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obliterate

destroy completely; wipe out; Ex. obliterate the village

oblivion

obscurity; condition of being completely forgotten; forgetfulness

obloquy

slander; disgrace; infamy

obscure

dark; vague; unclear; not well known; Ex. obscure meaning/village; V: darken; cover; make unclear; Ex. obscure the moon/meaning

obsequious

slavishly attentive; servile; full of servile compliance; sycophantic

obsequy

funeral ceremony

obsessive

related to thinking about something constantly; of an obsession; preoccupying; N. obsession: compulsive preoccupation with a fixed idea; compulsive idea; V. obsess: preoccupy the mind of excessively

obsidian

black volcanic rock

obsolete

outmoded; no longer used

obstetrician

physician specializing in delivery(assisting in giving birth) of babies; N. obstetrics; CF. midwife

obstinate

stubborn; hard to control or treat; Ex. obstinate cough; N. obstinacy

obstreperous

boisterous; noisy and uncontrollable

obtuse

blunt; not sharp; stupid; slow in understanding

OBVIATE

to prevent; to make unnecessary

obviate

make unnecessary; get rid of; Ex. obviate the need

Occident

the West

OCCLUDE

to stop up; prevent the passage of

occult

mysterious; secret; supernatural; beyond human comprehension; CF. mysterious to human ?; OP. bare

oculist

physician who specializes in treatment of the eyes

odorous

having an odor

offensive

attacking; insulting; distasteful; V. offend: violate; hurt the feelings of; N. offense: offending; violating of a moral or social code; crime; attack; Ex. first offense

offhand

casual; done without prior thought or preparation

OFFICIOUS

too helpful; meddlesome

oligarchy

government by a privileged few

ominous

threatening; of an evil omen

omnipotent

all-powerful; having unlimited power

omnipresent

universally present; ubiquitous

ONEROUS

troublesome and oppressive; burdensome

onslaught

vicious assault; fierce attack; Ex. unexpected onslaught of the enemy

OPAQUE

impossible to see through; preventing the passage of light

opaque

dark; not transparent; N. opacity

opiate

medicine to induce sleep or deaden pain; something that relieves emotions or causes inaction; sleep-producing drug containing opium

OPINE

to express an opinion

opportune

timely; well-chosen

opportunist

individual who sacrifices principles for expediency by taking advantage of circumstances; N. opportunism

OPPROBRIUM

public disgrace

optician

maker and seller of eyeglasses

optimist

person who looks on the bright side; N. optimism

optimum

most favorable; optimal; N: most favorable condition

optional

not compulsory; left to one's choice; N. option: act of choosing; choice; freedom or power to choose; something available as a choice; Ex. have no option; Ex. two options

optometrist

one who fits glasses to remedy visual defects

opulence

extreme wealth; luxuriousness; abundance; ADJ. opulent: possessing great wealth; abundant

orator

public speaker

oratorio

dramatic poem set to music; long musical work with singing but without acting; CF. cantata

ordeal

severe trial or affliction; difficult experience; trial(test of patience or endurance); affliction

ordinance

decree; authoritative order

orient

get one's bearings; adjust; make familiar with a situation; orientate

orientation

act of finding oneself in society; orienting

ornate

excessively or elaborately decorated

OROTUND

pompous

orthodox

traditional; (of someone) conservative in belief; adhering to an established doctrine

oscillate

vibrate pendulumlike; waver

OSSIFY

to change into bone; to become hardened or set in a rigidly conventional pattern

OSTENSIBLE

apparent

ostensible

apparent; appearing as such; professed(pretended); pretended; Ex. ostensible purpose of the expedition

OSTENTATION

excessive showiness

outlandish

bizzare; peculiar; unconventional

outmoded

no longer in fashion or use; no longer stylish; old-fashioned

outrage

act of extreme violence or viciousness; resentful anger; V: commit an outrage on; produce anger in; ADJ. outrageous: offensive

outspoken

candid; blunt

outwit

outsmart; defeat by behaving more cleverly

overbearing

bossy; domineering and arrogant; decisively important; Ex. overbearing manner/importance; V. overbear: dominate

overt

open to view; public; not secret; CF. covert

OVERWROUGHT

agitated; overdone

ovoid

egg-shaped; CF. ovum; CF. ovulate

pachyderm

thick-skinned animal

pacifist

one opposed to force; antimilitarist; ADJ. N. pacifism: opposition to war as a means of resolving disputes

pacify

soothe; make calm or quiet; subdue; bring peace to

PALATIAL

relating to a palace; magnificent

palette

board on which painter mixes pigments(coloring matters)

