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free soil party

In August 1848 at Buffalo, New York, a meeting of anti-slavery members of the Whig Party and the Liberty Party established the Free-Soil Party. The new party opposed the extension of slavery into the western territories. The main slogan of the party was "free soil, free speech, free labour, and free men"

nullification crisis

The Nullification Crisis was a sectional crisis during the presidency of Andrew Jackson created by South Carolina's 1832 Ordinance of Nullification. This ordinance declared, by the power of the State itself, that the federal Tariff of 1828 and the federal Tariff of 1832 were unconstitutional and therefore null and void within the sovereign boundaries of South Carolina. The controversial, and highly protective, Tariff of 1828 (also called the "Tariff of Abominations") was enacted into law during the presidency of John Quincy Adams.

Dred scott decision (Dred Scott vs. Sanford)

decision by the United States Supreme Court that ruled that people of African descent imported into the United States and held as slaves, or their descendants[2]—whether or not they were slaves—were not protected by the Constitution and could never be citizens of the United States. It also held that the United States Congress had no authority to prohibit slavery in federal territories.

tariff of 1828 "abominations"

first protective tariff of the US, The goal of the tariff was to protect industry in the northern and southern United States, which were being driven out of business by low-priced European and particularly British manufactured goods.

missouri compromise

The Missouri Compromise was an agreement passed in 1820 between the pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the United States Congress, involving primarily the regulation of slavery in the western territories. It prohibited slavery in the former Louisiana Territory north of the parallel 36°30' north except within the boundaries of the proposed state of Missouri.

3/5 compromise

The Three-Fifths compromise was a compromise between Southern and Northern states reached during the Philadelphia Convention of 1787 in which three-fifths of the population of slaves would be counted for enumeration purposes regarding both the distribution of taxes and the apportionment of the members of the United States House of Representatives. It was proposed by delegates James Wilson and Roger Sherman.

women's rights

seneca falls convention: The seed for the first Woman's Rights Convention was planted in 1840, when Elizabeth Cady Stanton met Lucretia Mott at the World Anti-Slavery Convention in London, the conference that refused to seat Mott and other women delegates from America because of their sex.

transcendentalism

Transcendentalism is an American literary, political, and philosophical movement of the early nineteenth century, centered around Ralph Waldo Emerson. Other important transcendentalists were Henry David Thoreau, Margaret Fuller

utopian societies (part of transcendentalism)

(1) brook farm: MA, 20 members committed to transcendentalism, "plain living, high thinking" (2) Oneida Community: practiced "free love", birth control (3) Shakers: led by mother ann lee, 6,000, prohibited marriage and sex so they died out

mormons

Joseph Smith was their "prophet", had a religious oligarchy, polygamy, he was murdered. Brigham Young took over and was both head of mormons and Gov. of Utah. Had to give up governor position b/c the US didnt like the mix of church and state

Adventists

The term Adventist generally refers to someone who believes in the Second Advent of Jesus (popularly known as the Second coming) in the tradition of the Millerites. The largest church within the movement today is the Seventh-day Adventist Church. The Adventist family of churches are regarded today as conservative Protestants

Temperance movement

The temperance movement of the 19th and early 20th centuries was an organized effort to encourage moderation in the consumption of intoxicating liquors or press for complete abstinence. The movement's ranks were mostly filled by women who, with their children, had endured the effects of unbridled drinking by many of their menfolk. Neal Dow: "Father of Prohibition"

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