SC Medieval warfare

30 terms by MarkRJohnston Teacher

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Motte

Term for a mound on which castles were built

Bailey

Open area in early castle

Palisade

Wooden fence

Keep

Strong stone building in a castle

Concentric

Castle with inner and outer walls

Men-at-arms

Professional soldiers, second in quality only to knights

Tournament

Large-scale sporting contest between knights

Coat

Badge of a noble family: ______ of arms

Heraldry

Selection and granting of coats of arms

Fleur

Artistic version of a lily: ____-de-lis

Chain

Early type of armour

Plate

Later style of armour

Two-handed

Powerful sword

Mace

Clubbing weapon

Morning star

Weapon with chain and ball

War hammer

Weapon looking like a small sledgehammer

China

Country where gunpowder originated

Gunpowder

Its introduction made castles obsolete

Hundred

Name of a war between France and England:_____ Years War

France

Country that won the Hundred Years War

Fer

Type of cannon firing a metal arrow: Pot de ____

Bombard

Early cannon that fired heavy metal and stone balls

Belfry

Medieval siege tower

Trebuchet

Large catapult

Ballista

Huge crossbow

Murder hole

Hole through which missiles and liquid could be dropped in castle: _____ hole

Hoarding

Timber structure projecting from castle walls

Battlements

Top or parapet of a castle wall

Crenellation

The up and down effect on a castle wall

Longbow

Powerful weapon for which English and Welsh archers were famous

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