Ch. 8 Review Anatomy

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Bones

Ankle bone

Navicular

Coxal bones

ilium, ischium, pubis

Longest & heaviest bone in body

femur

only direct connection between the pectoral girdle and the axial skeleton

clavicle articulates with the manubrium

Talus contacts the...

calcaneus and navicular

Not a characteristic of male pelvis

angle of pubic arch greater than 100 degrees

structure labeled 2

greater trochanter

Articulates with acetabulum

5: femoral head

The ________ of the radius helps stabilize the wrist joint.

styloid process

Tom stumbles and injures his hallux. What part of his anatomy is injured?

his foot

largest component coxal bone

ilium

bones that form the palm

metacarpals

clavicle articulates with the scapula at the

acromion

not a component of the appendicular skeleton?

None of the above

Compared to the hand, the foot

has fewer metatarsals than the hand has metacarpals.

Greater sciatic notch is a feature on the

ischium

Not a part of the pelvis

lumbar vertebrae

most commonly fractured in a fall

navicular

sacrum articulates with

ilium

hip muscles attach posteriorly to the femur

greater trochanter

bones named for wedge shape

8 - cuneiform

structure labeled 1

coracoid process

diaphysis of femur

7 - shaft

lateral border of the shaft of the humerus

deltoid tuberosity

medial bulge at your ankle is projection from

tibia

Lateral to the coronoid process, the radial ________ accommodates the head of the radius in the
radio-ulnar joint.

notch

Not part of appendicular skeleton

sacrum

where humerus is most often fractured

6 - neck

longest bone

femur

first toe

hallux

The pubic and ischial rami encircle the

obturator foramen

not formed by the fusion of several bones?

femur

The clavicle articulates with the scapula

distally with the acromial process and proximally with the manubrium.

The bones that give the hand a wide range of motion are the

carpals

largest bone of the lower limb

femur

Which surface feature(s) along the ilium mark(s) attachment sites for large hip muscl

iliac spines

which is the acromion

5 - acromion

Which of the following is not a developmentally controlled process?

bone remodeling

Compared to the male skeleton, the female skeleton

has a greater angle inferior to the pubic symphysis and/has a smaller average cranium.

This skeleton is probably from

a young male

Which of these constitutes the pectoral girdle?

clavicles and scapulae

Which of these adapts the pectoral girdle to a wide range of movement?

relatively weak joints

Which structure articulates with the glenoid cavity?

5 - head

bones labeled "9."

metatarsals

The bones that form the fingers are the

phalanges

closest to the jugular notch

proximal end of clavicle

What bone articulates with the coxal bone at the acetabulum?

femur

The glenohumeral joint, or shoulder joint, is an articulation between which two bones?

scapula and humerus

On which bone does the tibia press?

2

Which of these features is located near the proximal end of the humerus?

greater tubercle

Each hand has ________ phalangeal bones.

14

structure labeled "9."

medial epicondyle

There are ________ carpal bones located in the wrist, which form ________ rows of bones in the
wrist.

8;2

structure labeled "2."

glenoid cavity

Which structure does the radius rotate upon?

3

When seated, the weight of the body is borne by the

ischial tuberosities

The tarsus contains ________ bones.

7

The radius articulates with the 59

all of the above

Identify the bone labeled "1."

calcaneus

Which of the following is not a lower limb bone?

fibia

Identify the structure labeled "12."

linea aspera

The pelvic organs are mostly found within the

iliac fossa

The clearest distinction between a male and female skeleton is seen in the characteristics of the

pelvis

The lateral malleolus is found on the

fibula

What bone articulates on the structure labeled "2"?

humerus

Which of the following are correct terms for the
borders?

superior and lateral border

A male has a ________ pelvic outlet when compared to the woman's pelvic outlet.

smaller

The Achilles tendon attaches to which anatomical structure?

calcaneus

The distal end of the tibia articulates with the

talus

In the anatomical position, the ulna is located ________ to the radius.

medial

Which of these surface features does the ulna possess?

all of the above

Which of the following is the heel bone?

calcaneus

The hand has 15 phalangeal bones; the foot has 14 phalangeal bones.

false;true

Study of human skeletons can reveal information concerning the person's

all of the above

The superior border of the ilium that acts as a point of attachment for both ligaments and muscles is
the

iliac crest

The clavicle articulates with the scapula

distally with the acromion.

The condition known as "flat feet" is due to a lower-than-normal longitudinal arch in the foot. A
problem with which of the following would most likely contribute to this condition?

weakness in the ligaments that attach the calcaneus to the distal ends of the metatarsals

When the arm is straight, which structure accepts the olecranon?

8

Which of the following is a not characteristic of the female pelvis?

coccyx points anteriorly

Which of the following is not an upper limb bone?

metatarsals

The three sides of this bone form a broad triangle.

scapula

a forearm bone?

radius

Each one of the coxal bones is formed by the fusion of ________ bones.

3

The depression on the posterior surface at the distal end of the humerus is the

olecranon fossa

When standing normally, most of your weight is transmitted to the ground by the

distal metarsals and calcaneus

The weight of the body is supported by the

distal metarsals and calcaneus.

Which of these is not one of the boundaries of the pelvic outlet?

iliac crest

Identify the structure labeled "7."

spine

The medial border of the fibula is bound to the ________ by the interosseous membrane.

tibia

Identify the structure labeled "3."

lateral condyle

Tina falls and fractures her pisiform bone. What part of her body was injured?

wrist

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