance: ex/ a good approach shot at a distance of 30 yards from the pin has a ball flight which will carry the ball over any intervening water and sand out the green and to a position at or near the pin.
2. A test is constructed measuring good performance: ex/
accuracy was measured using a target consisting of 6 concentric circles surrounding the pin.
* refer to notes for more examples.
3.The test is scored so that the best score represents a performance that closely resembles the defition of good performance.
If you don't agree with definition of good performance it's a question of __ ___
This equipment piece is used for what skill test: standard 48- inch target face
AAHPER archery test
Adminstration and directions for AAHPER ARCHERY TEST : No more than 4 archers should shoot at one target. Two ends of six (total of twelve) are shot at distance of _, __ and _ for boys and _ and _ for girls. ALL archery begin at the __ - yard distance and move to the 20 yard line when the two ends have been completed. This process is repeated for each line. However, individuals who do not score at least __ points at one distance may not advance to the next distance. Each archer is given _ practice shot at each distance
10, 20 and 30 for boys, 10 and 20 for girls, begin at 10. score at least 10 points. each archer is given 4 practice shots
This instrument is used with which sports skill test: archery accessories (arm guards and finger tabs)
aapherd archery test
In the AAHPERD archery test, test takers automatically move from one distance to another after the completion of twelve shots: true or false
false, after 10 shots
Scoring for the aapherd archery test: standard target scoring is used, with the point value _, _,_,_, and _ for the respective circles from the center outward. arrows falling outside the outer cirlce or missing the target are scored _. Arrows passing completely through or rebounding off the target are awarded _ points.
9,7,5,3 and 1... 0.... 7
what is the test objectives for the AAHPER archery test
to measure archery skill
what is the age-limit for aahper archery test?
which test goes with this type of scoring- standard target scoring is used, with point value 9,7,5,3 and 1 for the respective circles from the center outward. Arrows falling outside the circle or missing the target are scored 0. Arrows passing completely through or rebounding off the target are awarded 7 points
AAHPER archery test
Are the distances in the archery test the same for boys and girls?
Adminstation and directions for the scott and french test: with the use of additional standards, a rope is streched across the court _ ft from and parallel to the net at a height of _ft. floor markings are identical to those described for the french short-serve test, except for their location. The intersection of the long service line and the left side boundary line for singles is used for placement of the ___. standing anywhere in the service court diagonally across from the target, the performer attempts _ legal serves over the net and rope to the target area
14, 8, target,20
In the Scott and French long serve test what is the purpose for the rope 14" back from the net and 8" high.
b/c floor markings are identical to those
what is the test objective for scott and french long-serve test?
to measure the accuracy of the long serve
Scoring on the scott and french long serve test would be what kind of data?
what is the age limit for scott and french long-serve test?
HS and college students
The scott and french long serve test is a test for what?
which test use this scoring method?The point value of the zone in which the shuttle lands is recorded. and the best ten of twelve shots are totaled for the test score. Shuttles landing on a target line are given the higher value, and one point is deducted for any shuttle that fails to clear the extended racket of the player. The maximum score is 40.
what is the test objective for racquetball?
To measure basic racquetball skills
Scoring for racquetball: The item score is the sum of the legal hits against the front wall for the __ trails
what is the age-level for racquetball?
HS through college level
The racquetball skills test is primarily a test of speed or accuracy?
adminstration and directions for racquetball: The test consists of two _second trails, preceded by a 30-sec practice period. Holding two racquetballs, the test performer stands behind the short service line, drops a ball, and volley it against the front wall for __ seconds. all strokes must be made from behind the short line. the ball may be hit in the air or after bounching one or more times, and any stroke may be used to keep the ball in play. if the ball does not return, past the __ __ or if performer misses it, the ball may be retrieved or a new ball may be put into play. The test adminstrator should be standing near the back wall with two additional racquetballs in the event they are neeeded. each time a new volley is started, the ball must be put into play being bounched behind the short line. The stopwatch is started when performer __ the ball to begin the volley
30, 30, short line, drops
The scoring for the service placement: The point value for the zone in which each ball lands is totaled for the __trials. Balls going over the rope are given a score of _
In the racquetball skills test shots may be taken from anywhere on the court. true or false
false, must stand behind short line
scoring process speed of service for the hewitt skills test: The point value for the zone in which each ball __ is totaled for the ten trials
what is the test objective for the hewiit tennis achievement test?
to measure the basic tennis skills for the service, forehand drive, and backhand drive
what is the age limit for hewiit tennis achievement test?
