Chapter 14 Lymphatic System

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allergen

type of antigen that causes a hypersensitivity response

allergy

over reaction by the body to a particular antigen

angi/o

blood vessel

antibodies

a protein organisms produced by B cell lymphocytes to fight bacteria and foreign

antibiotics

kill bacteria

antigens

stimulate production of antibodies

artificially acquired active immunity

you receive a vaccination

artificially aquired passive immunity

you are given an antivenom, such as for a . snake bite

autoimmune disorder

your immune system attacks your own body tissue

B cells

produce and secrete antibodies ,originate in bone marrow, transform into plasma cells

bacteria

one cell microscopic organism that can be treated with antibiotics

candidiasis

yeast infection

ELISA

detect HIV-antibodies 2 weeks after infection

fungus

athletes foot

helper T cells

activate T and B cells

herpes zoster

shingles, painful skin eruption that follows the route of the inflammed nerve

immun/o

protection

immunity

body'sability to resist foreign organisms and toxins

infectioattaches to the antigen and kills itus mononucleosis

mono or "kissing disease"

inter-

between

killer T cells

attach to antigen and kills it

Lyme disease

bacteria transmitted through a tick bite

lymph nodes

filter the harmful substances from the lymph before returning to blood

lymphadenopathy

enlarged lymph nodes

lymphangiogram

graphic visual of lymphatic system

lymphatic ducts

drain the lymph

lymphedema

swelling due to accumulation of lymph in your tissues

lymphoma

malignant tumor of the lymph nodes and tissues

malaria

parasitic infection, transmitted to humans by an infected mosquito

memory T cells

remembers the antigen and multiplies when it's present again

multiple myeloma

malignant tumor of the bone marrow cells

mumps

swelling of the parotid or salivary glands

naturally acquired passive immunity

Mom passes her antibodies to baby through breast milk

naturally acquired active immunity

you get the disease

pathogens

virus, bacteria

plasma cells

produce antibodies to fight antigens, originate from B cells

right lymphatic duct

drains lymph from the right side of head, neck,chest,and right arm

scratch test

diagnostic test that identifies commonly troublesome antigens

spleen

has major hymolytic functions; breaks down RBC after 120 days; produces and stores RBC

splen/o

spleen

subclavian veins

blood vessels that return the lymph to the blood stream from the thoracic and right lymphatic duct

suppressor T cells

inhibits T and B cells

T cells

helper, suppressor, memory, and killer; types of T cells

tetanus

aka lock jaw, complete muscle spasm, caused by bacteria

thoracic duct

drains lymph from the left side of head, neck, chest,left arm, and both legs, drains into subclavian veins

tinea pedis

athlete's foot, caused by fungus

tox/o

poison

toxoplasmosis

transmitted to humans through contaiminated pet feces,parisitic infection of central nervous system

varicella

chicken pox, caused by herpes virus

virus

varicella is a type of virus

West Nile virus

transmitted to humans by infected mosquitos or tick bite, can affect central nervous system, mild version flu-like

Western blot

blood test that confirms an HIV diagnosis after the ELISA

yeast

candidiasis, thrush in mouth

thrush

yeast infection in the mouth

immunization

vaccination..... dead or attenuated/ live but weakened version

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