BioMed Mod 9 Exam Review

59 terms by misty_pingel 

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calcium, phosphate

The main ions stored in bone are _________ and __________

abdominal

Which body cavity would have least amount of protection from the skeletal system?

yellow, red

Fat is stored in the _________ marrow; blood is produced in the ______ marrow

bone

The skeletal system consists mainly of _______ tissue

stem

Osteogenic cells are bone _______ cells

osteoblasts

Bone cells responsible for building new bones are ____________

resorption

Osteoclasts are cells that break down bone through the process of _____________

hydroxyapatite

____________ forms the inorganic, mineralized portion of the bone

collagen type 1

What is the primary organic constituent of bone?

blood and lymphatic

Central and Volkmann canals provide space for the __________ ____ ________ systems within compact bone.

interstitial

Compact ans spongy bone both have ___________ lamellae

joints

Hyaline cartilage is "glassy-like" and lines articular surfaces of _______ for smooth articulations

vertebral discs, pubic symphysis, meniscus

Fibrocartilage is found where there is limited movement. Examples of fibrocartilage would include:

elastic

What type of cartilage is found in the ear and in the epiglottis?

periosteum, dense irregular

What highly-innervated connective tissue covers the bone?

regular

Tendons and ligaments are composed of dense ________ connective tissue

bone

Ligaments connect bone to _________

muscle

Tendons connect bone to __________

epiphysis

Secondary ossification centers can be found in the developing __________ bones

lengthen

The epiphyseal plate allows bones to ________

18 for females, 21 for males

The epiphyseal plate typically closes by ages _______________

osteblasts, osteclasts

Bone remodeling involves activity of both ___________ and ____________

raise

High levels of parathyroid hormone will cause blood calcium levels to ________

articular

Osteoarthritis involves the loss of __________ cartilage

human growth hormone

Which hormone promotes the elongation of long bones?

osteoblast

Moderate "stress" on the skeletal system will encourage _________ activity

extremities

The appendicular skeletal includes all the bones of the ____________ and the bones that support them

skull

The axial skeleton includes the rib cage, vertebrae, and ________ bones

long bones

The phalanges are in which class of bones?

pattela

An example of sesamoid bone would be the ___________

irregular

The vertebrae are in which class of bones?

flat

The ribs, skull, and scapula are examples of _______ bones

appendicular

Short bones are found in the ___________ skeleton

skull

Wormian bones are found in the suture line of the ________ bones

cervicle

There are seven _________ vertebrae

sacral, coccyx

What regions of the vertebral column are fused?

atlas

C1 is also known as the ________

costal

Ribs attach directly or indirectly to the ribs with ________ cartilage

directly

True ribs are ________ attached to the sternum

vertebrae, sternum

Floating ribs attach to the ________ but not to the ________

thoracic

The numbers of ribs pairs is the same as the number of _________ vertebrae

window

A foramen is best defined as a _________ in bone for blood vessels or nerves

shallow

A fossa is a ________ depression in bone

round

Condyles are _______, articular surfaces of bones

spine

Spinous processes are prominent on the _______

femur

The great trochanter is a large prominence found on the proximal end of the _______

potato like bump

Tuberosity is a Latin term that means _______ ______ _______

greater

The female pelvis has a pubic arch angle that is _________ than 90 degrees

male

A rigid, more concave coccyx and pubic symphysis is characteristic of a ________ pelvis

functional

Amphiarthrosis, diarthrosis and synarthosis are ____________ joint classifications

anatomical/structural

Fibrous, cartilaginous, and synovial are ___________ joint classifications

fibrous, synarthrotic

A fibrous, non-moveable joint would be structurally classified as _________ and functionally classified as _____________ joints

fibrous, amphiarthrosis

The interosseus membranes between the tibia and fibula and radius and ulna are both _________, _________ joints

tooth, maxilla, mandible

Gomphosis describes a joint that bind a ________ to the ________ or ________ bone

decreases

Flexion __________ the angle of a joint

adduction

A motion that results in the movement of an appendage closer to midline is ___________

circular

Circumduction involves a ________ movement

decrease

Elevated calcitonin levels will cause a ___________ in blood calcium levels

sprain

Microscopic tears in ligament or tendon is called a _________

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