HS and college level
Hewitt tennis achievement test for service placement: A rope is placed _ ft above the ground and parallel to the net. A _ minute warm-up is permitted. The test performer stands to the right of the center line behind the baseline and serves __ balls into the marked service court. The ball must be served between the rope and. Net balls and balls that hit the rope are ___
7, 10, 10, repeated
Hewitt tennis achievement test for forehand and backhand drive tests: A rope is placed _ ft about the ground and parallel to the net. The court is marked. The test performer stands at the center of the ___. The test adminstator is positioned, with a baske of balls, on the other side of the net at the intersection of the center line and the service line. The administator hits __ practice balls to the performer, who uses either the forehand or the backhand to return the balls hit by the adminstrator should land just beyond this service line. _ test trails are then adminstered the same way, the performer choosing which ten balls to hit with the forehand and which ten balls to hit with the backhand. If the drive goes between the net and the rope, points are scored. All net balls and those that hit the rope are repeated.
7, baseline, 5, 20
scoring process for the forehand and backhand drive tests: The point value for the zone in which each ball lands is totaled for the _ trials. balls hit over the rope and landing in the scoring zones score _ the regular value. side and within 6 feet of the test performer.
Hewitt tennis achievement test for speed of service: The court is divided into ___. The distance the ball bounces after it hits in the service area gives an indication of what? The score is based on the zone in which the second bounce lands. __ trials are given. This test can be conducted at the same time as the service placement test.
zones, the speed the ball travels, 10
what is the AAHERD tennis skills test objectives
to measure the basic tennis skills of ground strokes (forehand and backhand) and the serve. A volley test is included as an opional items.
what is the age limit for the AAPHERD tennis test?
grade 9 to college
The tennis serve adminstation adn directions: Lines are place on the court. A 5 minute warm-up is permitted. __ individuals may be tested simultaneously. A box of balls is placed several ft behind the center mark on the end of the court where the serveer is positioned. One server takes a position to serve to the deuce court; the other takes a position to serve to the ad court. Two practice serves are permitted. __ trials are attempted into the designated scoring; each trail may consist of a second service attempt if the first serve is a fault. the first __ trails are directed to the outside half of the designated service court, and the next four are directed toward the inside half. After each server has attempted __ scored trails to the designated service court, the servers trade positions and repeat the procedure. let serves are reserved.
2, 4,4 and 8
AAPERD tennis skills test for ground strokes adminstration adn directions:Lines are placed on the court. A 5 minute warm-up period is pemitted. The test performer takes a position ___ or at the ___ mark of the baseline. The test administrator is stationed with __ to _ balls on the other side of the net, within approx 3 feet of the net adn along the center line. Using an overhand motion, the tester tosses 12 consective balls to the forehand and twelve consecutive balls to the backhand. the first two tosses to each side serve as practice. the ball should be tossed so that it lands beyond the service line on the desired side and within 6 ft of the test performer. The test performer may elect not to swing at no more than two tosses for each side this decision must be made before attempt to hit the ball over the net into the designated scoring area within the singles court.
behind, center... 10 to 12....
what is the scoring process for the groundstoke in the tennis skills test: Each of the __ trails for both the forehand and backhand is scored for __ and __. The placement score is determined according to the target area in which the ball lands. The power score is determined according to the power zone in which the ball lands on the __ bounce. balls that are wide, long or hit into the net receive a score of _ for bothe placement and power. the total score is the sume of the placement and power scores for each of the scored trails
10, power and placement, second, 0
The scoring process for volley of the tennis test: Each of the_ designated trials for both the forehand and backhand are scored for placement. The placement score is determined according to the target area in which the ball lands. Balls that are wide, long, or hit inot the net receive a score of _ the score is the sum of the scores for all 12 trails
What 3 skills are measured on the AAHPERD tennis skills test?
