AP World History Unit 3 Test

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AP World History Unit 3 Test

The word Islam means
A) submission.
B) one who has submitted.
C) the god.
D) Arabia.
E) None of these answers is correct.

A) submission.

The nature of the society into which the prophet Muhammad was born was
A) an urban-based culture with small manufacturing.
B) a pastoral society with many camels.
C) an agricultural society dominated by warriors.
D) a society made up largely of nomads and merchants.
E) a society based on maritime trade.

D) a society made up largely of nomads and merchants

Muhammad experienced profound spiritual revelations that led him to believe that
A) he was chosen by Allah to create a new religion.
B) he was the last prophet of Allah.
C) Judaism and Christianity were major offenses to Allah.
D) Allah was one of many gods.
E) None of these answers is correct.

B) he was the last prophet of Allah.

The Quran
A) is the holy book of Islam.
B) were priests who watched over the Ka'ba.
C) was Muhammad's journey to Yathrib.
D) was written by Muhammad.
E) were Islamic scholar-bureaucrats

A) is the holy book of Islam.

Under pressure from authorities in Mecca, Muhammad and his followers fled to Medina in 622. Muslims call this move
A) the hijra.
B) the umma.
C) Yathrib.
D) the hajj.
E) None of these answers is correct.

A) the hijra.

The Five Pillars are to Muslims as
A) the hadith is to Muslims.
B) the Noble Eightfold Path is to Buddhists.
C) the four Vedas are to the Aryans.
D) the book of Genesis is to Christians.
E) None of these answers is correct.

B) the Noble Eightfold Path is to Buddhists.

Which of the following is NOT true with regard to the sharia?
A) It offered detailed guidance on proper behavior in almost every aspect of life.
B) It was created by the prophet Muhammad.
C) It drew inspiration especially from the Quran.
D) It drew inspiration from the hadith.
E) It helped to unite the disparate parts of dar al-Islam.

B) It was created by the prophet Muhammad.

Which of the following is true of the early caliphs?
A) The early caliphs quickly rejected many of Muhammad's teachings.
B) The caliph was strictly a political leader, not a religious one.
C) The early caliphs were unanimously agreed upon by the umma.
D) The early caliphs concentrated on religious doctrine, not expansion.
E) None of these answers is correct

E) None of these answers is correct.

The Umayyad dynasty was founded by
A) the Shia.
B) the Sunnis.
C) Abu al-Abbas.
D) Abu Bakr.
E) None of these answers is correct.

B) the Sunnis.

Which of the following actions was NOT taken by the Umayyad caliphs?
A) They became more and more lax in their attitudes toward Islamic doctrine.
B) They levied a special head tax called jizya on non-Muslims.
C) They showed great favor to the Arab military aristocracy.
D) They temporarily solved the problem of succession to the caliphate.
E) They maintained their simple lifestyle even in the capital of Damascus.

E) They maintained their simple lifestyle even in the capital of Damascus.

Differing from the Umayyad caliphs, the Abbasid rulers
A) were from the Shia sect.
B) did not allow the Arabs to play a large role in government.
C) paid more attention to administration rather than expansion of the empire.
D) moved the capital to Mecca.
E) All these answers are correct

C) paid more attention to administration rather than expansion of the empire.

Ulama and qadis were important in Islamic society because they
A) developed public policies and heard cases in accordance with the Quran and the sharia.
B) were learned priests in the roles of magistrates and judges.
C) were effective missionaries encouraging the people's obedience and devotion to Allah.
D) were part of the military arm of Islam, responsible for its expansion.
E) All these answers are correct.

A) developed public policies and heard cases in accordance with the Quran and the sharia.

Which of the following statements is NOT true with regard to the Saljuq Turks?
A) They invaded the Byzantine empire and seized much of Anatolia.
B) They converted to Islam in the tenth century.
C) They usurped the Abbasid caliphate and claimed the title of caliph for themselves.
D) They were conquered by the Mongols.
E) They were the true source of power of the Abbasids for about two centuries.

