A technique whereby the concluding word of a sentence or clause becomes the first word (or very near the beginning) of the next sentence or clause.
Repetition of the initial word or phrase in a series of sentences for emphasis and rhythm.
Establishing a clear, contrasting relationship between two ideas by joining them together or juxtaposing them, often in parallel structure.
A crossing parallelism, where the second part of a grammatical construction is balanced or paralleled by the first part, only in reverse order.
Repeating the beginning word of a clause or sentence at the end.
The repetition of the same word or words at the end of successive phrases, clauses or sentences.
Exists when parallel structures have the same number of words and even of syllables.
Repetition of words from the same root or of the same word used as a different part of speech.
Repetition of conjunctions.
A phrase that is almost but not quite a complete sentence. Has a full subject, but only has part of a predicate.
Placing side-by-side two nouns, the second of which serves as an explanation of the first.
Omission of conjunctions between a series of related clauses.
Omission of one or more words implied by context.
A departure from the normal word order.
When a word has the same grammatical relation to two or more other words.
A sentence in which the subordinate elements come at the end to call attention to them.
A sentence in which the subordinate elements come in the middle, often (but not always) set off by double dashes.
A sentence in which the writer builds suspense by beginning with subordinate elements and postponing the main clause (but watch out for the anti-climax)
A parallel in which a series of coordinated elements all have the same form and grammatical function.
A parallel in which rhythm and cadence is achieved through the deliberate repetition of parallel elements.
When parallelism is extended through a paragraph, each sentence becomes an element in the series and states one aspect of the idea being explored.