Queen Elizabeth I
First English queen to share power with Parliament
Parliament's Financial Power
What was a major obstacle to the development of English Absolute Monarchs?
When Elizabeth I died without an heir, who took over the English throne? (King of Scotland and Cousin)
What problems did James Stuart inherit from Elizabeth I?
James Stuart fought with _____________ members of the Parliament because they wanted him to ban things they considered sinful.
The only religious reform that James Stuart made was issue a new translation of the _________________.
James I's son and Heir
War with France and Spain
Charles I constantly needed money from Parliament because of his ongoing __________________________________.
When the English Parliament refused to grant Charles I funds for his ongoing war with France and Spain, he __________________ it.
Petition of Right
This document declared the law to be higher than the king.
Due cause, levy taxes, house soldiers, martial law
The Petition of Right stated that any English King, such as Charles I, could not imprison subjects without ________________, _________________ without parliament consent, __________________________ private homes, or impose _______________________ in peacetime.
When Charles I decided to ignore the Petition of Right, dissolve Parliament once again, and impose fees and fines for finance, his ____________ decreased.
Formal prayer book, church ritual
Charles I offended the Protestant by attempting to make them use a _______________________, and observe traditional __________________.
One Religion, Rebellion
Charles I tried to force Presbyterian Scots to accept Anglican prayer book so that he could have one religion in England; however, this action led to the Scottish _____________.
Arrest, Puritan Revolt
When Parliament limited Royal power instead of granting Charles money in 1641, Charles tried to _____________ the Parliament leaders, which led to the _________________.
The years during which the English Civil War took place.
The two names of those who supported Charles I during the English Civil War.
The name of Puritan supporters of Parliament during the English Civil War
Oliver Cromwell, New Model Army
The Puritan general, ____________________, defeated Charles I using his _______________________.
Trial and Execution
After Oliver Cromwell led the Roundheads to defeat Charles I, Charles was convicted for treason and sentenced to death. This event was the first _______________ and _______________ of a reigning monarch.
Monarchy, House of Lords, Commonwealth
When Oliver Cromwell ruled England, he abolished the ________________ and the __________________, while establishing the ______________________ -- a republican form of government.
A Republican Form of Government instituted by Oliver Cromwell after the English Civil War.
Oliver Cromwell ruled England as a _____________ and when offered a constitution, he tore it up.
Irish Rebellion, English Soldiers, war, plague, famine
Since the Irish were devout Catholics, seeing the Puritans win the English Civil War caused them to rebel, however Cromwell crushed the uprising and gave the land to ____________________, while the ______________, _______________, and _____________ killed 616,000 Irish.
Under Cromwell's rule, England forbade the ____________ and was religiously tolerant to all but ________________.
Charles II, Period of Restoration
With the death of Charles I, Parliament chose his older son ___________________ to rule. His rule is known as the ___________________.
Under Charles II, the __________ flourished because Charles II restored the theatre, sporting events, and dancing while allowing _____________ to act.
The document issued under Charles II which stated that every prinsoner can obtain a document ordering that he be brought to trial before a judge, therefore rulers were prevented from jailing others because they simply opposed him or holding a prisoner for an indefinite period of time.
James II, Whigs, Tories
Charles II's heir was known as ______________, the ______________ opposed him while the _________________ supported him.
Catholics, Parliament, Mary, William of Orange, Glorious Revolution
When James II appointed ________________ to high office and dissolved __________________, the Protestants asked his daughter _______________ and her husband ____________________ to take the throne. This bloodless overthrow came to be known as the ______________________.
Bill of Rights, Constitutional Monarchy
When William and Mary partnered with Parliament by signing the _____________________, they ushered in the ________________________ which England holds to this day.
Parliament laws, levy taxes, speech, petitioning
The English Bill of Rights declared that no ruler can suspend _____________________, __________________ without Parliament consent, interfere with freedom of ______________, or imprison a citizen ______________ his grievances to the government.
Cabinet, Majority Party, Power, Policies, Prime Minister
A group of government ministers who were first appointed by William and Mary, they represented the __________________ of Parliament, and were the center of __________ and ______________. The head of this group was called the ________________________.