Renaissance Lit

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Renaissance Lit study for reed's class final exam

humanism

the doctrine emphasizing a person's capacity for self-realization through reason

renaissance

The great period of rebirth in art, literature, and learning in the 14th-16th centuries, which marked the transition into the modern periods of European history

Andreas Vesalius

physician who published the first accurate and detailed study of human anatomy

Nicholas copernicus

Wrote On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres; Pioneered theory that the earth revolves around the sun; Destroyed the impression that the earthly world was different from the heavenly world; Condemned by Calvin, Luther, and the Catholic Church; Had his book published in 1543, the year of his death, to avoid ridicule from other astronomers

leonardo da vinci

epitome of Renaissance man, Italian painter and sculptor and engineer and scientist and architect

Desiderius Erasmus

Dutch humanist and theologian who was the leading Renaissance scholar of northern Europe

The Reformation

the movement which sought to reform certain corrupt practices of the Catholic Church and which led to Protestantism.

Giovanni Boccaccio

wrote the decameron, He was an Italian writer and was the first Renaissance humanist. In 1300s, he discovered letters written by Roman politicians and books writtn by Greek philosophers. He said that writers should use an easily understood style.

Niccolo Machiavelli

(1469-1527) Wrote The Prince which contained a secular method of ruling a country. "End justifies the means."

sonnet

a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme

Francesco Petrarca

an Italian poet famous for love lyrics (1304-1374), one of the first to sue the sonnet, wrote about Laura

Gargantua and Pantagruel

François Rabelais

The Decameron

collection of stories grouped loosely within a frame story about 10 young Florentines who have fled to a country villa in the hills while the plague in the hills

Don Quixote

made ot make fun of knights in popular romances

Sancho Panza

Don Quixote's sidekick

Miguel De Cervantes

Spanish writer best remembered for 'Don Quixote' which satirizes chivalry and influenced the development of the novel form (1547-1616)

The Essays

written by Michel de Montaigne during his retirement

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