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quiz ch. 3 and 4

''the unexamined life is not worth living'' is a cornerstone of the philosophy of

socrates

Alexander the Greats troops rebelled when he made the decision to invade and capture

india

alexanders militarry success against the Persians was in part attributable to

the role of Alexanders cavalry as a strike force

all of the following are true about the cult of Isis except

it originated in the eastern Persian empire, an outgrowth of Zoroastrianism

all of the followinf were conqured by Alexander except

Arabia

An especially important cultural center with the largest library in the ancient times was

Alexandria

At the battle of Marathon, the Greeks

won a decisive victory by aggressive attack against a stonger for

At the Battle of Thermopylae, the

Spartans fought a noble holding action to the last man

By the sixth century B.C., to balance the power of kings and the council of Elders, Spartan political reformers created the

ephors

During the Age of Pericles

Athenians beacme deeply attached to their democratic system

during the migrations of the Greek Dark Age, many lonians

crossed the Aegean Sea to settle in Asia Minor

Early Greek philosophy attempted to

explain the universe on the basis of unifying priciples

in classical Athens, male homosexuality

was practiced and tolerated in part as a means by which mature men instructed young males about the masculine world of politics

in establishing his empire, Alexander the Great

...

in Sparta

life resembled that of a military camp

one of the chief causes of the Peloponnesian War was

Sparta's fear of the power of Athens and its maritime empire

socrates was condemned to death for

corrupting the youth of Athens

Stoicisms

maintained that people could gain inner peace by seeking virtue and living according to nature

the Athenian stateman who established the ten tribes and who weakened the aristocracy and increased the ordinary citizens was

Cleisthenes

the chief center of Minoan Crete was

knossus

the Greek Parthenon

is considered the greatest example of classical Greek temple architecture

the Hellenistic dynasty that lasted the longest was the

Ptolemaic

the Hellenistic era describes an age the saw

the extension and imitation og Greek culture throughout the ancient Near East

the hoplite phalanx was

a new Greek military organization of heavily armed infantry

the Jews in the Hellenistic era

were disperced throughout the eastern Mediterranean region

the mystery cults and religions of the Hellenistic world

helped pave the way for the success of Christianity

the Peloponnesian war resulted in

the defeat of Athens and the collapes of its empire

the period immediately following the collapse of the Mycenaean civilization is referred to as the

Greek Dark Age

the philosophical school that stressed happiness through freeing oneself from a political life was

Epicureanism

the ''polis'' was the greek name for

city-state

the Republic depicted

Plato'sideaof the ideal government and society

the Sophists

were perfessional teachers who seemingly questioned the traditional values of their societies

the strategoi

was a board of ten generals

the wide spred popularity of Stoicism and Epicureanism in the Hellenistic world

suggested a new openness to thoughts of universality

Tyranny in the Greek polis arose as

a reaction to arisocratic power and a widening gulf between the rich and the poor

upon the death of Alexander

his Macedonian generals became involved in successive power struggles

what was the greatest difference between education during the Hellenistic period and the education during the classical period

rather than being a private enterprise, Hellenistic education became a duty of cities and their governments

what were the chief characteristics of the Greek Dark Age

it was a period of migrations and declining food production

which of the following phrases best describes the social situation of Greek women

women were kept under strict control, cut off from formal education and were always assigned a male gaurdian

which of the following was not true of Greek religion

myths served no particular social function

which of the following best describes the delian league

an alliance of city-states led by Athens after the Persian war

in general,seperate early greek communities...

became fierce rivals fighting so often as to threaten greek cicilization itself

Homers Iliad points out the

honor and courage of greek aristocratic heroes in battle

which of the following is true of greece from the eighth century B.C.?

the Polis evolved into the central instution in greek life

which of the following was not a characteristic of the typical greek?

each Polis had a population between 90,000 and 100,000 citizens

the deveolpment of the polis had a negative impact on greek society by

dividing greece into fiercely competitive states

the greek polis put primary emphasis on

cooperation between its citizens for the common welfare

the hoplite phalanx relied for its success on

disapline and teamwork

which greek philosopher said, with regard to the polis, ''we must rather regard every citizen as belonging to the state''?

Aristotle

the rise of tyrants in the poleis in the seventh and sixth centuries

often encouraged the economic and cultural progress of the cities.

the spartans made the army the center of their society because

they feared an uprising by their helots

the lycurgan reforms resulted in

the estaablishment of a permanent military state in sparta

unlike the women of most other greek cities, spartan women were...

stay phisically fit to bear health children

spartan holots

a & b

for the greeks the term arete described the

the striving for excellence

which of the folowing descriptions of Athenian leaders is incorrect?

pisistratus, remodeled the entire Athemian constitutioin while utterly neglecting his merchant supporters

Cleisthenes' constitution established the Athenian government as

democracy

the immediate couse of the persian war was

a revolt of the Ionian greek colonies in asia minor

the battle of the marathon was a victory for

Athenian hoplites

the Delian League was organized in 478-477 B.C. to

keep sparta isolated in the peloponnesus

the Greek historian Thucydides differed from Herodotus in that the

was unconcerned with spiritual forces as a factor in history

the Greek dramatist who was a realist and known for his portrayal realistic characters in real life situations was

Euripides

Plato, in the republic, imagines a perfect society ruled by

philosoper-kings

Alexander the Greats conquests in Asia occrred despite

his eventual difficulties in convincing his troops to fight so far from home

in establishing his empire, Alexander the great

a, b, and c

the Greek general who took Egypt after Alexanders death and converted it into the first Hellenistic kingdom was

Ptolemy

the famous Indian ruler who sent Buddhist missonaries to greek rullers

Asoka

the Antigonid kingdom was based in

chandragupta

the Hellenistic states in the centuries after Alexander the great

became despotic monarchies

which of the following statements best describes Hellenistic cities?

small and governed by a military elite

which class of women achieved the most noteable gains during the hellenistic period?

upper class

who wrote the treatise, ''on chastity''?

phintys

which of the following was not a major sorce of slaves in the Helleinstic world?

citizens who could not pay their debts were sold into slavery

the greek god of healing, thought responsible for miraculous cures in the Hellenistic period, was

Asclepius

the scientific foundations of medicine made by Alexandrian physicians...

were made possible through the use of dissection and vivisection

which of the following statements is untrue concerning Hellenistic culture?

Artists remained social outcasts, and were rarely patronized by the rich.

the best example of Hellenistic 'new comedy' was the Athenian playwright

Menander

the surviving works of the Greek historian Polybius demonstrate...

his following of Thucydides in seeking rational motives for historical events

Hellenistic sculpture

was more emotional and realistic than clasical Greek sculpture

who was credited with having been the first to seperate medicine from philosopy?

herophilus

the Alexandrian scholar Euclid's most famous achievement was

systematizing the study of geometry

the most famous scientist of his era, Archimedes of Syracuse, was responsible for all of the folloing except

uniting the disaplines of science and philosophy

who maintained that the only things that exsit are atoms moving through the void?

Epicurus

what was the primary difference between the philosophy of the greek classical period and philosophy during the hellenistic period?

Hellenistic pholosophy dealt with moer human happiness disassociated from the life of the polis

how did greek religion change during the Hellenistic period/

the greeks became very receptive to the eastern religous mystery cults

in the Hellenistic era, medicine...

progressed due to the use of dissection and vivisection

which of the following led a revolt against seleucid monarchy in judea in the 160's b.C.E.?

Judas Maccabaeus

which of the following statements is correct about the Hellenistic civilization?

signs of decline were apperent by the late third century B.C.E.

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