Medical Terminology Uninary System Quiz

53 terms by 707mom 

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homeostasis

process through which the body maintains a constant internal enviroment

urea

major waste product of protein metabolism

kidneys

constantly filter the blood to remove waste products and excess water; located retroperitoneally with one on each side of the vertebral column below the diaphram

renal cortex

outer region of the kidney

cortex

outer portion of an organ

medulla

inner region of kidney; contains most of the urine-collecting tubules

nephron

functional unit of the kidney

glomerulus

a cluster of capillaries surrounded by a cup-shaped membrane called the Bowman's capsule

renal pelvis

funnel-shaped area within each kidney that is surrounded by renal cortex and medulla

ureters

two narrow tubes which transport urine from kidney to bladder

urinary bladder

hollow muscular organ that is a reservoir for urine before it is excreted from the body

urethral meatus

external opening of the urethra

urination

normal process of excreting urine

nephrologist

physician specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of kidneys

urologist

physcian specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of urinary system (female) and genitournary system (male)

uremia

toxic condition resulting from renal failure in which kidney function is compromised and urea is retained in the blood

nephrotic syndrome

condition in which very high levels of protein are lost in the urine and abnormally low levels of protein are present in the blood

anuria

absence of urine formation by kidneys

hypoproteinemia

presence of abnormally low concentrations of proein in the blood

hydronephrosis

dilation (swelling) of one or both kidneys

nephrectasis

distension of the pelvis of the kidney

nephritis

inflammation of the kidney or kidneys

nephropyosis

suppuration of the kidney

nephrolithiasis

presence of stones in the kidney

cystolith

stone located within the urinary bladder

ureterectasis

distention of the ureter

pyelitis

inflammation of the renal pelvis

pyelonephritis

inflammation of both the renal pelvis and kidney

cystalgia

pain in urinary bladder

interstitial cystitis

chronic inflammation within the walls of the bladder

paraspadias

congenital abnormality in males, urethral opening is on the side of the penis

diuresis

increased output of urine

dysuria

difficult or painful urination

nocturnal enuresis

urinary incontinence during sleep

nocturia

excessive urination during the night

oliguria

scanty urination

polyuria

excessive urination

incontinence

inability to control excretion of urine and feces

urinalysis

examination of urine to determine the presence of abnormal elements

KUB

radiographic study of the kidney, ureter, and bladder without the use of contrast medium

diuretics

medication adminstered to increase urine secretion in order to rid the body of excess water and salt

hemodialysis

process by which waste products are filtered directly from patient's blood

continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis

provides ongoing dialysis as patient goes about his or her daily activities

nephropexy

surgical fixation of a floating kidney

pyelotomy

surgical incision into renal pelvis

extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy

destruction of stones with the use of high-energy ultrasonic waves traveling through water or gel

nephrolithotomy

surgical removal of nephrolith (kidney stone) through an incision in the kidney

ureteroplasty

surgical repair of the ureter

cystopexy

surgical fixation of the bladder to the abdominal wall

cystorrhaphy

surgical suturing of the bladder

catheterization

performed to withdraw urine for diagnostic purposes, to control incontinence, or to place fluid, such as a chemotherapy solution, into bladder

urethral catherterization

performed by inserting a tube along the urethra and into the bladder

meatotomy

surgical incision made in the urinary meatus to enlarge the opening

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