MT FINAL Chapters8-14

245 terms by cpenzien

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gall

The combining form chol/e means?

regurgitation

What is the medical term for the return of fluids and solids from the stomach into the mouth?

small intestine

The combining form enter/o means?

mouth

The combining form or/o means?

sigmoid/o

Which combining form stands for a section of the colon?

hiatal hernia

Protrusion of the stomach through the diaphragm and into the thoracic cavity is a(n)?

epiglottis

The tissue that covers the larynx and trachea so food does not enter the lungs is called the?

pyloric sphincter

The ring of muscles at the opening between the stomach and the duodenum is the?

appendix

The small worm-like outgrowth at the end of the cecum is called the?

liver

The organ that produces bile is the?

gall bladder

The organ that stores bile is the?

diverticulitis

The diagnostic term that means "inflammation of a blind pouch or sac in the colon" is?

fundus

The upper region of the stomach is called the?

palatine

Which of the following is NOT a salivary gland?

polyphagia

Build a medical term meaning "excessive eating."

volvulus

The diagnostic term for twisting or kinking of the intestine causing intestinal obstruction is?

cholelithiasis

Build a medical term meaning "abnormal condition of gallstones."

enteritis

Build a medical term meaning "inflammation of the small intestine."

cholecystectomy

Build a medical term meaning "excision of the gallbladder."

cirrhosis

The diagnostic term for chronic disease of the liver with gradual destruction of cells is?

colonoscopy

Build a medical term meaning "procedure to visually examine the colon."

cholecystitis

The diagnostic term that means inflammation of the gallbladder is?

intravenous cholangiography

The diagnostic test in which dye is administered in order to visualize the bile ducts is called a(n)?

esophagostomy

Build a medical term meaning "surgical creation of an opening into the esophagus."

upper GI

The medical term for a series of x-ray films taken of the stomach and duodenum after barium has been swallowed is?

cheilorrhaphy

Build a medical term meaning "suture the lip."

dyspepsia

Build a medical term meaning "difficult digestion."

caries

What is the medical term for tooth decay?

anorexia

A general term meaning "loss of appetite" is?

hemorrhoids

Varicose veins of the rectum are called?

liver scan

Which imaging technique listed below utilizes radioactive substances?

anastomosis

Which surgical term listed below "means to create a passageway between two organs"?

NPO

Which abbreviation means "nothing by mouth"?

proct/o

The combining form that means "rectum and anus" is?

inflammation of the gums

The diagnostic term gingivitis is defined as?

protrusion of the bladder

The diagnostic term cystocele is defined as?

bladder

The combining form cyst/o means?

renal pelvis

The combining form pyel/o means?

hydronephrosis

The diagnostic term that means "distention of the renal pelvis due to urine collecting in the kidney" is?

conditions of stones in the kidney

The diagnostic term nephrolithiasis is defined as?

urination

Another term for micturition is?

stimulation

Which of the following is NOT one of the stages of urine production?

fats

Which of the following substances is NOT associated with disease if it is found in the urine?

cystalgia

Build a medical term meaning "pain in the bladder."

cystorrhagia

Build a medical term meaning "bleeding from the bladder."

nephrostomy

The surgical term for creation of an artificial opening into the kidney is?

lith/o

The combining form that means stone is?

narrowing of the ureter

The medical term ureterostenosis means?

cystoscopy

Which medical term would be used to mean "visual examination of the bladder"?

pyeloplasty

Build a medical term meaning "surgical repair of the renal pelvis."

anuria

The medical term that means "complete absence of urine" is?

reduced amount of urination

The medical term oliguria means?

pyuria

Build a medical term that means "pus in the urine."

painful urination

The medical term dysuria means?

blood in the urine

The medical term hematuria is defined as?

urinalysis

A laboratory test that consists of a physical, chemical, and microscopic exam of urine is called a(n)?

urethralgia

Build a medical term meaning "urethra pain."

cortex

The outer portion of the kidney is called the?

pyelonephritis

Inflammation of the renal pelvis and the kidney is?

ureter

Which structure carries urine from the kidneys to the bladder?

cystotomy

The surgical term that means "incision into the bladder" is?

nephrons

Urine formation takes place in the?

intravenous pyelogram

The medical term that means "x-ray film of the renal pelvis with a contrast medium injected into a vein" is?

hilum

The area where the renal artery enters and the renal vein leaves the kidney is the?

renal pelvis

The main collection point for urine as it is formed is/are the?

urethritis

An inflammation of the urethra is called?

Bowman's capsule

The cup-like structure surrounding the glomerulus is called?

incontinence

The medical term for the involuntary release of urine is urinary?

catheterization

The insertion of a tube through the urethra and into the bladder is called?

