The _______ manages the flow of data and information through the computer system by coordinating the hardware, software, user interface processor, and system memory.
The _______ of the operating system allows the user to communicate with the computer system.
Which of the following was the first widely used operating system installed in personal computers?
The version of Windows 7 that is most appropriate for high-end PC users, gamers, and multimedia professionals is ________.
Windows 7 Ultimate
The combination of operating system and processor in a computer is referred to as a computer's ________.
Which of the following operating systems is used primarily with mainframes as a network operating system?
Which of the following statements about a graphical user interface is FALSE?
A GUI is a command-driven interface
During the virtual memory process, the operating system moves data to a temporary storage area on the hard drive called the ________ file.
Each device attached to your computer comes with a special program called a ________ that facilitates communication between the device and the OS.
The ________ is responsible for managing the processor and all other components of the computer system, and is an essential part of the operating system.
Which of the following is the first step in the boot process?
The BIOS is activated by powering on the CPU
The ________ is a program that manages the data between the operating system and all input and output devices attached to the system.
Which of the following is NOT a step in the boot process?
The antivirus program checks all files for viruses
The ________ contains all of the different configurations used by the OS and by other applications.
________ are easy-to-use mini desktop programs that give you information at a glance or quick access to frequently used tools including weather information, calendar items, or games.
The OS allows you to organize the contents of your computer in a hierarchical structure of ________.
Windows 7 introduces the concept of ________, which are folders that gather files from different locations and display the files as if they were all saved in a single folder.
C:\Documents\Spring 2012\CIS 101\Term Paper\Computer Technology is an example of a ________.
Which of the following statements concerning the Windows Recycle Bin is TRUE?
You can restore files that have been moved to the Recycle Bin
With Windows Explorer, you can perform all of the following file management actions EXCEPT:
Which of the following Windows utility programs arranges files on your hard drive in sequential order?
Which of the following types of programs help manage system resources such as the hard drive?
In Windows, you can create ________ to reset your system in the case of a malfunction.
If you want to automatically defragment your hard drive every week, you can set a predetermined time using the ________.
Linux is an open source operating system that can be used both on personal computers and as a networking operating system.
The combination of a computer's operating system and application software is referred to as the computer's platform.
A common-driven-interface is one in which you enter commands to communicate with the computer system.
Windows 7 will run with 1 GB of RAM, but the system might be challenged by limited resources, especially with graphic-intensive programs.
Live Icons allow you to preview the actual contents of a specific file or folder from within a window without actually having to open the file.
You can use System Restore to restore your system's settings back to a specific date when everything was working properly.
The Windows Backup and Restore Utility allows you to make a duplicate copy of all the data on your hard drive.
Safe boot is a special diagnostic mode designed for troubleshooting errors that occur during the boot process.
The High Contrast accessibility feature allows you to select a color scheme setting in which you control the contrast between text and background.
Which of the following activities is carried out by the ALU?
completion of all arithmetic calculations
________ provides high-speed information processing by enabling a new set of instructions to start before the previous set has been finished.
The amount of RAM that is actually on the memory modules in your computer is the ________ memory.
On a Windows system, you can determine the amount of RAM by looking in the ________ window.
When referring to hard drives, seek time and latency are the two factors that make up ________.
Which of the following statements is true about optical media?
A Blu-ray burner will most likely burn both CDs and DVDs
A ________ performs the same kind of computational work that a CPU performs but is specialized to handle 3-D graphics and image and video processing.
Windows 7 incorporates ________, which enables you to migrate files and settings from a Windows Vista system to a Windows 7 system via a network connection.
Windows Easy Transfer
To make sure your computer performs reliably, you can do all of the following EXCEPT:
increase the front side bus speed
Which statement pertaining to system reliability is FALSE?
An accumulation of temporary internet files has no effect on your computer's overall performance
Which of the following is NOT a main characteristic associated with desktop computers as compared to notebooks?
A desktop computer is more expensive
Notebooks are often equipped with a(n) ________ slot that allows you to read flash memory cards such as CompactFlash, Memory Sticks, and Secure Digital cards.
All of the following are advantages of notebook computers EXCEPT:
you get more speed for a lower price
A(n) ________ uses the same kind of memory that flash drives use and have no spinning platters or motors.
The number of bits the video card uses to represent each pixel on the monitor is called ________.
The control unit coordinates the activities of all computer components except for the CPU itself.
