this supernatural, free, and undeserved help from God is given for specific circumstances to help us choose what is good and avoid what is evil.
a specific gift or grace of the Holy Spirit which directly or indirectly benefits the church, given in order to help a person live out the Christian life, or to serve the common good in building up the church.
the name given the assembly of people whom God has called together from the ends of the earth. This word has three meanings: the people that God gathers together, the local church (diocese), and the liturgical assembly. Also, the name given to a building used for public Christian worship.
human appetites or desires remain disordered due to the temporal consequences of original sin; concupiscence remains even after baptism and constitutes an inclination to sin. it is often used to refer to desires resulting from strong sensual urges or attachment to things of this world.
a solemn agreement between people or between God and man involving mutual commitments and guarantees.
ex opere operato
a term in sacramental theology (literally, "by the work done"), meaning that sacraments are effective by means of the sacramental rites themselves, and not because of the worthiness of the minister or recipient.
the necessary ritual words and signs that accompany a sacrament.
habitual (sanctifying) grace
an infused gift of the Holy Spirit by which a person receives the divine life of God in one's soul. this grace is also called "sanctifying" grace and through it a person receives the three theological virtues of faith, hope, and charity. habitual grace enables one to live as a true disciple of Christ.
image of god (imago dei)
the image of God, present in all humans by virtue of their creation by Almighty God, is made even more explicit through the sacrament of baptism, whereby one is "baptized into" Christ and made a "new creation." that image of Christ is enhanced through living a life of grace or marred by the commission of sin.
the material or physical sign of a sacrament. examples include water (baptism) and bread and wine (the eucharist).
hebrew for "anointed." this is used in reference to Jesus because he accomplished perfectly the divine mission of priest, prophet, and king, signified by his being anointed as Christ.
the person who adminsters or celebrates a sacrament.
mystical body of christ
based on the teaching of st. paul found in his first letter to the corinthians, this doctrine holds that believers are united to Christ as branches to a vine and, due to that union, united to one another.
adam and eve's abuse of their human freedom in disobeying God's command. as a consequence, they lost the grace of original holiness and justice, and became subject to the law of death; sin became universally present in the world; every person is born into this condition. this sin seperated mankind from God, darkened the human intellect, weakened the human will, and introduced into human nature an inclination toward sin.
from the greek proto meaning "first" and evaggelos meaning "bringing good news." the first message of good news- the first gospel- is genesis 3:15 in which the promise of the messiah and redeemer is foretold.
literally meaning "being brought back," the act by which Jesus Christ, through his sacrificial death on the cross, set us free from the slavery of sin, thus redeeming or "buying us back" from the power of the devil.
an efficacious sign of grace, instituted by Christ and entrusted to the church, by which divine life is dispensed through the work of the Holy Spirit. there are seven sacraments.
an indelible mark, i.e., a permanent and unrepeatable spiritual quality, imprinted on the soul by the sacraments of baptism, confirmation, and holy orders, that gives the christian a share in the priesthood of Christ.
the bodily rising of Jesus from the dead, as he had foretold, on the third day after his death on the cross and burial in the tomb. by virtue of his ressurection, christians have the hope of resurrection with Christ on the last day.
profaning the sacraments or other liturgical actions, or things consecrated to God in a special way, such as priests, religious women and men, churches, shrines, convents or monasteries, icons, statues, etc. extreme irreverence by word or deed.
the free and unmerited favor of God given through the sacraments. this heals human nature wounded by sin by giving man a share in the divine life infused into the soul by the Holy Spirit to heal from sin and sanctify.
God's love for creation is a love that seeks to intervene in the lives of those He loves.
triple concupiscence of adam and eve
human nature is weakened by its powers; subject to ignorance, suffering, and the domination of death; and inclined to sin.
mary's response to gabriel
"Let it be done to me according to your word."
meaning of sacramentum
the initiation oath taken by soldiers upon entering the roman army in which they pledged allegiance to the emperor and promised to devote their lives to the empire and their fellow soldiers.
material sign of baptism
material sign of confirmation
sacred chrism (oil).
material sign of eucharist
bread and wine.
material sign of reconciliation
material sign of holy orders
the laying on of hands.
material sign of matrimony
exchange of vows and consummation.
material sign of anointing of the sick
oil and laying on of hands.
something that produces a desired effect. it causes something to happen.
something that points to a greater reality.
three divine calls of sacraments
a call to personal holiness, a call to worship, and a call to correct moral attitude.
eastern rites of catholic church
the church divided along the roman empire and the west continued to follow the pope and the east looked to the patriarch of constantinople. they aren't different churches or faiths but have different local customs.
bl. otto neururer
he was the first priest to be killed in nazi concentration camps. when nazis took over his town he wasn't intimidated. he told a lady in his parish not to marry a german and was arrested for "slander to the detriment of german marriage." he baptised a fellow prisoner and was taken to the "bunker of extreme punishment" where he died.
sacraments of initiation
baptism, confirmation, and the eucharist.
sacraments of healing
reconciliation and anointing of the sick.
sacraments of vocation
matrimony and holy orders.
ex opere operantis
the subjective state of the minister and recipient.
the external reality of the sacrament. made of a material element, a human action, and a spiritual word.
the sacramental reality. refers to interior, spiritual reality and power from each sacrament.
res et sacramentum
the effect of the sacrament. the interior reality and the outer sign merge to produce an inner effect.