A system of government in which the power to govern is concentrated in the hands of one individual.
A system of government in which power is concentrated in the hands of a few people.
A system of government in which, in theory, the people rule, either directly or indirectly.
Procedural Democratic Theory
A view of democracy as being embodied in a decision-making process that involves universal participation, political equality, majority rule, and responsiveness.
The concept that everyone in a democracy should participate in governmental decision making.
The principle - basic to procedural democratic theory - that the decision of a group must reflect the preference of more than half of those participating; a simple majority.
A system of government where rank-and-file citizens rule themselves rather than electing representatives to govern on their behalf.
A system of government where citizens elect public officials to govern on their behalf.
A decision-making principle, necessitated by representative government, that implies that elected representatives should do what the majority of people want
Substantive Democratic Theory
A view that democracy is embodied in the substance of government policy rather than in the policy making procedure.
The benefits of a government that cannot be denied to any citizens by majority decisions
Majoritarian Model of Democracy
The classical theory of democracy in which government by the people is interpreted as government by the majority of the people.
That model of democracy in which citizens and their elected representatives exercise reasoned and full debate on questions of public policy.
An organized group of individuals that seeks to influence public policy. Also called a lobby.
Pluralist Model of Democracy
An interpretation of democracy in which government by the people is taken to mean government by people operating through competing interest groups.
The view that a small group of people actually makes most of the important government decisions.
A process of transition as a country attempts to move from an authoritarian form of government to a democratic one.