The European inventor of the printing press, which allowed books, including the Bible, to be printed quickly and cheaply. This innovation improved the spread of literacy, Renaissance ideas, and Marco Polo's book.
Italian merchant and traveler whose accounts of his (alleged) travels to China inspired interest in further trade and future exploration
a trip taken with the goal of exploring
Italian navigator who "discovered" the Americas and made claims in the New World for Spain while looking for a westward route to China
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.
Portuguese navigator who led the Spanish expedition of 1519-1522 that was the first to circumnavigate the world.
the Spanish soldier-explorers, especially those who conquered native peoples of Mexico and Peru
a new settlement or territory established and ruled (governed) by a country in another land
the area claimed by Spain that included Florida, the coast of the Gulf of Mexico, and land north of Mexico (present day regions of Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, & California)
a person who travel to spread his or her religious beliefs to others to make converts