C) They usurped the Abbasid caliphate and claimed the title of caliph for themselves.

During Abbasid times, the Arabs learned from China the technique of making
A) fine silk.
B) woodblock prints.
C) gunpowder and cannons.
D) paper.
E) All these answers are correct.

D) paper.

Islamic Spain, known as al-Andalus, was
A) controlled by Muslim Berber conquerors.
B) not part of the Abbasid empire.
C) the source of a failed invasion of France.
D) the home of Ibn Rushd (Averroes).
E) All these answers are correct.

E) All these answers are correct.

Which of the following was NOT a right of Arab women?
A) They could legally inherit property and divorce husbands.
B) They could engage in business ventures.
C) They were equal to men before Allah, not the property of men.
D) They could take up to four husbands, just as a man could take up to four wives.
E) None of these answers is correct.

D) They could take up to four husbands, just as a man could take up to four wives.

The veiling of women as a social custom was
A) not specifically addressed in the Quran.
B) practiced long before Muhammad was born.
C) adopted from Byzantine and Sasanid societies by Muslims.
D) originally practiced by upper-class women.
E) All these answers are correct.

E) All these answers are correct.

Which of the following was true of Sufis?
A) They were very effective missionaries.
B) They sought an emotional and mystical union with Allah.
C) They used emotional sermons and song and dance to encourage devotion.
D) They tolerated observances of some non-Islamic customs.
E) All these answers are correct.

E) All these answers are correct.

The hajj
A) is one of the Five Pillars of Islam.
B) helped to unite Muslims from disparate parts of the world.
C) ends at the Ka'ba in Mecca.
D) contributed to the spread of Islamic beliefs and values.
E) All these answers are correct.

E) All these answers are correct.

Which of the following is NOT correct in describing cultural influences on Islam?
A) Persian literature deeply influenced Islamic literary works.
B) Indian numerals had a profound influence on the development of mathematical thinking among Muslims.
C) The caliphs adopted Persian ideas of kingship.
D) Greek rational reasoning had a long-lasting influence on the theological development of Islam.
E) None of these answers is correct.

D) Greek rational reasoning had a long-lasting influence on the theological development of Islam.

ang became a well-known monk of the Tang dynasty because
A) he was the only Chinese individual who made the pilgrimage to Mecca.
B) his travels and study in India helped to popularize Buddhism in China.
C) he was persecuted by the emperor for his violation of the ban on traveling abroad.
D) he helped to develop neo-Confucianism.
E) None of these answers is correct.

B) his travels and study in India helped to popularize Buddhism in China

Which of the following does NOT describe the Sui dynasty?
A) It reunified China and launched military campaigns in central Asia and Korea.
B) It imposed high taxes and compulsory labor services for construction of the Grand Canal.
C) It brought about great prosperity in China and long-lived imperial rule.
D) It only lasted a short period of time.
E) The last emperor was assassinated, bringing the dynasty to an end

C) It brought about great prosperity in China and long-lived imperial rule

The Tang maintained an efficient communication network, which can be seen by the fact that
A) the Tang court could communicate with the most distant cities of the empire in about three months.
B) emperors at Chang'an could have fresh seafood delivered from Ningbo, a city 620 miles away.
C) the Grand Canal was initiated under Tang rule.
D) they utilized camels and caravans almost exclusively.
E) All these answers are correct.

B) emperors at Chang'an could have fresh seafood delivered from Ningbo, a city 620 miles away

Under the equal-field system, the Tang government
A) allotted land according to the land's fertility and the recipients' needs.
B) eliminated the possibility of concentrated landholdings among the wealthy.
C) was able to levy heavy taxes on the recipients.
D) forbade Buddhist monasteries from controlling land.
E) All these answers are correct.

A) allotted land according to the land's fertility and the recipients' needs

The Tang government was run primarily by
A) hereditary aristocratic families.
B) royal kinsmen and relatives.
C) descendents of the Sui.
D) bureaucrats of intellectual merit.
E) samurai warriors

D) bureaucrats of intellectual merit.

