Universalizing Religions

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top 3 universalizing religions

Buddhism, Christianity, Islam

Diffusion methods

missionaries, trade, war, globalization, hierarchal diffusion

branch

large funtamental division within a religion

denominations

Group of common congregation within a branch

sects

small groups that break a way from a recognized denomination within each branch

Buddhism facts

Asia, FIRST universalizing religion, derived from hinduism, founded by prince siddaratha; originated in India

Eight fold path

Buddhist; a journey to overcome desires; rightness of livelihood, action, meditation, belief, resolve, effort, speech, and thought

Four noble truths

suffering, reincarnation, quelled desires, and finally nirvana

types of buddhism

Theravada, Mahayana, Lamaism, and Zen

composite faith

religion that fused with an ethnic religion

syncretic religion

binds two religions together

Buddhist architecture

Pagodas, shrines, Buddha's. Sacred place: Bodh Gata, India

Semitic religious hearth

Islam, judaism, and christianity all came out of this area

Judaism

The oldest; holy land is Israel

spread of christianity

throughout the roman empire; hierarchal diffusion, mainly in cities and urban centers; missionaries; militaristic

largest religion?

christianity- 2 billion

major christian branches

roman catholic, protestant, orthodox

christian architecture

Church is the house of God; steeple extends towards the heavens

iconography

visual reminders of faith, such as iconography

Bible belt

south; baptistsand coservatives

mormon

UTAH

lutheran

Minnesota, wisconsin, and the Dakotas

Roman catholic

Louisiana; Northeast; and southwest

midwest

methodist

Mormonism

Church of the later day saints; founded by joseph smith, proclaimed my Brigham Young; book of mormon

Islam basic facts

monotheistic; founder is Muhammad; allah, karan

five pillars of islam

profess belief in Allah, pray five times a day, give alms to the poor or tithe, ramadan, pilgrimage to mecca

islam diffusion

militaristic; missionaries along trade routes; worlds fastest growing religion

islam architecture

mosque, mecca

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