THE RESTORATION AND THE 18TH CENTURY

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CHARLES II RETURNS

1660

PLAGUE BROKE OUT IN LONDON

1665

THE GREAT FIRE OF LONDON

1666

GLORIOUS REVOLUTION (WILLIAM AND MARY BECOME KING AND QUEEN)

1688

THE UNIVERSE WAS THOUGHT TO BE A _______ __________ , SET IN MOTION BY GOD, AND COULD BE UNDERSTOOD THROUGH __________ & __________

PERFECT MECHANISM

OBSERVATION AND REASON

RATIONAL THOUGH WAS OCNSIDERED THE MOST POWERFUL WAY TO APPROACH THE WORLD

ENLIGHTENMENT/ AGE OF REASON

LITERATURE WAS INFLUENCED BY ____________ CLASSICAL IDEAS AND PREFERENCES

FRENCH

EMPHASIZES ON BRILLIANCE AND CLEERNESS

WIT

BECAME A DOMINANT FORM

SATIRE

2 MOST FAMOUS SATIRISTS

ALEXANDER POPE AND JONATHAN SWIFT

IN NEOCLASSIAL TRADITION USED FORMS IMITATING LATIN CLASSICS

AUGUSTAN AGE

ROMAN EMPEROR WAS A PATRON OF WRITERS AND ARTISTS

AUGUSTUS

WHO BROUGHT CULTURE OF THE FRENCH ARISTOCRATS

CHARLES II

formal and artificial fashions - makeup, powered wigs, elaborate clothing

upper class

recreation- balls, dances

upper class

inadequate living conditions (housing)

lower class

74% of children in London died before 5 yrs old

due to poor health in the lower class

_______ were expected to work

children

debtors were often sent to ______

prison

little medical health for rich or poor ??

poor

the first half of the 18th century was memorable for the satire of ____________ and ___________

alexander pope and johnathan swift

the message of the satire of alexander pope and swift were

need of traditional values, asserting good sense and controlling foolishness and corruption

during the second half of the 18th century who was the dominant literary figure?

samuel johnson

who represents a transition from augustan period to the romantic period

samuel johnson

he is responsible for the first comprehensive dicitonary of the english language

samuel johnson

who wrote the first english novel and what was is called

daniel defoe
"robinson crusoe"

who were the women writers of the 18th century?

Aphra Behn, Eliza Haywood, Fanny Burney

Puritans closed the theater in _____ b/c the puritans believed plays were immoral

1642

Charles II reopened theaters in _____

1660

theater going became popular again in the_____

1660s

the heir to Charles II

his brother James II
who was roman catholic

parliament expelled james II in the ___________ ____________

glorious revolution (1688)

______________ and _____ (jamesII protestant daughter) became king and queen

william of orange and mary

william and mary restricted the rights of whom?

catholics, puritans, and those who didnt belong to the church of england

what did the test act of 1673 do ?

deprived catholics the right to hold office

what did the penal laws of 1695 do ?

withheld civil rights from irish catholics

the belief that a creator set an orderly universe in motion and then alowed it to run its own course with out divinge intervention

deism

a system based on reason and teh observation of nature

deism

_________ ________ dominated religious life and state religion

anglican church

protestants who remained outside the Anglican Chruch

dissenters

dissenters and catholics experienced _____ ______

civil restricitons

this catholic was forced to resign as englands poet laureate

john dryden

this catholic could not be educated at a university or hold a puBlic position

alexander pope

who was unable to attend Oxford or Cambridge b/c his presbyterian faith

daniel defoe

who wrote The shortest way with Dissenters

daniel defoe

why did defoe write "the shortest way with dissenters"?

to react to the religious intolerance

he was arrested, tried and sentenced to 3 appearances in the stocks/ pillory

daniel defoe

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