"There was always something of a fictional quality to the [tributary] system." By this statement the authors mean that
A) envoys from subordinate lands were not sincere in performing the ritual kowtow to Chinese emperors.
B) Chinese authorities had little real influence in the supposedly subordinate lands.
C) Chinese courts also gave lavish gifts to foreign envoys.
D) the Chinese did not actually receive any tribute from these lands.
E) None of these answers is correct.

B) Chinese authorities had little real influence in the supposedly subordinate lands.

One cause for Tang decline during the mid-eighth century was that
A) the emperor neglected public affairs in favor of music and mistresses.
B) military campaigns in central Asia, Korea, and Vietnam drained Tang finances.
C) the central government abolished the equal-field system.
D) the Mongols continued to invade.
E) All these answers are correct

A) the emperor neglected public affairs in favor of music and mistresses.

Compared with the Tang dynasty, the Song dynasty was
A) shorter-lived.
B) less centralized.
C) equal in size.
D) less militarized.
E) All these answers are correct

D) less militarized.

The Song government moved from north to south in the early twelfth century because of the invasion of the
A) Khitan.
B) Jurchen.
C) Uighurs.
D) Mongols.
E) Muslims

B) Jurchen.

Fast-ripening rice
A) was introduced to China from Vietnam.
B) enabled cultivators to harvest two times a year.
C) increased food supply and supported a large population.
D) adapted well to southern Chinese soil.
E) All these answers are correct

E) All these answers are correct

The practice of foot binding
A) was adopted as a way to venerate family ancestors.
B) discouraged peasant women from working in the fields.
C) became universal in China by the end of the Song.
D) placed women of the privileged classes under male supervision.
E) None of these answers is correct.

D) placed women of the privileged classes under male supervision.

Which of the following was NOT a major technological innovation of Tang and Song China?
A) gunpowder
B) the magnetic compass
C) movable type printing
D) paper making
E) fine porcelain

D) paper making

"Flying cash" in the early Tang dynasty meant
A) paper money printed by the government as a substitute for heavy copper currency.
B) letters of credit used by merchants.
C) that money changed hands so quickly it seemed as though it could fly.
D) runaway inflation.
E) None of these answers is correct.

B) letters of credit used by merchants.

During Tang times, several foreign religions came to China. The foreign faiths that did NOT arrive in China included
A) Nestorian Christianity and Manichaeism.
B) Hinduism and Jainism.
C) Zoroastrianism and Islam.
D) Buddhism and Zoroastrianism.
E) None of these answers is correct, because all of these religions did come to China in this period.

B) Hinduism and Jainism.

In order for Buddhism to be accepted in China, Chinese Buddhists
A) changed the Buddha and the boddhisatvas into Daoist deities.
B) accommodated Buddhism to Chinese values such as filial piety.
C) paid high taxes from their monasteries to the Chinese government.
D) persecuted believers in Daoism and Confucianism.
E) All these answers are correct.

B) accommodated Buddhism to Chinese values such as filial piety.

The poet of the Tang who wrote of the social life in cities was
A) Zhu Xi.
B) Xuanzang.
C) Song Taizu.
D) Li Bo.
E) Du Fu.

D) Li Bo.

Despite cultural borrowing and imitation, Korea was still different from China in that
A) aristocrats dominated Korean society, while bureaucrats dominated Chinese life.
B) Koreans accepted neo-Confucianism but rejected Buddhism.
C) the Silla capital at Kumsong did not resemble the Chinese capital at Chang'an.
D) the Koreans were not nearly as scholarly as the Chinese.
E) All these answers are correct.