groundstroke, serve and volley
The volley adminstration and directions for the tennis skills test: Lines are placed on the court. A 5- minute warm-up period is permitted. The test performer takes a positon _ to _ ft from the net in the center of the court. The tester is stationed with a box of tennis balls near the center of the baseline. Using a forehand stroke, the tester hits ten balls to the forehand side and ten balls to the backhand side of the performer. The first __ balls to each side are for practice. the tester should hit balls at a consistent, moderate speed, approx _ to _ ft above the net (waist high to head high of the test performer). The performer may elect not to attempt to volley at a total of two trails for each side. This decision must be made before attempting to return the ball. if the tester judges that an improper setup ball was responsible for a low score on a performer's atttempt. the trial may by be repeated.
3 to 6 feet, 4, 1 to 3 ft
What two scores are reported on the AAHPERD tennis skills test?
power and placement
what is the optional AAHPERD tennis skills test?
The scoring for the serve part of the test: Each of the __ service attempts is scored for both the placement and power. the placement score is determined according to the target area within the service court in which the ball lands. servses landing in the designated half of the court are awarded _ points; serve landing elsewhere in the service court are awarded _ points: and those landing outside of the service court are awarded _ points, The power score is determined according to the power zone in which the ball lands on the___ bounce. serve balls that land outside the approx service court are score _ for power
16, 2,1, 0, second, 0
Adminstration and directions for the basketball aapherd test in speed spot shooting: Floor markings are placed on the floor. The distances for sports B, C, D, are measured from the center of the backboard; those for spots_ and _ are measue from the center of the basket. For 5th and 6th graders, the shooting distance is 9 feet; for grades 7,8, and 9, it is _ft; and for grades 10 through college, it is _ ft. Holding a basketball, the test performer begins the test with one foot behind any one of the 5 markers. On the signal "Ready, Go," the performer shoots, retrieves the ball, and dribbles to and shoots from another spot. at least one shot must be taken from each of the 5 markeres. A max of 4 lay-up shots may be attempted, but no two may be taken in succession. three 60-seconds trails are adminstered, with the first being a practice trail.
A and E, 12, 15
what is the age level for the aaperd basketball test?
10 to college
what is the test objectives for the football aaperd test?
each item measures a single basic skill
The scoring for the Mcdonald soccer test is?
ratio and ordinal data
what is the mcdonald soccer test objective
to measure general soccer ability
what is the age limit for the mcdonald soccer
HS through college-age
what is the test objectives for aahperd softball
to measure the basic softball skills of batting, fielding, throwing, and baserunning
what is the age limit for aahperd softball skills test?
grade 5 through college
what is the test objective fielding grounders test
to measure the ability to field grounders. to run to a base, and to throw quickly and accurately to a target
what is the age level for field grounders
originally designed for high school girls but also may be adminstered to high school boys
This instrument is used with which sports skill test: marched arrows ( 8 to 10 per person) 24 to 28 inches in length
aapherd archery test
what is the test objective for the brady volley test?
to measure general volleyball playing ability
This piece of equipment is used for which test:
floor marking tape
scott and french test
what is the age limit for the brady volley test?
College, but the test may also be appropriate for some HS groups. if administered to younger groups, it is suggested that the height of the target be lowered.
this piece of equipment is used for which sport skills test: four new racquetballs
what is the test objective for the north carolina state university volleyball skills test?
to measure and evaluate the 3 basic volleyball skils; serve, forearm pass and set
This instrument is used with which sports skill test: bows ranging from 15 to 40 lbs in pull,
aahperd archery test
what is the age level for NCU volleyball skills test?
HS through college
This piece of equipment is used for which test:
scott and french test
this piece of equipment is used for which sport skills test: tennis rackets
Hewitt tennis achievement
this piece of equipment is used for which sport skills test: colored floor markettape
This piece of equipment is used for which test:
scott and french test
this piece of equipment is used for which sport skills test: rackets
this piece of equipment is used for which sport skills test: basketballs
aapherd basketball test
this piece of equipment is used for which sport skills test: 36 new tennis balls
what is the difference between the short and lone wall volley test on the racquetball skills test?