The use of multiple cores on one CPU chip allows the execution of two or more sets of instructions at the exact same time
Temporary data and instructions are not stored on the hard drive because it is faster to retrieve data from RAM.
The amount of memory your video card needs depends on what you want to display on your monitor.
External hard drives are an ideal solution when you need more storage than a flash drive can provide.
A computer network is defined as two or more computers connected with ________ so that they can communicate with each other.
software and hardware
Network architectures are classified according to ________.
the way they are controlled and the distance between their nodes
Due to the expansion of media files on home computers, ________ options are now being marketed; however, they are not as full featured as their business-world counterparts.
home network server
A ________ is a network located in your home that is used to connect all of your digital devices.
Throughput, the actual speed of data transfer that is achieved in a network, is usually ________.
less than or equal to the data transfer rate
The ________ is the maximum speed at which data can be transmitted between two nodes on a network.
data transfer rate
Which of the following network adapters is most likely to be preinstalled in a typical notebook computer today?
both a wireless and wired network adapter
Sophisticated networks generally use which of the following hardware devices to ease the flow of data packets throughout the network?
routers and switches
Client/server networks are controlled by a central server that runs a specialized piece of software called ________.
a network operating system (NOS)
Which of the following is necessary if you want your Ethernet network to connect to the Internet through a DSL or cable modem?
a DSL/cable router
The most popular transmission media option for wired Ethernet networks is ________.
unshielded twisted-pair (UTP) cable
A(n) ________ keeps track of data packets and, in conjunction with network interface cards, helps the data packets find their destination without running into each other on an Ethernet network.
Most ________ allow you to connect wireless and wired computers to the same network.
Which of the following devices is needed to share an Internet connection on a wireless network?
a wireless router
The unique number assigned to a network adapter by the manufacturer is referred to as the ________ address.
When setting up a network, you should set up any computers running the Microsoft Windows 7 operating system ________.
A single computer can function as both a client and a server, but performance will be degraded.
When a network is created to provide Internet access to a specific geographic area, that network will generally be designated as a MAN.
Twisted-pair cable is made up of plastic or glass fibers that transmit data at extremely fast speeds.
A switch is a network navigation device that merely retransmits a signal to all other nodes attached to it.
A network-ready device is a device that might be attached to a network but still has to connect to a networked computer first.
Although 802.11n will work with 802.11g adapters, you will not achieve 802.11n data transfer rates unless all adapters are 802.11n.
It is generally better to extend your wired network using wireless technology than to use repeaters or splice cable.
An analog-to-digital converter chip ________.
converts the sound waves from voice into digital signals
A base transceiver station receives a request for cellular service and passes that request to a central location called a ________.
mobile switching center
The newest cell/smartphone displays are ________, which allow bright, sharp imaging and draw less power.
Which of the following uses radio waves to transmit data signals over short distances and does not need a direct line of sight?
Ensuring that two devices, for example, a PC and a cell phone or smartphone, have the same files is the process of ________.
Text prediction ________ provide a list of popular words and save typing time when using text messaging.
Which of the following is specialized software made to display Web pages on a cell phone?
Web content specially designed for viewing via a cell phone or smartphone is written in a format called ________.
WML (Wireless Markup Language)
________ is a form of voice-based Internet communication that turns a standard Internet connection into a means to place phone calls, including long-distance calls.
Which of the following is the process of sharing files between two or more computers?
peer-to-peer (P2P) sharing
To transfer files from your computer to a portable media player (PMP), most newer PMPs use a ________ port or a FireWire port.
Which of the following describes the number of times an analog wave is measured each second during an analog-to-digital conversion?
Which of the following allows you to download and play music with restrictions enforced about its use?
Which of the following statements is NOT true about the JPEG file format?
JPEGs are larger than raw files
________ is a single cable that carries all audio and video information from devices connected to a TV to the TV itself.
Text prediction algorithms provide a list of popular words and save typing time when using text messaging.
A virtual phone number can be assigned to your cell phone or smartphone to keep your true number private.
One of the advantages of VoIP is that an interruption in power does not interrupt the ability to make calls.
The conversion rate is the number of times per second music is measured and converted into a digital value.
When converting analog waves to digital waves, the higher the sampling rate, the more accurately the original wave can be re-created.
Current cell phones and smartphones feature cameras that are just as powerful as stand-alone digital cameras.
An attribution license allows anyone to use, modify, and copy your work, but only for noncommercial purposes.