A) aristocrats dominated Korean society, while bureaucrats dominated Chinese life

Which of the following is true of Vietnam during Tang and Song times?
A) Many Vietnamese retained their indigenous traditions in preference to Chinese cultural traditions.
B) Vietnamese authorities established an administrative system and bureaucracy modeled on that of China.
C) Vietnamese women had more freedoms than their Chinese counterparts did.
D) The Vietnamese won their independence from China with the fall of the Tang.
E) All these answers are correct

E) All these answers are correct.

The earliest phases of Japanese history included
A) the Kamakura and Muromachi periods.
B) the Nara and Heian periods.
C) the Taira and Minamoto periods.
D) the age of the samurai.
E) the medieval period

B) the Nara and Heian periods.

In medieval Japan, professional warriors were called
A) samurai.
B) bushido.
C) shogun.
D) seppuku.
E) None of these answers is correct.

A) samurai.

The Book of the Wonders of India
A) is an accurate primary source on Indian history during the tenth century.
B) included many tall tales about foreign lands.
C) was written by an Indian trader.
D) detailed the overland trade routes to India.
E) None of these answers is correct

B) included many tall tales about foreign lands.

Differing from the south, northern India during the postclassical era was
A) predominantly Buddhist.
B) one large empire.
C) wealthy and prosperous.
D) turbulent and chaotic.
E) All these answers are correct.

D) turbulent and chaotic.

Harsha's kingdom
A) was strongly influenced by Buddhism.
B) restored unified rule in most of northern India through military force.
C) supported scholarship through patronage.
D) collapsed upon Harsha's death.
E) All these answers are correct.

E) All these answers are correct.

Islam spread in India through
A) the presence of merchants from the Islamic world.
B) Turkish migrations.
C) Arab expeditions into the Sind.
D) the influence of the sultanate of Delhi.
E) All these answers are correct.

E) All these answers are correct.

The Chola kingdom and the kingdom of Vijayanagar
A) were states of southeast Asia.
B) imposed centralized, imperial rule in southern India.
C) were two of the larger states to form in southern India.
D) were important Muslim states.
E) None of these answers is correct

C) were two of the larger states to form in southern India.

Agriculture of the Indian subcontinent relied on
A) monsoon rains.
B) irrigation systems.
C) reservoirs.
D) dams and canals.
E) All these answers are correct.

E) All these answers are correct.

According to the account of Cosmas Indicopleustes, southern India and Ceylon during the sixth century were
A) the world's most urbanized lands.
B) great markets for imports and exports.
C) famous for their dhows, junks, and emporia.
D) places where Christians were persecuted.
E) All these answers are correct

B) great markets for imports and exports.

Besides their religious purpose, Hindu temples also served as
A) large land owners and banks.
B) educational institutions.
C) organizers of irrigation.
D) economic and social centers.
E) All these answers are correct

E) All these answers are correct.

Which of the following was a common trade commodity seen in India?
A) cotton from China
B) spices from southeast Asia
C) slaves from central Asia
D) silk from India
E) horses from east Africa

B) spices from southeast Asia

The kingdom of Axum
A) was one of the most powerful kingdoms in northern India.
B) was one of the earliest Islamic kingdoms.
C) prospered from the trade coming through its port city of Adulis.
D) was unable to resist Arab invasions.
E) All these answers are correct.

C) prospered from the trade coming through its port city of Adulis

Which of the following is true with regard to the development of the caste system during the postclassical era?
A) It helped to integrate immigrants into Indian society.
B) Guilds of merchants and manufacturers became powerful castes of India.
C) It extended to southern India.
D) It was promoted by powerful temples.
E) All these answers are correct

E) All these answers are correct.

Invasions of India by Turkish Muslims hastened the decline of Buddhism because
A) Buddhists were convinced that Buddha was not helpful for personal salvation.
B) Muslim rulers banned Buddhism.
C) the invaders looted and destroyed Buddhist stupas and shrines.
D) the Hindus persecuted all other religions after the invasions.
E) None of these answers is correct.