The test procedures for the long wall volley test are the same as for the short wall volley test item, except the ball must be volleyed from behinded a restraining line drawn 12 feet behind the short line. two extra balls are placed in the crease of the back wall b/c adminstrator should not be in the court during this test.
This piece of equipment is used in which sports skill test: racket
AAPERD tennis skills test
this piece of equipment is used for which sport skills test: floor and wall marking tape
aapherd basketball test
the scoring for the speed spot shooting of the basketbal aapherd test: __ points are given for each shot made, and _ point is given for each unsuccessful shot that hits the rim ( from above). The item score is the __ of the scores for the two trials. The test adminstrator must record the number of lay-ups attempted, the point value of the attempted shots, and if the performer attemps at least one shot from each of the 5 markers. No score is given for shots that follow ball-handling infractions such as traveling and double dribbing or for more than 4 lay-up attemps. if the performer fails to shoot from each of the 5 markers what happens?
2, 1, the trial is repeated.
This piece of equipment is used in which sports skill test: 20 tennis balls
AAPERD tennis skills test
The adminstitration and directions for control dribble of the aapherd basketball skill test: _ cones are placed. On the signal "ready, go, the test performer begins dribbling with the nondominant side of cone B. For the remainder of the course the performer may use the dominant hand, and hands may be changed when appropriate. _ timed trails are given, with the first being a practice trial.
The scoring for the control dribble for the aapherd basketball skill test: The trail score is recorded to the nearest _ of a second. The item score is the sum of the two trails. The trail is retaken for ball-handling infractions, failure of the performer or ball to remain outside any cone, and failure to continue the test from the spot where loss of ball control occurred.
The scoring process for the basketball skills test: The trail score is recorded to the nearest _ of a second. The item score is the sum of the _ trials. The trial is repeated for crossing the feet during the slide or turn, running, failing to touch the hand to the floor outside the lane, and performing the drop step before the hand touches the flood.
The adminstration and directions for defensive movement in the basketball skill test: The court is marked. The boundaries are the free-throw line, the end line behind the basket, and the free-throw lane lines. The middle lines on the free-throw land serve as markers for _ and _. marks A, B, D and E must be made with flood tape. The test performer stands at point A, facing away from line basket. On the signal "ready, go" the performer slides to the left, without crossing the feet, to point B and touches the floor outside the land with the left hand. then, executing drop step ( changing defensive direction by moving the trailing foot in a sliding motion in the direction of the next move), the performer slides to point C and touches the floor outside the land with the right hand, performs a drop step, and slides to point D. the test is continued unitl both feet cross the finish line. three timed trails are given, with the first being a practice trail.
C and F
The adminstration and directions for aaperd basketball test in passing: A restraining line is drawn on the floor _ ft from the wall and parallel to it, and squares are marked on the wall. Only chest passes are permitted. Holding a basketball, the test performer stands behind the restraining line facing target A. on the signal "ready, go" the ball is passed to target A. The rebound is recovered while moving to be in line with target B. The ball is then passed to target B. This sequence is continued until target F is reacheed, where two passes are attemped,The performer the moves back toward the target A. Three 30 -second trail taken, with the first being a practice trail
The scoring for passing for the basketball aapherd test: Each pass that lands in the target or on the target line earns _ points. Passes hitting the wall between the targets earn _ point. The item score is the sum of the two trails. No points are given if a second pass is made at targets _,_,_ or _: or if a pass other than a chest pass is used
2, 1,B,C,D, and E
this piece of equipment is used for which sport skills test: court markings
This piece of equipment is used in which sports skill test: tape or chalk
AAPERD tennis skills test
this piece of equipment is used for which sport skills test: rope longer than width of court
this piece of equipment is used for which sport skills test: six cones
aapherd basketball test
This piece of equipment is used in which sports skill test: The tennis court
AAPERD tennis skills test
this piece of equipment is used for which sport skills test: tape measure
aapherd basketball test
this piece of equipment is used for which sport skills test: poles or standards
this piece of equipment is used for which sport skills test: stopwatch
aapherd basketball test
which of the AAPERD Basketball skills tests are primarily speed tests and which are a combination of speed and accuracy?
speed tests- speed spot shooting
speed and accuracy- passing, control dribble
and defensive movement
What areas of baskeball are tested on the AAHPERD basketball test?
