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4 million square miles ( about the same as the USA)

How big is China?

Gobi desert

What physical feature separates China from its neighbors?

Pacific Ocean

China's eastern boundary

Qinling Shandi

Most important mountain range in China; separates northern and southern China

its floods and irrigate the fields

What did China need to learn to control, like other river nations?

cold and dry

Climate in northeast China is ______________________

dry and hot

Northwestern desert climate is ____________________

heavy rains with monsoons

China's eastern plains have

Yellow River

Huang He

nicknamed China's sorrow

the nickname of the river that floods, spreads nearly 3,00 miles, and leaves behind silt

Chang Jiang

Yangzi's other name

the longest river in Asia

this river cuts through central China and flows from the mountains of Tibet to the Pacific Ocean

along the Huang He and the Chang Kiang River

where civilization begins due to farming and villages

rice

in middle China on the Chang Jiang farmers were known for growing this

millet and wheat

farmers in the north along the Huang He grew

Xia Dynasty

1st dynasty

Yu the Great

1st king of the Xia Dynasty

building canals to control floods

Yu the Great was famous for building these

Shang Dynasty

1st dynasty there is clear evidence of in the 1500s BC

famous for first writing system, use of bronze, military success, and a moon based calendar

Shang Dynasty

Zhou Dynasty

attacked and overthrew the Shang Dynasty

lasted longer than any other dynasty

Zhou Dynasty

mandate of heaven

Zhou Dynasty believed the kings possessed this permission that heaven gave power to the king and no one ruled without this permission

King, Lords and Warriors, Peasants

Order of Zhou Society

warring states period

a time of many civil wars

disorder

when families began to fight and rival groups formed during the end of the Zhou Dynasty, Chinese society fell into a period of

Confucius

Disorder in China lead to a teacher drawing people BACK to order named this

values

Confucianism taught:
fathers should display high moral_______to inypire the familt

respect

Confucianism taught:
children should ______________ and obey their parents

loyal

Confucianism taught:
all family members should be__________to each other

leadership

Confucianism taught:
moral __________ not laws brings order to China

example

Confucianism taught:
kings should lead by ______ inspiring good behavior in subjects

The Analects

students of Confucius recorded his teachings in this book

Daoism

takes its name from Dao, meaning "the way"

harmony

Daoism stressing living in ____________with the Dao

Dao

the guiding force of all reality

OUT

Daoists wanted the government IN or OUT of people's lives?

WATER

Daoists thought people should be like this and just GO with the FLOW of nature

Laozi

most famous Daoist

Legalism

the belief that people were bad and needed to be controlled

crime

Legalism stressed that the punishment should fit the ___________and would even punish other family members for wrongs done by others in the family

Shi Huangdi

1st Emperor

Ying Zheng

Shi Huangdi's other name

army

Shi Huangdi was strict, gave harsh punishments, and used his ___________to conquer new territory

districts

Shi Huangdi took land from the lords and divided it into these in order to control his people

language

Qin achievements::
written__________________

money

Qin achievements::
standardize ____________system for better trade

roads

Qin achievements::
better ___________that connected the capitol to the empire

canals and irrigation

Qin achievements::
water improved as ____________ and __________ were improved

The Great Wall of China

Qin achievements::
built this to protect China from invasion

resentment

all of Shi Huangdi's control also created ____________ and lead to the fall of his empire

6,000

his tomb had __________life sized clay soldiers inside!

Han Dynasty

Dynasty after Qin

Liu Bang

1st Emperor of Han Dynasty; well liked, common person

Wudi

2nd Emperor of Han Dynasty, brought Confucianism to government

family life

In the Han Dynasty __________life was important because it was part of Confucian beliefs

boys

In the Han dynasty families valued ____________ more than girls

paper

Han Inventions and Advances:
invented this by grinding plant fibers into a paste that they let dry into sheets

sundial

Han Inventions and Advances:
used this to tell time

seismograph

Han Inventions and Advances:
to measure earthquakes

acupuncture

Han Inventions and Advances:
poking needles in your skin

iron workers

Han Inventions and Advances:
master _____________ who made swords and armor and plows for farming

silk

Han Inventions and Advances:
fabric made from worm cocoons

The Silk Road

4,000 mile-long network of routes stretching westward from China across Asia's deserts and mt ranges thru the middle east until it reached the mediterranean sea

Buddhism

spread from India to China along the Silk Road

diffusion

Buddhism spreading to China through a trade route is an example of ______________, when ideas spread from one culture to another due to contact

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