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Part 2 Test Chapters 5-8

Broadly defined,____ is the art of running an implement that leaves a mark over a surface

Drawing

With a drawing, the quality of line and the nature of shading are very much affected by the ____ of the support

Texture

Rembrandt copied _____ but added some additional features to his own sketched version

Leonardo da Vinci's Last Supper

Michelangelo's Studies for the Libyan Sybil is a good example of a drawing that was meant to be used ______

As a sketch to record an idea

The unforgiving medium of ____was widely used for drawing from the late Middle Ages to the early 1500's, when it was largely replaced by the lead pencil.

Silverpoint

In silverpoint drawings, the drawing surface must be coated with a ground of______

bone dust or chalk mixed with gum, water, and pigment

A form of charcoal was used by our primitive ancestors to create images on _____

cave walls

The effects of ____when each is drawn against a paper surface are very similar

charcoal, chalk, and pastel

Claudio Bravo's Package is an excellently executed trompe l' oeil drawing that presents the illiusion of a package wrapped in _____

crumpled blue paper and string

From the Latin for "blood" _____is the name associated with an earthy red chalk color

sanguine

Edgar Degas was one of the masters of pastel drawing in 19th century France. In ____ Degas depicted one of his favorite subjects

Woman at her Toilette

Jaune Quick-to-See Smith's The Enviroment: Be a Shepherd is reminiscent of a ____ due to its simple forms and sketchy manner

mental sketchbook

Many of the artist Chuck Close's unidealized portraits, such as Self Portrait/Conte Crayon, are based on a ____, which produces blurry photographic likenesses

grid transfer method

The oldest known type of ink is India or China ink, made from a solution of ____

carbon black and water

Pen and ink are used to create drawings, such as Jean Dubuffet's Garden, that are essentially_____

linear

_____artists are masters of the brush-and ink medium. They have used it for centuries for all types of________

Japenese; Calligraphy

The medium of brush and wash is more versitile than brush and ink, as seen in Leonardo da Vinci's Study of Drapery. It is so realistic that it is almost_____

photographic

In its original meaning, a _____was a full-scale preliminary drawing executed on paper for projectssuch as frescoes, stained glasss, oil paintings, or tapestries

cartoon

Which of the following drawing materials CANNOT be smudged or rubbed for a hazy effect

silverpoint

Honor`e Daumier's pen and ink drawing, The Three Lawyers, is a caricatured illustration of ____

pompous, superficial lawyers

The binding agent that powdered pigment is mixed with to form paint is known as the ___

vehicle

True fresco, or ______, is executed on damp ______

buon fresco; lime plaster

In Giotto's 14th century painting Lamentation, joints can clearly be seen that break the blue sky into numerous sections. This occurred because of the ____

limitations of fresco

The ancient Egyptians and Greeks tinted their sculptures with ____ to give them a lifelike appearance.

encaustic

While painting the Egypto-Roman Mummy Portrait of a Man, the artist found it necessary to keep the ____at a constant tempature.

molten wax

The traditional composition of tempera, rarely used today, consisted of ____

egg, pigment, and water

____was the exclusive painting medium of artists during the Middle Ages

tempera

In both tempera abd oil painting, the surface of the wood or canvas is covered with a ground of powdered chalk or plaster and animal glue known as ____

gesso

Fifteenth- century artist Gentile da Fabriano applied thinly hammered sheets of gold to his Adoration of the Magi tempera panel using a technique known as _____

gilding

The transition to oil paint in the 14th and 15th centuries was gradual. For many years, it was only used for ____in order to give the paintings a high sheen.

glazing

Rembrandt used_____ to create his oil-on-board painting of the Head of St. Matthew

impasto

When a painter's oil paint becomes too thinck, he has to thin it with a ______

medium of turpentine

Pop artist Roy Lichtenstein's portrait of George Washington is an oil-on canvas image that most resembles a(n)

comic-book hero

_____is a mixture of pigment and a synthetic resin vehicle that can be thinned with water

Acrylic

Helen Oji's Mount St. Helen's is an opaque impasto composition in the shape of a _____

Japenese kimono

Contemporry watercolor is referred to as ____,made up of pigments and a vehicle of ____

aquarelle; gum arabic

____was the principal painting medium during the Byzantine and Romanesque eras of Christian art.

Gouache

The fluidity and portability of watercolor has often lent itself to _____

rapid sketches and preparatory studies

Miriam Schapiro's Maid of Honour is a paint-and fabric construction that she labeled

femmage

Gilbert Stuart's 18th century traditional portrait of George Washington achieves a realistic likeness largely through

modeling

The working surface from which a print is made is called a ____

matrix

The oldest form of printmaking is _____, and most likely the first people to use it were the ancient _____

woodcut; Chinese

Zhao Xiaomo's Family by the Lotus Pond is a ____. The areas that were NOT meant to be printed were carved out_____the surface of the wood.

