Chapter #6

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A country with ________ is not expected to grow quickly in the near future.

high female employment and literacy.

A population in the post-industrial stage would be expected to have

birth and death rates at low stable levels.

A population which is not growing will have a TFR of

2.1

According to the IPAT model, technology that enhances our acquisition of minerals, fossil fuels, timber, and ocean fish ________.

increases environmental impact.

Areas with the least dense human populations are in

desert, tundra and rainforest.

Declining death rates due to increased food production and improved medical care while birth rates remain high is characteristic of the ________ stage.

transitional

During which time period did the world's population more than double?

1950—2000

If a population roughly doubles in the course of 50 years, its growth rate would be close to ________%

1.5

If global fertility rates remain at 2008 levels, the United Nations predicts that world population will be approximately ________ billion in 2050.

11

In a country where there are increasingly more households,

consumption should increase.

Increasing levels of literacy among women is shown to

lower TFR.

Africa

has the greatest TFR rate and the greatest poverty.

India

Second most populous region on Earth.

2011

Year when we expect the 7 billionth human.

Latin America and the Caribbean

TFR is 2.5.

European nations

Region with the highest per capita income.

Not surprisingly, the nation with the highest rate of contraceptive use (86%) is

China.

Despite dire predictions in the past, humans still inhabit Earth. A few economists would argue that this is because

technological developments have alleviated some of the strain on Earth's resources.

Mesopotamia, Mayan, Easter Island, and 1930s U.S. midwest prairie societies all experienced "crashes" because they

abused and overused their natural resources.

Because of the success of China's population control programs,

China's population growth rate is much lower than it was in the 1970s.

Aside from contraception, what can human society and government policy do to control population growth's negative effects on the environment?

discourage population movement into sensitive environmental areas.

If there is ________, population growth rates will increase.

increased immigration.

Replacement fertility

is equal to 2.1 in stable populations.

The "sensitivity factor" in the model used to represent human environmental impact denotes

the sensitivity of an environment to human pressures.

The 1994 Cairo, Egypt, conference was organized

to urge governments to better address social issues such as poverty and disease as potential sources of population problems.

The Matlab project in Bangladesh was successful in reducing TFR because

local women participated in an extensive outreach program about family planning.

The annual global growth rate of the human population peaked in the ________ and has been declining ever since.

1960s.

The most accurate terms describing the trend over the past 50 years for human use of natural resources are

increasing and unsustainable.

The richest one-fifth of the world's population possess approximately ________ times the income of the poorest one-fifth, and the richest one-fifth use over 86% of the world's resources.

80.

The transitional stage in Frank Notestein's demographic model is initiated by

industrialization.

The world population growth rate is currently close to ________%

1.2

Looking at the figure, you are able to determine

that the population in the part (b) is growing rapidly.

The population in part (a) suggests that its Total Fertility Rate (TFR) is

less than replacement rate.

What is the population in part (b) likely to experience soon?

resource depletion and decreased quality of life.

What is the population in part (a) likely to experience soon?

more senior citizens.

Which of the following countries has the highest population growth rate?

Pakistan

Which of the following factors drives TFR down?

social and economic security

________ is the world's most populous nation, home to ________ of the people living on Earth.

China; one-fifth

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