C) the invaders looted and destroyed Buddhist stupas and shrines

A) two Hindu philosophers with very different ideas about personal salvation.
B) two brahmin philosophers who promoted the caste system in India.
C) equally important to the development of devotional cults in popular Hinduism.
D) philosophers who worshipped Vishnu and Shiva respectively.
E) All these answers are correct

A) two Hindu philosophers with very different ideas about personal salvation

Islam in India had a strong appeal to members of lower castes because
A) conversion to Islam made them equal with other caste members.
B) Islam promised the spiritual equality of all believers.
C) Allah was more competent than Shiva and Vishnu in terms of salvation.
D) Islam was less dependent on the written word than were other religions.
E) All these answers are correct.

B) Islam promised the spiritual equality of all believers

The bhakti movement was
A) launched by Guru Kabir in southern India.
B) a campaign designed to expel Islam from India.
C) a missionary cult that promoted a personal, emotional approach to Islam.
D) a religious movement that sought to erase the distinction between Hinduism and Islam.
E) None of these answers is correct.

D) a religious movement that sought to erase the distinction between Hinduism and Islam

Which of the following was NOT adopted by ruling elites of southeast Asia?
A) the Indian caste system
B) the model of Indian states
C) Hinduism and Buddhism
D) Sanskrit
E) Islam

A) the Indian caste system

Funan was
A) the first southeast Asian state known to have adopted many Indian practices.
B) the only Islamic state in southeast Asia.
C) the only state that did not show Indian influence in southeast Asia.
D) the only state to control an all-sea trade route between China and India.
E) the last Hindu state in southeast Asia.

A) the first southeast Asian state known to have adopted many Indian practices.

The capital of the Angkor state
A) was a microcosmic reflection of the Hindu world order.
B) had Buddhist elements added to its architecture.
C) fell to ruins after Thai peoples invaded.
D) was rediscovered in the jungle by Europeans in the mid-nineteenth century.
E) All these answers are correct.

E) All these answers are correct.

Which of the following is NOT true of Islam in southeast Asia?
A) It did not arrive there until after the thirteenth century.
B) It was practiced by foreign merchants in port cities for centuries.
C) Ruling elites and traders were the first locals to become interested in the faith.
D) It often blended with other, more traditional religions.
E) It was promoted by Sufi mystics

A) It did not arrive there until after the thirteenth century.

Differing from other southeast Asian states, Melaka was predominantly a(n)
A) Buddhist state.
B) Confucian state.
C) Christian state.
D) Islamic state.
E) None of these answers is correct.

D) Islamic state.

According to the Byzantine historian Procopius, who was responsible for introducing silk production to the Mediterranean?
A) a Chinese merchant
B) a western expedition of explorers and merchants
C) a Roman ambassador
D) two Christian monks
E) a delegation of Chinese Buddhist monks

D) two Christian monks

From the fall of Rome to the twelfth century, ________ was the political and economic powerhouse of the Mediterranean region.
A) France
B) Spain
C) the Byzantine empire
D) Egypt
E) Greece

C) the Byzantine empire

Caesaropapism was
A) the effort by the pope to assert control over the western Roman empire.
B) the effort by the pope to assert control over the eastern Roman empire.
C) the effort by Caesar to assert control over the Catholic church.
D) the effort by eastern Roman emperors to regain control of Rome.
E) the effort by Constantine to reign as emperor and actively control ecclesiastical affairs

E) the effort by Constantine to reign as emperor and actively control ecclesiastical affairs

The attitude of Byzantine rulers towards their subjects and court was
A) simple and dignified, discarding much of the pomp of the Roman empire.
B) highly formal, with an emphasis on protocol and lavish dress.
C) businesslike, with efficiency and communication being more important than etiquette.
D) democratic.
E) overwhelmingly informal.

B) highly formal, with an emphasis on protocol and lavish dress.