shooting, passing and dribbling
which test use this instrument: 8'X11' canvas
which test use this instrument: five chairs
which test use this instrument: kicking tee
which test use this instrument: tape measure
The adminstration and direction for a forward pass for distance for the football skill test: The pass is made from within a _ foot restraining area. the contact point of the performer's first pass is marked with a metal or wooden stake. _ trails are given, adn the stake is moved if the second or third pass is longer. if the test item is adminstered on a football field, the restaining area should be placed parallel to othe yard lines. ( adminstration of the test should be placed parallel to the tates the measurement process because it is necessary to measure only the distance from the stake to the yard line immedialey behind the stake.) the distance is measured to the last foot passed and at a right angle to the throwing line
The scoring of a forward pass for distance in the football test: the item score is the best pass of the _ trials
The 50-yard dash with football adminstration and directions for the football skill test: while carrying the football, the performer runs as fast as possible for _ yards. the starter shouts "go," and simultaneously swings a white cloth down. the timer starts the watch with the downward arm movement of the starter and stops it when the runner crosses the finish line. __ trails are adminstered, with a rest period in between.
the scoring of the 50- yard dash with football skill test: the score is the better time of the _ trails to the nearest _ second
The forward pass for accuracy adminstration and direction for the football skill test: A target is painted on an 8' X11' canvas. The diameter is _ ft for the center circle; _ ft for the middle circle; and _ ft fo the outer circle. the bottom of the circle is _ ft from the ground. the target is hung from the crossbar of the goalposts and tied to the goal posts so that it remains taut. A restraining line is placed _ yards from the target. The test performer runs two or three turns, and throws the football at the target. the pass should be made with good speed. _ trials are adminstrated.
2, 4, 6, 3, 15, 10
The adminstration and directions for punt for distance in the football test: The performer takes _ or _ steps within a _ foot kicking zone and punts the ball as far as possible. the test is adminstered the same as the forward pass for distance
1 or 2, 6
The scoring for punt for distance in the football test: The target values are _ (inner circle) , _ (middle circle), and _ (outer circle). Passes striking a line are given the higher value. The score is the point total for the 10 trails
3, 2, 1
the scoring for the forward pass for accuracy:
look at scoring for punt for distance in football
The adminstation and directions for the ball-changing zigzag run: _ chairs are place in a line, with the chair 10 yards from the starting line and the others 10 yards apart. the test performer stands behind the starting line, holding a football under the __ arm. on the "Go," the performer runs to the left or the second shifts the ball to the __ arm, and run to the left of the second chair. The run is continued in and out of the chairs ( as in stiff-arming an opponent) each time a chair is passed. the runner is not permitted to touch the chairs. __ trials are adminstered.
5, right, left, 2
The adminstation and directions for catching the forward pass in the football test: two end marks, located _ ft to the right and left of the center, are placed on the scrimmage line. turning points are placed __ ft in front of the end marks. the test performer stands on the right end mark and faces straight ahead. On the signal " Go," the performer runs toward the turning point directly in front of him or her, makes a _ degree right turn behind the turning point, and while continuing to run parallel to the scrimmage line prepares to receive a pass at the __ point. on the "Go," signal the center snaps the ball to the passer. The passer then takes one backward step to be in position to pass the ball directly over the passing the point, slightly above the head of the receiver. the same pattern is run from the __ end mark, except teh performer makes a left turn at the turning point. __ trails are run around each turning point. Poorly thrown passes are repeated
9, 30, 90, passing, left, 10
The scoring for the catching the forward pass: _ point is awarded for each pass caught. the score is the sum of the passes caught from both sides
The adminstation and directions for the kickoff in the football test: A kicking tee is placed in the center of a yard line on the field. The football is placed on the tee so that it tilts slighty back toward the kicker. taking as possible. _ trials are adminstered
The adminstation and directions for the pullout in the football test: The performer assumes a _ point stance midway between two goal posts. on the signal " GO" the performer turns to the right and runs ___ to the imaginary scrimmage line, makes a __ degree turn around the goalpost, and races straight ahead across a finish line __ ft away. __ time trials are adminstered, with the time starting on " GO" and stopping when the performer crosses the finish line
3, parallel, 90, 30 , and 2
the scoring for the kickoff in a football test:
the same as for the forward pass, punt and distance tests
the scoring for the pullout in a foot ball test: the score is the better time of the ___ trails, measured to the nearest __ second
what are the skills areas tested on the AAHPERD football skills test?
forward pass, 50-yard dash, punt, ball-changing zigzag run, catching the forward pass, pullout and kickoff
The pass, punt, adn kick-off, in the AAHPERD football test, are primarily measures of what?
the 50 yard-dash and pull-out are primarily measures of?