U/A

The abbreviation for urinalysis is?

vagina

The combining form colp/o means?

ovary

The combining form oophor/o means?

testes

The combining form orch/o means?

glans penis

The combining form balan/o means?

fallopian tube

Which organ is NOT part of the female external genitalia?

breast

The combining form mast/o is defined as?

neonatology

Build a medical term meaning "study of newborn."

perineum

The region between the vaginal opening and the anus is termed the?

multigravida

The medical term meaning "more than one pregnancy" is?

puberty

The beginning of menstruation and the ability to reproduce is known as?

gestation

The length of time from conception to birth - generally nine months - is called?

menorrhagia

The medical term for excessive bleeding during the menstrual period is?

dysmenorrhea

The medical term for difficult menstrual flow (cramping) is?

dystocia

The diagnostic term that means "difficult labor and childbirth" is?

placenta tears away from the uterine wall prematurely

The medical term "abruptio placenta" means?

fibroid tumor

The diagnostic term that means the same as "benign growth or tumor in the uterus" is?

suture of the vulva

The surgical term episiorrhaphy is defined as?

pelvimetry

Measurement of the pelvic area to see if the fetus can be delivered vaginally is called?

fimbriae

The finger-like projections of the ends of the fallopian tubes are called?

embryo

Between implantation and the end of the eighth week, the baby is correctly referred to as a(n)?

miscarriage

Another medical term meaning "spontaneous abortion" is?

amniocentesis

The term for a surgical puncture of the amniotic sac to remove amniotic fluid is?

cryptorchidism

The failure of the testes to descend into the scrotal sac before birth is known as?

destruction of sperm

The medical term spermatolysis means?

balantis

Build a medical term meaning "inflammation of the glans penis."

vasectomy

The male sterilization procedure whereby a segment of the vas deferens is removed is called a?

castration

The medical term for excision of the testicles in the male or the ovaries in the female is?

hydrocele

An accumulation of fluid within the testes is called?

urethra

The structure that is shared by the urinary and male reproductive systems is the?

prepuce

The medical term for the foreskin is?

aspermia

Build a medical term meaning "state of no sperm."

prostate cancer

The PSA procedure provides a screening test for?

anorchism

The diagnostic term that means "absence of testes" is?

PI

The abbreviation that means "delivery of the first infant" is?

TURP

Which abbreviation stands for a surgical procedure to treat BPH?

gland

The combining form aden/o means?

secrete

The combining form crin/o

aldosterone

The hormone that regulates fluid volume and electrolytes (sodium and potassium) is?

cortisol

The hormone that aids the body in regulating carbohydrates is?

lacrimal

Which of the following is NOT an endocrine gland?

pancreas and insulin

Which gland and hormone decrease the level of glucose in the blood?

thyroid and calcitonin

Which gland and hormone stimulate the deposition of calcium into bone?

antidiuretic hormone

Which hormone is NOT secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland?

epinephrine

The hormone that assists the body to deal with stress and emergency conditions is?

on top of the kidneys

The adrenal glands are located?

metabolism

The sum of all physical and chemical changes taking place in the body is called?

pituitary

Which gland is sometimes referred to as the "master gland"?

thymus

Which gland is especially important in the development of the immune system?

testes

Which gland secretes testosterone?

Type 1

Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus is known as?

excess potassium in the blood

The diagnostic term hyperkalemia is defined as?

oxytocin

The hormone that stimulates uterine contractions is?

glycosuria

Build a medical term meaning "sugar in the urine."

tetany

The diagnostic term for a condition of painful muscle cramps resulting from a low amount of calcium in the blood is?

hirsutism

The medical term for the condition of having an excessive amount of hair is?

diabetes mellitus

The chronis disorder of carbohydrate metabolism which results in hyperglycemia and glycosuria is?

hypoglycemia

The diagnostic term that means "low level of sugar in the blood" is?

hyperthyroidism

Build a medical term meaning "excessive activity of the thyroid."

hyercalcemia

Build a medical term meaning "excessive calcium in the blood."

surgical removal of the thymus gland

A thyrectomy is the?

blood tests used to measure the levels of T3, T4, and TSH

Thyroid function tests are?

Cushing's syndrome

The disease charecterized by hypersecretion by the adrenal cortex is?

thyroid gland

Goiter is an enlargement of the?

abnormal state of extreme thirst

The medical term polydipsia is defined as?

thyrotoxicosis

The diagnostic term for an abnormal condition of poisoning caused by excessive thyroid gland activity is?

adrenomegaly

Build a medical term meaning "enlarged adrenal gland."

euthyroid

A medical term meaning "normal thyroid" is?

diabetes insipidus

The diagnostic term for the result of decreased activity of the antidiuretic hormone from the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland is?

BMR

Which of the following abbreviations is NOT a hormone?

FSH

Which of the following abbreviations is NOT a diagnostic test?

head

The combining form cephal/o means?

glue

The combining form gli/o means?

pia mater

The thin innermost layer of the meninges is the?

lack of muscle coordination

The medical term ataxia is defined as?

ganglion

A knotlike mass of nerve tissue located outside the brain and spinal cord is a(n)?

carry impulses to the brain and spinal cord

Afferent neurons?

cerebrum

The largest section of the brain is the?

diencephalon

The section of the brain that contains the thalamus and hypothalamus is the?

cerebrum

The section that processes our thoughts, judgement, and memory is the?

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