Psych - Therapies

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Which of the following best illustrates a form of psychotherapy?

A.
rTMS
B.
psychosurgery
C.
systematic desensitization
D.
electroconvulsive therapy

systematic desensitization

Compared with placebos, antidepressant drugs provide ________ benefits to patients with severe symptoms of depression and ________ benefits to patients with mild symptoms of depression.

substantial; minimal

Psychoanalysts are most likely to view patient transference as

a potential aid to the patient in developing insight.

Tardive dyskinesia is characterized by

involuntary muscle movements.

An important component of psychoanalysis is

dream analysis.

Which form of therapy most directly encourages clients to question their interpretations, decatastrophize their thinking, and reattribute responsibility for past outcomes?

cognitive therapy

In promoting therapeutic lifestyle change, Stephen Ilardi and his colleagues note that human brains and bodies were designed for physical activity and

social engagement.

Deep-brain stimulation involves the implantation of ________ into the brain.

electrodes

Systematic desensitization is based on the idea that ________ facilitates the elimination of fear.

relaxation

A therapist who takes an eclectic approach is one who

uses a variety of psychological theories and therapeutic approaches.

Which of the following procedures is most likely to result in a loss of memory?
Answer
A.
systematic desensitization
B.
the double-blind procedure
C.
aversive conditioning
D.
electroconvulsive therapy

electroconvulsive therapy

To help Claire quit smoking, a therapist delivers an electric shock to her arm each time she smokes a cigarette. The therapist is using

aversive conditioning.

Carl Rogers referred to a caring, nonjudgmental attitude as

unconditional positive regard.

Mr. Choi's therapist wants to help him become aware of his conflicting childhood feelings of love and hate for his parents. The therapist's goal best reflects a primary aim of

psychoanalysis.

Cognitive therapists would be most likely to encourage depressed clients to

stop blaming themselves for negative circumstances beyond their control.

Unlike psychodynamic therapists, humanistic therapists tend to focus on the ________ more than the ________.

present; past

Selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors are frequently prescribed for the treatment of

depression

Which of the following is a type of exposure therapy?
A.
systematic desensitization
B.
stress inoculation training
C.
family therapy
D.
Topic: repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation

systematic desensitization

"The technique reduces people to puppets controlled by therapists! It doesn't respect human freedom." This criticism is most likely to be directed at

a token economy

Lithium is often an effective ________ drug.

mood-stabilizing

Inserting a medical instrument through each eye socket was part of a procedure known as

a lobotomy.

Chlorpromazine is an antipsychotic drug that reduces paranoia and hallucinations by

dampening responsiveness to irrelevant stimuli.

Adelle's feelings of unhappiness, low self-esteem, and hopelessness have become so extreme that she has attempted suicide. Which of the following treatments is likely to provide her with the quickest relief from her misery?

electroconvulsive therapy

Rational-emotive behavior therapies are most likely to

vigorously challenge clients' self-defeating ways of thinking.

Which form of therapy has most directly contributed to the sharp reduction in the number of residents in U.S. mental hospitals?
A.
drug therapy
B.
cognitive therapy
C.
electroconvulsive therapy
D.
psychosurgery

drug therapy

Tardive dyskinesia is often associated with long-term use of drugs that occupy certain ________ receptor sites.

dopamine

An important feature of client-centered therapy is

active listening.

The treatment of serious psychological disorders with prescribed medications or medical procedures that directly influence the nervous system is called

biomedical therapy

After discontinuing heavy use of an antianxiety drug, Angela experienced increased anxiety and difficulty sleeping. Angela was experiencing symptoms of

withdrawal.

Which form of therapy would most likely help depressed patients by teaching them how to resolve disagreements with their friends?

interpersonal psychotherapy

An integrative therapy that aims to modify both self-defeating thinking and maladaptive actions is known as

cognitive-behavioral therapy.

The approach that has helped children with autism learn to function successfully in school involves

operant conditioning.

Sluggishness, tremors, and twitches similar to those of Parkinson's disease are most likely to be associated with the excessive use of certain ________ drugs.

antipsychotic

Prozac is an antidepressant drug that partially blocks the reabsorption and removal of ________ from synapses.

serotonin

Group therapy is typically more effective than individual therapy for

enabling people to discover that others have problems similar to their own.

Decreasing negative thoughts by engaging in a pleasant activity is a cognitive therapy technique designed to

reduce anxiety

Which therapeutic approach emphasizes that people are often disturbed because of their negative interpretations of events?

cognitive therapy

A procedure that trains people to make new responses to stimuli that currently trigger unwanted responses is called

counterconditioning.

Which form of therapy is most likely to emphasize the importance of examining a person's role within a social system?
Answer
A.
client-centered therapy
B.
cognitive therapy
C.
family therapy
D.
psychoanalysis

family therapy

Dylan is a second-year undergraduate who feels so incompetent that he believes his life is worthless and hopeless. Dylan would profit the most from

Beck's cognitive therapy

Gina is so fearful of taking tests for college courses that she experiences mild anxiety when registering for a course, intense anxiety when studying for a test, and extreme anxiety when answering actual test questions. Her greatest fear, however, is experienced while waiting for a professor to hand out tests. During the process of systematically desensitizing her test anxiety, the therapist is likely to ask Gina first to imagine

registering for a college course.

Training people to actively dispute their own self-defeating ideas best illustrates

cognitive therapy.

Reinforcing desired behaviors and withholding reinforcement for undesired behaviors is most central to the process of

behavior modification.

Who would be most likely to expect that patients are often motivated to resist retelling a recent dream?

a psychoanalyst

Double-blind studies enable researchers to assess the extent to which drug therapy outcomes are attributable to

the placebo effect.

A central therapeutic technique of psychoanalysis is

free association.

Melissa suffers from auditory hallucinations and falsely believes that her former high school teachers are trying to kill her. Melissa's symptoms are most likely to be relieved by ________ drugs.

antipsychotic

Psychological research on the principles of learning has most directly influenced the development of

behavior therapy.

Psychodynamic therapies try to understand patients' current symptoms by focusing on recurring patterns in their

interpersonal relationships.

ECT studies that include a control condition in which people receive simulated ECT without the shock indicate that the effectiveness of ECT is partially due to

a placebo effect.

The healing power of insight and self-awareness is LEAST likely to be emphasized by ________ therapists.

behavior

Empathic understanding of the patient's subjective experiences is a major goal of a

client-centered therapist.

Edith, a 45-year-old journalist, alternates between extreme sadness and lethargy and extreme euphoria and overactivity. The drug most likely to prove beneficial to her is

lithium.

Therapists practice ________ by using positive reinforcers to reward closer and closer approximations of a desired behavior.

behavior modification

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