woodcut; below

Woodcuts make use of the flat surface of wooden boards, but wood engravings use the end sections of the boards, yeilding a _____surface

hard, non-directional

In Paul Landacre's Growing Corn, we see a good example of the ______that can be obtained from the skillful use of wood engraving.

precise lines and tonal gradations

Intaglio prints are made from ____into which lines have been incised.

metal plates

In the ___process, the artist creates clean-cut lines on a plate of copper,zinc, or steel by forcing a sharp burin across the surface with the heel of the hand

engraving

In creating his Christ Crucified between Two Theives, Rembrandt used a drypoint needle in order to create ______

Soft, velvety lines

Etching is an intaglio process in which the matrix is covered with a waxy substance and the design is drawn into the substance. The completed matrix drawing is then put into a(n)

acid bath that etches the exposed areas of the matrix

_____is the only printmaking process in which prints can be rendered in paint as well as ink.

serigraphy

Etching is a very versatile medium. In Henri Matisse's Loulou in a Flowered Hat, he used ____to represent the essential features of a woman

only a few uniformly etched lines

The popularity of relief printing declined with the introduction of the ___process, which did not appear until the 15th century

intaglio

In works such as her Untitled mixed-media print of Chinese girls, Hung Liu's purpose is to ____

highlight the degradation of previous generations of Chinese women.

Which of the following types of printmaking is NOT an essentially linear media?

Mezzotint

In the 17th century, a Dutchman developed a technique for mezzotint, from the Italian for ___, in which the metal plate is worked over with a multi-toothed tool called a ____

half-tint; hatcher

Mezzotint is rarely used because______

it is a painstaking and time consuming procedure.

In The Painter and His Model, Picasso was able to approximate the effects of mezzotint with a much simpler technique known as ______

aquatint

Aquatint is frequently used along with line etching to mimic the effects produced by _____

wash drawings

_____is the type of etching that can be used to produce the effects of crayon or pencil drawings

Soft-ground etching

The 20th century American abstract artist Josef Albers created Solo V, an inkless intaglio teqnique known as _____

gauffrage

The advent of the camera replaced the age-old need of art to imitate nature as closely as possible, and this change, in turn, led to the developmenmt of 20th century artistic______

abstraction

The word photography is derived from Greek roots that mean_______

to write with light

In both camera and the ____light enters a narrow opening and is projected onto a photosensitive surface.

lens

When a camera shutter opens for a few thousandths of a second over and over in a quick succession _____shots are being taken

candid

A(n)____magnifies faraway objects and collapses the spaces between ordinarily distant objects.

telephoto lens

The "active layer" of film contains a _____of small particles of_____

emulsion; silver halide

With a Polaroid camera, the photograph appears before your eyes. This is an example of ____film

color reversal

Higher quality photographs are said to have higher_____

resolution

The first photographic process to leave a permanent image was invented in 1826 and known as ______

heliography

The Artists Studio, taken in 1837 wAS THE FIRST PHOTOGRAPH OF ITS KIND AND WAS PRODUCED ON SILVER-PLATED COPPER BY______

Daguerre

William Henry Fox Talbot's first "photographic drawings" were eerie, delicate photographs of____produced from a ______

plants; negative

After the daguerreotype, the next major advance in the history of photography was the development of the ____process an example of which is Young Lady with an Umbrella

autochrome

By the 1850's photographic portrait studios became quite popular and began to serve the needs of_____

a grwoing middle class

Alexander Gardner's Home of a Rebel Sharpshooter, Gettysburg is a graphic photo taken during the ___probably from a camera in a wagon known as a _____

United States Civil War; Whatsit

Dorothea Lange's Migrant Mother is a touching photograph taken during the period of _______

The Great Depression

Margaret Bourke White wrote "using the camera was almost a relief; it interposed a slight barrier between myself and the white horror in front of me...." Here Bourke-White is describing_____

Buchenwald during the Holocaust

Edwar Steinchen's _____taken in 1906 is one of the foremost early examples of the photograph as a work of art

The Flatiron Building-Evening

William Wegman's Blue Period is a canine spoof on_____

Picasso's Old Guitarist

A flash or whirl of abrublty changing newspaper headlines meant to indicate the progression of time and events in a film is known as a_____

montage

Which classic early color film depicted real life in black and white and imaginary life in expressionostic color?

The Wizard of oz

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