HISTORY ALIVE! 6TH GRADE UNIT 1 TEST

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CHAPTER 1, 3, 4, 5, AND 6

SOCIAL SCIENTISTS

ARCHEOLOGIST, HISTORIAN, AND GEOGRAPHER

ARCHEOLOGIST

SOCIAL SCIENTIST THAT STUDIES ARTIFACTS FROM THE PAST (DIG)

HISTORIAN

SOCIAL SCIENTIST THAT RECORDS THE PAST AND STUDIES DOCUMENTS

GEOGRAPHER

SOCIAL SCIENTIST THAT STUDIES NATURAL FEATURES AND MAPS THE PAST

IMPORTANCE OF CAVE PAINTINGS

TELL STORIES OR INFORMATION ON HOW THINGS WERE DONE IN PALEOLITHIC AGE

CAVE PAINTINGS SHOW...

- ANIMALS THAT ROAMED THE EARTH
- HOW PEOPLE HUNTED
- WHAT PEOPLE BELIEVED
- RITUALS

HOW CAVE PAINTINGS WERE CREATED

- USED SHARPENED STONES TO SCULPT AND ENGRAVE
-MADE PAINTS BY GRINDING COLORED MINERALS INTO POWDER AND MIXING WITH ANIMAL FAT

OTHER ARTIFACTS FOUND THAT PROVIDED CLUES ABOUT THE PAST

- SPEAR THROWER - USED FOR HUNTING; DECORATION MAY SHOW GOOD LUCK CHARM OR WHO OWNED IT
- CLAY SCULPTURE - MAY SHOW THAT WHO CAVE BELONGED TO OR IMPORTANT CEREMONY HELD IN CAVE

WHERE STONE AGE GETS ITS NAME

FROM THE TOOLS PEOPLE MADE OF STONE

STONE AGE STARTED

ABOUT 2 MILLION YEARS AGO

TWO PERIODS OF STONE AGE

PALEOLITHIC AND NEOLITHIC

TIME PERIOD OF PALEOLITHIC - OLD STONE AGE

2 MILLION YEARS AGO - ABOUT 8000 B.C.E.

TIME PERIOD OF NEOLITHIC - NEW STONE AGE

ABOUT 8000 B.C.E. - 3000 B.C.E.

FARMING DURING THE PALEOLITHIC AGE

- DIDN'T EXIST
- THEY WERE HUNTERS AND GATHERERS
- BEGAN IN NEOLITHIC AGE

LIFE DURING PALEOLITHIC AGE

- MADE TOOLS OUT OF STONE
- HUNTED/GATHERED
- LIVED IN CAVES
- DIDN'T STAY IN ONE PLACE FOR LONG

LIFE DURING NEOLITHIC AGE

- GROUPS OF PEOPLE RAISED ANIMALS AND CROPS FOR FOOD
- BUILT PERMANENT SHELTERS AND FORMED LARGER COMMUNITIES

STARTED THE NEOLITHIC AGE

FARMING

ENDED THE NEOLITHIC AGE

DEVELOPMENT OF METAL TOOLS

MAJOR DEVELOPMENT/DISCOVERY THAT CAUSED THE CHANGE FROM PALEOLITHIC TO NEOLITHIC

- AGRICULTURE - LEARNING TO RAISE CROPS AND DOMESTICATE ANIMALS

WHY FARMING IS IMPORTANT AND HOW IT HAPPENED

- CREATED STABLE FOOD SUPPLY
- GRADUALLY LEARNED TO RAISE ANIMALS AND PLANT CROPS

LOCATION OF NEOLITHIC SETTLEMENTS

MANY LOCATED EAST OF MEDITERRANEAN SEA

NEOLITHIC AGE - STABLE FOOD SUPPLY

- DOMESTICATED ANIMALS - USED FOR MILK, MEAT, AND WORK
- GROWING CROPS - LEARNED WHICH SEEDS PRODUCED MOST CROPS WHERE THEY LIVED

NEOLITHIC AGE - PERMANENT SHELTERS

- MUD BRICKS TO BUILD ROUND OR RECTANGULAR HOUSES
- STONES/TREE BRANCHES TO STRENGTHEN WALLS AND ROOF
- OPENINGS HIGH IN THE WALLS

NEOLITHIC AGE - COMMUNITIES

- SETTLED DOWN NEAR FARMS
- DIVIDED WORK OF PRODUCING FOOD, BUILDING HOUSES, AND MAKING TOOLS

NEOLITHIC AGE - NEW JOBS

- ABLE TO DEVELOP MORE SPECIALIZED SKILLS SINCE FARMS PROVIDED FOOD
- WANTED TO MAKE THINGS MORE BEAUTIFUL, NOT JUST SURVIVE
- BECAME MORE SKILLED AND DEVELOPED NEW AND BETTER WAY OF DOING THINGS

NEOLITHIC AGE - TRADING

- WANTED MATERIALS TO IMPROVE THINGS THEY MADE
- TRAVELED HUNDREDS OF MILES
- MAKE USE OF MORE RESOURCES AND SPREAD IDEAS/KNOWLEDGE AROUND ANCIENT WORLD

SUMERIAN IRRIGATION SYSTEM

- BUILT EARTH WALLS CALLED LEVEES
- POKED HOLES TO RELEASE WATER

SUMERIAN GOVERNMENT

- LED BY KINGS
- MADE THEIR PEOPLE BELIEVE THAT THE KINGS WERE CHOSEN BY THE GODS OR ARE GODS

SUMERIAN RELIGION

...

CONNECTION BETWEEN SUMERIAN GOV'T AND RELIGION

- KINGS MADE THEIR PEOPLE BELIEVE THAT THEY WERE EITHER GODS OR CHOSEN BY THE GODS
- WAS THE KING'S DUTY TO BUILD AND MAINTAIN ZIGGURATS

ZIGGURATS

- TEMPLES AND RELIGIOUS TOWERS BUILT BY SUMERIANS FOR THE GODS

OR

- AN ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIAN TEMPLE TOWER

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