Diet and Nutrition Exam 6

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Chapters: 11,16,17,20,21,22,23,24,25

The preferred route of feeding for clients who have cancer is:

...

An example of an appropriate snack for a patient with xerostomia is:

yogurt smoothie

Compounds found in plants that help inhibit the process of carcinogensis include:

...

Peptic ulcer disease may be caused by:

Helicobacter pylori infection

During pregnancy, women usually need to increase their energy intake by about:

15-20%

The healthcare professional responsible for making valid nutrition diagnosis and recommending a plan of nutrition care is the:

Dietitian

Weight loss in clients with AIDS is characterized by the loss of:

muscle protein

The basic goal of nutrition counseling for clients who are HIV positive is:

promoting optimal nutritional status and quality of life

The main source of dietary sodium is:

processed foods

Nutritional needs during pregnancy are influenced by the mother's age, parity, and:

general health

The presence of gallstones in the gallbladder is called:

cholelithiasis

The most common cause of anemia during pregnancy is:

iron deficiency

Craving and intake of unusual nonfood substances is known as:

pica

An important characteristic of the nutrition care plan for clients who have AIDS is:

use of an individualized plan and adjusting it as needed

The initial diet prescription for clients who have acute pancreatitis is:

...

If someone with type 1 diabetes starts drinking alcoholic beverages an hour before a meal, they are likely to experience:

hypoglycemia

The system that is responsible for the orderly operation of cell structures and functions is the:

...

The presence of protein in the urine is called:

proteinuria

The approach that is most likely to be helpful in diet planning with a client who has cancer is:

using personal food preferences and select nutrient-dense foods

Clients who develop a sore mouth will tolerate foods best that are:

cool and cold

A special therapeutic diet may be modified in:

...

The diagnosis of prehypertension, or stage 2 hypertension is based on:

systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure

Patients who have experienced stroke may need to eat softened foods and thickened liquids if they have:

dysphagia

Patients with CKD who have excessive sodium intakes may experience:

edema and hypertension

Important principles to consider when counseling a client with AIDS include:

...

For clients who have cancer, additional dietary protein is needed to:

regenerate tissue

It is most appropriate to measure height while lying down in:

children age less than 2 years

A major focus of the dietary prescription for people who have type 2 diabetes is to:

...

A principle that is particularly important when counseling clients who have AIDS is:

...

Dietary changes that help reduce the incidence of constipation include:

increasing fluid intake

The kinds of food that can exacerbate nausea are:

bland

Nutrition therapy for clients who have congestive heart failure focuses on restriction of dietary intake of:

sodium

For the client who has reduced salivary secretions and difficulty swallowing the approach that is most likely to be helpful is:

blending food into a semiliquid form

If diverticula of the large intestine become inflamed, the condition is called:

diverticulitis

If the public drinking water has been declared to be unsafe for individuals with compromised immune systems, patients infected with HIV/AIDS should avoid ingesting:

ice and fountain drinks and restaurants

A Vitamin that is necessary for formation of scar tissue during the healing process is:

Vitamin C

The first step in the Nutrition Care Process is nutrition:

...

A step that occurs before the nutrition care process begins is:

...

An important function of carbohydrates in the postoperative period is to:

spare protein for tissue synthesis

Development of coronary heart disease is related to:

fibrous plaques in coronary vessels

It is important that energy needs in pregnancy are met so that:

optimal fetal growth is ensured

The cause of essential hypertension is:

unknown

A key component in the etiology of hepatic encephalopathy is:

high ammonia levels in the systemic circulation

The best way to relieve constipation during pregnancy is to:

increase intake of fluids and foods high in dietary fiber:

Dietary guidelines that may help prevent development of cancer include:

limiting intake of high-fat foods

Patients who have lost muscle mass, may benefit from:

...

A client wit diabetes would need to adjust or modify their diet if he or she is:

ill or under stress

One way in which oral hypoglycemic drugs act to lower elevated blood glucose levels is by:

stimulating the pancreas to produce more insulin

Development of type 2 diabetes is closely linked to:

physical inactivity

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