PALLIATE

to make less serious; ease

PALLID

lacking color or liveliness

palpable

tangible; (of something bad) easily perceptible; obvious; Ex. palpable blunder

panacea

cure-all; remedy for all diseases

PANACHE

flamboyance or dash in style and action; verve

pandemic

widespread; affecting the majority of people; N: pandemic disease; CF. all people

pandemonium

wild tumult(commotion); wild noisy disorder; CF. Paradise Lost

PANEGYRIC

elaborate praise; formal hymn of praise

PANOPLY

impressive array

panoramic

denoting an unobstructed and comprehensive view; N. panorama: unbroken view of a wide area

pantomime

acting without dialogue; V.

papyrus

ancient paper made from stem of papyrus plant

paradigm

model; example that serves as a model; pattern; list of all the inflectional forms of a word

PARADOX

a contradiction or dilemma

paradox

something apparently contradictory in nature (that may nonetheless be true); statement that looks false but is actually correct

PARAGON

model of excellence or perfection

paragon

model of perfection; Ex. paragon of virtue

parallelism

state of being parallel; similarity; analogy

paramount

foremost in importance; supreme; CF. para-: beyond; above; Ex. paranormal

paramour

illicit lover

paranoia

psychosis marked by delusions of grandeur or persecution; N: ADJ: paranoid, paranoiac

paraphernalia

equipment; odds and ends used in a particular activity; personal belongings; Ex. photographic paraphernalia; CF. married woman's property exclusive of her dowry

PARE

to trim off excess; reduce

parity

equality; close resemblance; CF. disparate

PARLEY

discussion, usually b/w enemies

parody

humorous imitation; spoof; takeoff; travesty; V.

paroxysm

fit or attack of pain, laughter, rage; sudden outburst

PARRY

to ward off or deflect, especially by a quick-witted answer

parry

ward off a blow; deflect; Ex. He parried the unwelcome question very skillfully; N. CF. ¸·´Â´Ù´Â °³³äÀÌ ¾Æ´Ô

parsimony

stinginess; excessive frugality; ADJ. parsimonious

partial

incomplete; favoring one side over another; having a liking for something

partiality

state of being partial; inclination; favorable bias; special fondness; preference

partition

divide into parts

passive

not active; acted upon; receiving an action without acting in return; accepting without resistance

PASTICHE

piece of literature or music imitating other works

pastoral

rural; of rural life; idyllic; of a pastor

patent

obvious; easily seen; open for the public to read; of or protected by a patent; Ex. patent to everyone; N.

pathetic

causing sadness, compassion, pity; touching

PATHOGENIC

causing disease

pathological

pertaining to disease; N. pathology: study of disease

patriarch

father and ruler of a family or tribe

patronize

support; act superior toward; treat in a condescending manner; be a customer of; N. patron: one that supports; regular customer; N. patronage; CF. boycott

paucity

scarcity; dearth

pauper

very poor person

PECCADILLO

minor sin or offense

pecuniary

pertaining to money

pedagogue

teacher; CF. child leader

pedagogy

teaching; art of education

PEDANT

someone who shows off learning

pediatrician

physician specializing in children's diseases; N. pediatrics

peerless

having no equal; incomparable

PEJORATIVE

having bad connotations; disparaging

pendant(pendent)

hanging down from something; pending; N: ornament (hanging from a necklace etc.)

penitent

repentant; N.

PENURY

an oppressive lack of resource (as money); severe poverty

penury

extreme poverty; stinginess; ADJ. penurious: very poor; stingy

perceptive

insightful; showing a good ability at perceiving and understanding; aware; wise; of perception

PEREGRINATE

to wander from place to place; to travel, especially on foot

peregrination

journey; V. peregrinate

perennial

something long-lasting; perennial plant; ADJ: lasting through the year or many years; lasting for a long time; enduring

PERFIDIOUS

willing to betray one's trust

perfidious

treacherous; disloyal; N. perfidy: treachery

perforate

pierce; put a hole through

PERFUNCTORY

done in a routine way; indifferent

perfunctory

done routinely and with little care; superficial; not thorough; lacking interest, care, or enthusiasm; Ex. perfunctory kiss

perigee

point of moon's orbit when it is nearest the earth; CF. apogee

perimeter

outer boundary; length of the outer boundary; circumference

PERIPATETIC

wandering from place to place, especially on foot

perjury

false testimony while under oath; V. perjure oneself: testify falsely under oath

permeable

that can be permeated; penetrable; porous; allowing liquids or gas to pass through; V. permeate: spread or flow throughout; charge

PERMEATE

to penetrate

perpetual

everlasting

perpetuate

make perpetual; make something last for a long time; preserve from extinction; N. perpetuity

PERSPICACIOUS

shrewd, astute, or keen-witted

perspicacious

(of someone) having insight; penetrating; astute

perspicuity

clearness of expression; freedom from ambiguity

perspicuous

(of something) plainly expressed; easy to understand; Ex. perspicuous comments

pertinacious

holding tenaciously to an action; stubborn; persistent

pertinent

suitable; to the point; relevant

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