How is accuracy measured on the football pass for accuracy?
the score for the point total for the ten trials
The adminstration and directions for the Mcdonald soccer test: A restraining line is marked __ ft from a wall, __ ft and __ ft high. a soccer ball is placed on teh restraining line. On the signal "Go" the test performer kicks teh ball against the wall as many times as possible in __ seconds. __ soccer balls are placed 9 ft behind the restraining line in the center of the test area. in the event of a wild kick, the test peformer may retreive the original ball or use one of the two additional balls. the hands may be used to retrieve a ball. Any type of kick may be used, but all kicks from the ground behind the restaining line. __ trials are adminstered
9, 30, 11 1/2, 30, 2, 4
The scoring for the mcdonald soccer test: the number of legal kicks in each 30-sec period is recorded. the test score is the ___ total of any 3 trials.
The adminstration and directions for batting in the softball skills test: Lines are placed on the field. ___ cones are used to mark the boundary areas. two cones are place at points __ft or __ ft on diagnol lines drawn from home plate through points on the baseline 20 ft on each side of second base. cones are also placed on these diagonal lines at points __ ft ( grades 5-8) or __ ft ( grades 9-college) from home plate. __ other cones are placed at the respective distances on the outside fair-ball boundary lines. the cones and the chalked lines separate the field into 3 power zones and 3 placement areas. the batter assumes a batting stance a home plate and attemps to hit the ball off the batting tee as far as possible within the center field boundaries. The batting tee should be adjusted to approx waist height and placed in the center of the strike zone, opposite the front hip of the batter. __ practice trials and _ test trails are permitted
6, 120 or 150, 180 ft or 240, 2, 6
The scoring for the batting part of the softball test: The batter's score is the sum of values of the zone in which the ball stops rolling for the _ test trails. A missed swing, balls hit into foul territory, and balls stopping within the infield score no points
the field ground balls for adminstration and directions for softball test: A ___ area is marked off. the player being tested stands in ready position behind the restaining line (point a). A thrower ( point B) stands behind the throwing line and throws _ practice and _ test balls to each player. each throw must strike the ground before the _ foot line and must stay within the sideline boundaries of the marked area. the throws should be sidearm, with sufficient velocity to carry an untouched ball a prescribed, age-adjusted distance beyond the end line; __ft (grades 5-6), _ft (grades 7-8), _ft (grades 9-12), and ___ (college). The prescirbed distance beyond the end line is marked by a cone or similar object (point C). of the six test trails, two balls (in varying order) should be thrown directly to the player, two the right ( between the player and the side line), and two to the left side of the player. the player attempst to field the ball cleanly and toss it back to the thrower. On each trial, the player starts behind the 5 foot restraing line but must move forward of the 60 foot line toward the approaching groundball to obtain max points. any throw not made as specified should be repeated. the thrower should periodically check the velocity of the throw by occasionally instructing the player to let the ball go b untouched. throws should be within 5 to 8 ft of the velocity marker
20' X 60', 2,6, 30, 65, 75, 90, 100
the scoring of fielding ground balls for sofeball: each ball cleanly fielded in front of the _ foot line counts 4 points. a ball that is stopped, but bobbled, counts 2 points. only the player's glove and the ball must be in front of the line. balls fielded behind the 60 foot line receive one-half the points normally earned, that is , 2 points for cleanly fielded balls and _ point for bobbled ballss. balls that get past the player score no points. the score is the sum of the _ trials
60, 1, 6
the adminstration and directions for overhand throwing for distance and accuracy: A throwing line is marked off in feet down the center of a large open field area, with a restrainig line marked at one end perpendicular to the throwing. a back boundary line is marked of _ ft behind the restaining lien. after the proper warm up, the player stands between the restaining line and the back as possible down the throwing line. if a player steps over the restraining before releasing the ball, the throw must be repeated. _ throws are attempted.