Who was the most important of the early Byzantine rulers?
A) Justinian
B) Diocletian
C) Constantine
D) Theodora
E) Belisarius

A) Justinian

In Byzantium, the ________ provided land to peasants in exchange for military service.
A) corvée labor system
B) theme system
C) military draft
D) emperor
E) church

B) theme system

Byzantine empire regulations limited individuals to participate in only one phase of ________, to prevent the creation of a monopoly.
A) the glassware industry
B) the linen industry
C) gem-cutting and jewelry manufacture
D) the silk industry
E) gold and silver work

D) the silk industry

The most important city in Byzantium and probably in the Mediterranean was
A) Constantinople.
B) Alexandria.
C) Athens.
D) Rome.
E) Ravenna

A) Constantinople.

In 1054 C.E., the patriarch of the Byzantine church and the Catholic pope
A) met to reconcile the two traditions.
B) mutually excommunicated each other, creating a schism that continues today.
C) promoted a peace agreement between the Byzantine emperor and the Bulgar king.
D) fielded armies to battle each other.
E) lent mutual support to the first crusade

B) mutually excommunicated each other, creating a schism that continues today.

The wealthiest and most powerful city organized by the Slavs in Russia was
A) Moscow.
B) Kursk.
C) Adrianople.
D) Novgorod.
E) Kiev

E) Kiev.

The most important catalyst for increased Byzantine influence in Russia was
A) the visits of Russian merchants to Constantinople.
B) the conversion of Prince Vladimir to Orthodox Christianity.
C) the development of the Cyrillic alphabet.
D) the arrival of missionary saints Cyril and Methodius in Russia.
E) military and economic aid to Russian leaders from Byzantium.

B) the conversion of Prince Vladimir to Orthodox Christianity.

Abu al-Abbas became well known in the court of Charlemagne as a
A) distinguished diplomat from the Islamic world.
B) beloved pet from an Indian king.
C) gift from the Abbasid court.
D) Muslim enemy of the king.
E) None of these answers is correct.

C) gift from the Abbasid court.

torians use the term middle ages to refer to the
A) fact that Europe became mature from 500 to 1500.
B) era from about 500 to 1500 C.E.
C) crisis of western Europe.
D) time between the fall of Rome and the emergence of Christianity.
E) All these answers are correct.

B) era from about 500 to 1500 C.E.

Which of the following was done by Charlemagne?
A) He built an impressive, if relatively short-lived, empire in western Europe.
B) He rejected coronation by the pope.
C) He established a large bureaucracy to rule his empire.
D) He wrote an important book on the art of statecraft.
E) All these answers are correct

A) He built an impressive, if relatively short-lived, empire in western Europe.

The Carolingian empire dissolved because
A) Charlemagne's descendants were politically weak and disunited.
B) Vikings began raiding northern France.
C) Charlemagne's grandsons divided the empire into three parts.
D) Magyars raided France from the east.
E) All these answers are correct.

E) All these answers are correct

The term feudalism
A) refers to feuds between aristocratic families, which had become a social norm.
B) means a political and social order that was highly centralized.
C) means the king's power being completely overthrown by the local lords.
D) is a term that has fallen out of favor among historians.
E) None of these answers is correct.

D) is a term that has fallen out of favor among historians.

The relationship between lord and retainer was
A) stable.
B) exploitative.
C) reciprocal.
D) antagonistic.
E) All these answers are correct

C) reciprocal.

In the early middle ages, the economic activity of western Europe was
A) efficient and fast.
B) predominantly agricultural.
C) commercial and urban.
D) based on long-distance trade.
E) None of these answers is correct.

B) predominantly agricultural.

St. Scholastica
A) established a convent and began to accept nuns for the first time in the history of Christianity.
B) devised an entirely new set of regulations as guidance for the religious life of women in convents.
C) strongly believed that women should be allowed to become priests and monks.
D) adapted the Benedictine rule as guidance for nuns.
E) None of these answers is correct.

D) adapted the Benedictine rule as guidance for nuns.

Which of the following social services was NOT provided by monasteries?
A) inns, refuges
B) banks, shops, factories
C) schools
D) medical care
E) orphanages

B) banks, shops, factories

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