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poetry

a type of literature that expresses ideas, feelings, or tells a story in a specific form (usually using lines and stanzas)

simile

a comparison of two things using "like, as, than" or "resembles"

metaphor

a direct comparison of two unlike things

extended metaphor

a metaphor that goes several lines or possibly the entire length of the work

implied metaphor

the comparison is hinted at but not clearly stated

symbolism

when a person, place, thing, or event has meaning in itself also represents, or stands for, something else

universal symbol

a symbol that is recognized at different times in history and across cultures as having a main meaning

diction

how all the words in a poem sound once they are placed against one another

denotation

the exact, literal definition of a word, the dictionary definition of the word without any emotional associations.

connotation

the suggested, implied emotional associations of a word

imagery

language that appeals to the senses. Most are visual, but they can also appeal to the senses of sound, touch, taste or smell.

point of view in poetry

Poet: is the author of the poem; Speaker: is the "narrator" of the poem

mood or tone

the speaker's attitude toward the subject revealed by the words he or she chooses.

hyperbole

exaggeration often used for emphasis

litotes

understatement- basically the opposite of hyperbole. Often it is ironic

Idiom

An expression where the literal meaning of the words is not the meaning of the expression. It means something other than what it actually says.

personification

An animal given human-like qualities or an object given life-like qualities

allusion

Is a reference to something famous

types of allusions

literary- when one work of literature refers to another work of literature; historical- when a work of literature refers to an historical event; biblical- when a work of literature refers to an event or character from the BIble

Apostrophe

An absent person or inanimate object is directly spoken to as though it or he was present

synecdoche

a part stands for the whole or vice versa

onomatopoeia

words that imitate the sounds they are naming

anaphora

the same words or phrases are repeated throughout the poem

alliteration

consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words

consonance

the repeated consonant sounds can be anywhere in the words

assonance

when the vowel sounds inside words are repeated

Cacophony

occurs when a group of words have harsh, grating sound

euphony

occurs when a group of words has a soft, pleasing sound

rhythm

the beat created by the sounds of the words in a poem

Inverted word order

the words of a poem are not in the usual grammatical construction

meter

a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables. Occurs when syllables of the words in a poem are arranged in a repeating pattern

Scansion

the process of marking the metrical pattern of a poem

foot

unit of meter. Can have two or three syllables. Consists of one stressed and one or more unstressed syllables.

free verse poetry

does not have any repeating patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables. Does not have rhyme. Very conversational-sounds like someone is talking with you. A more modern type of poetry.

blank verse poetry

written in lines of iambic pentameter, but does not use end rhyme

rhyme

words sound alike because the share the same ending vowel and consonant sounds.

exact rhyme

uses words with identical end sounds

end rhyme

a word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line

internal rhyme

a word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line

near rhyme

a.k.a. imperfect rhyme, close rhyme. The words share either the same vowel or consonant sound but not both

visual rhyme

occurs when words look like, rather than sound like they rhyme

rhyme scheme

is a pattern of rhyme (usually end rhyme, but not always)

refrain

a sound, word, phrase, or line repeated regularly in a poem

enjambed line

a line of poetry runs over into the next line in a poem without punctuation

lyric

a short poem. Usually written in first person point of view. Expresses an emotion or an idea or describes a scene. Do not tell a story are often musical

haiku

a japanese poem written in three lines. five syllables, seven syllables, five syllables.

cinquain

a five line poem containing 22 syllables

ballad

a type of narrative poetry content is usually about: love, adventure and relationships

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