the scoring for the overhand throwing for distance and accuracy: the better of _ throws is measureed and recorded as the score. The score equals the throwing distance, measured at a point on the throwing line straight across from the spot where the ball landed, minus the number of feet the ball landed off target. Both error scores and distance scores are measured to the nearest foot.
the adminstation and directions for baserunning in softball skills test: after a proper warm-up, the player takes a lead-off position in front of home plate with the back foot in contact with the front edge of the base. On the signal " ready, go" the player is to runs around first base to second base. the player is to run through second base, rather than slide into it or stop on it. __ trails, with a rest between are attemped
The scoring for baserunning in softball skill testing: trails are ___ to the nearest tenth of a second from the signal to go to the touching the second base. the score is the better of the two trails
the adminstration and directions for fielding grounders test: A floor space of ___ with a ___ wall is needed. a target is placed on the floor on the wall, and markings are placed on the floor. dimensions for the base markings are same as for a softball base. the test performer stands with a foot on the start mark with a ___ and ___. on the signal go the performer runs to either base, throws the ball at the target, rushes to field the ball, and quickly runs to the other base to make other throw at the target. the base must be alternated for the throws, and a foot must be in contact with base on each throw. two 45 sec trails are adminsterd, with rest permitted between trails.
30' X 40' and 20 X 20... softball and glove
The scoring for the fielding grounders test: balls hittiing on or in teh target circle count. the test score is the sum of the target hits made in __ trails.
The fielding grounders test is measuring what 3 aspects of softball?
Run to a base, throw quickly, accuracy
Scoring on the fielding grounders test? is time, counts or distance.
The the brady volley test adminstration and directions: A target consistingin of a horizontal line _ feet in length and __ ft from the floor is marked on a smooth wall. vertical lines at the end of the horizontal line are extended toward the ceiling. the wall should be at least __ ft high and __ ft wide. No restaining line is used. the test by throwing the volleyball against the wall. on the rebound, and all subsequent boundaries of the target (balls landing on the target lines counted). One 60 second trail is adminstered. catching or losing control of the ball requires that the test performer rethrow the ball against the wall to continue the test.
5, 11 1/2, 15, 15
The scoring for the brady volley test: The test score is the number of legal hits in _ sec. thrown balls to do not count.
The shick softball test battery objective is to measure?
defensive softball skills
The adminstration and direction of the north carolina state university for serving: the court is marked. the test performer serves __ times. the serves may be ___ or ____
10, overhand , underhand
The adminstration and direction of the north carolina state university for forearm pass: The court is marked, and a rope is placed on the side of the the test performer at a distance of __ (attack line) from the net and 8 ft high. the test performer is given _ trials from the right back position ( 10 ft from right sideline and 5 feet from the baseline) and five trails from the left back position ( 10 feet from left sideline and 5 feet from the baseline). the test performer passes the tossed ball over the rope and into the target areas,which have values of 1 to 5 points
The adminstration and direction of the north carolina state university for set: The court is marked. and a rope is placed perpendicular to the net at distance of __ ft from the left sideline and at a height of _ ft. the rope should extend beyond the attack line. the test performer stands in the marked area ( 6 ft from right and 5 ft from the net) and receives ten underhand tossed balls from teh tosser who is positoned at midcourt.
The scoring for serve in NCSU volley ball test: the point system was developed with the w- info of reception in mind. Therefore, test performers are awarded according to their abililty to direct the serve to teh areas of court with the ___ coverage. serves landing on a line score the higher point value; serves contacting the net, antennae, or landing out of bounds receive no score. the test item score is the total points, with a max score of __ points.
