behaviorismEX

34 terms by elt 

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EXPERIENCE

causes learning (change in behavior)

PARSIMONY

one shoudl seek simplest possible solution

ASSOCIATIONISM

mental processing is based on forming connections between ideas and events

LAW OF EFFECT

if the responce leads to a satisfying outcome, it will be done again

THE ENVIRONMENT

behaviorism emphasizes its role

OPERATIONAL DEFINITIONS

defining concepts in terms of observable evets

STIMULUS

anything that affects behavior

RESPONCE

any reaction to a change in the environment

REFLEX

unlearned resopnce to a stimuli

THORNDIKE

developed law of effect

PAVLOV

pioneered classical conditioning

SKINNER

formed operant conditioning

INVOLUNTARY RESPONCE

what classical conditioning focuses on

STIMULUS GENERALIZATION

rendency to respond to origional CS as well as stimuli which are similar

STIMULUS DISCRIMINATION

selective responce to CS but not similar stimuli

SPONTANEOUS RECOVERY

reoccurance of CR when CS is presented (after time)

EXTINCTION

no longer have a CR with the CS paired with the UCS

HIGHER ORDER CONDITIONING

previously established CS is used to create conditioning to a new stimulus

OPERANT CONDITIOINING

learning is change in responce

SKINNER

founder of operant conditioning. best known american behaviorist

RADICAL BEHAVIORISM

watson and skinner mental states are inaccessable and not necessary

REINFORCEMENT

stimulus that follows behavior and increases likelihood of behavior repeating

PUNISHMENT

decreases likelihood of behavior reoccuring

CONTINUOUS REINFORCEMENT

every responce followed by reinforcer

FIXED RATIO SCHEDULE

defined by number of responces

VARIABLE RATIO SCHEDULE

reinforcement contingency decined by avg. number of times responce given

EXTINCTIVE DRIFT

tendency for organism to revert to instinctive behavior

PREPAIRED BEHAVIORS

behaviors that can develop with no experience required

CONTRA PREPAIRED BEHAVIORS

contrary to instinct and unlearnable

SPECIES SPECIFIED BEHAVIORS

behaviors like mating, finding food, defense and raising offspring

AUTONOMIC CONDITIONING

conditioning of autonomic responces by means of operant conditioning

PRIMARY REINFORCER

stimulus based on an innate biological significance (food water)

SHAPING

guiding acquisition of new responce by reinforcing success

PARTIAL REINFORCER

reinforcement does not follow every responce

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