The scoring for serve in NCSU volley ball test: The point system rewards the test performer's ability to pass the ball __ enough for a setter to easily get under the ball. in most offensive systems, the setter moves to the right center of the court. therefore, the higher point values are given in the areas of the court where the setter can deliver a good set. bad tosses may be repeated. balls landing on a line score the higher point value. zero points are awarded for illegal contact by the test performer, any ball that contacts or goes under the rope, and any ball contacts or goes under the net. the item score is the total points for the ten trails, with a max score of _
The scoring for serve in NCSU volley ball test: The point system rewards the test performer's ability to make a high, outside set, which is the most common form of setting for beginners.therefore, the higher points are given for balls that have teh appropriate height and proximity to the sideline and the least points are given to balls closest to the net and/or the center ofthe court. bad tosses may be repeated. balls landing on a line score the __ point value. zero points are awarded for illegal or double contracts, any balll that contacts or goes under the rope, and any ball that contacts or goes over the set. the item score is the total points for the ten trails, with a max score of __
higher , 50
what the skills measured on the NSCU volleyball test?
serve, forearm pass and set
The mcdonald soccer test is purported to measure general soccer ability under the test objective? Do you think this is true? explain
No, because, it is measuring more of speed than accuracy ?
what does the AAHPERD softball skills test claim to be the most important softball skills?
batting, fielding, baserunning and throwing
what are the skills tested in basketball skills test?
speed spot shooting, dribbling, passing, control dribble and defensive movement
Is used when a test purports to measure an attribute or quality which is too complex to be measured precisely.
ex/ playing ability intelligence coordination, creatively, self-concept
A non-observable trait which explains a behavior. you can't see a construct you can only observe it's effectively
what is the best test question
when you have 50 % of class get the right and 50 % get the question wrong
concurrent is when you use susequent data. true or false
construct validity is a combination of what?
content and stat validity
this type of validitly is when you have been out in the field a while then evalute your data.
types of correlation:
point bi serial
interval and normitive data
interval and ratio
the consistency of the test and a aspect of validity
the test score build up two things
2 measurement error
factors as reliable test:
1. test length- the longer the test the more reliable the test. assumbly the test describing which means 50% get's it right. and 50% get's it wrong
2. the more skilled people- given a basketball skill test to basketball players are more skilled than beginners
The sub-test will be relable if the whole test is reliable. true or false
the skill-individuals will be more reliable. true or false
max exerction test are more reliable than any other test. true or false
reliablity- there are 4 main types of relaliablity coeffients
1. coeffients of equalance- give two forms of the same test on the same day.
2. coeffients of stablity or test-reliability- the repetition of the same test after a specified interest of time
3. split- half reliablility obtained by subdividing the total number of items or trails and comparing the two subjects
4. interclass correlation- used like test retest but different formula
which of the 4 main types of reliability is the best?
which of the 4 main types of reliability is the most commonly used method of establishing reliablity
coeffient of stablity or test
fitness (two types of fitness)
1. physical or health related
2 motor fitness or sport related
what are the components of physical/health related fitness
max force a muscle can exert
ablity to perform overtime until fatique
ablity to take in and utilize oxygen
% body fat
range of ration in a joint
out of the health related fitness components which one is the most important
what is the ultimate of being physically fit?
is to have average amount of ablity within each health related component
rapidity of movement
ablity of change body position rapidity
ability to maintain equilibrum
time b/w stimulus and response
bring in right muscles at right time
amount of were done per unit of time
why there is no correlation with motor skill b/c they are
what are the two components of error
systematic behavioral or biological
error on part of the person taking exam
ex/ not feeling well
systematic behavioral or biological
error on the person giving the test or the instrument used taking exam
what are the components with systematic behavior or biological
lasting general, lasting specific, temporary general, temporary specific
always there, general and on any test you take
always there but, specific to or certain type of exam. ex/ student won't do a test
effects any type of task but just a temporary situation.
ex/ you having the flu. you are going to get rid up flu eventually or death in a family
temporary, but specific to a test.
ex/ spring a thumb so you can't use your thumb in certain test. you can play soccer thou
what is the measurement error components
scorer, admin and eq
differences b/w scores. scorer error is a degree of scorer agreement. ex/ 2 people judging gymnastic routine what's the degree b/w them. objectives is the degree b/w scores. it looks at who's scoring test. reliability look at person who takes the test.
adminstator person giving test introduced error. ex/ they give infor to a kid but not to all
equipment not working right
what are the two components with scorer
the same person grades the same test two different times
two different people grades the same test what the degree of agreement b/w two scores