Growing empire that annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina; declares war on Serbia after assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Southern Slavic nation; home to the Black Hand; Austria-Hungary declares war on first
Southern Slavic nation seeking independence; annexation by Austria-Hungary creates war in the Balkans; housed parade that killed Ferdinand
Southern Slavic nation seeking independence
Austria-Hungary, Germany, Ottoman Empire, Italy
England, France, Russia
Confict between France and Prussia that creates deep divdes in European nations; the beginning of the alliances
Idea that a country's way of life or culture is better than others and should be spread around the world to other countries
Idea that a country should remain neutral and stay out of global entanglements
Deep love and pride in your country or culture
Bosnia, Herzegovina, Serbia
Heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary; assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia; spark that starts war in Europe
Slavic nationalist and member of the Black Hand, kills Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife
Former great empire in Europe and Asia, as it crumbles Bosnia and Herzegovina seek independence
Humiliated by Germans in Franco-Prussian War; Member of Triple Entente; looking to regain status is Europe
Big Brother to and culturally similar to Austria-Hungary, writes a "blank check" of support if Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia
Enters war after Germany invades Belgium, a neutral country
Big Brother to and culturally similar to Balkan nations; moblizes once Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia, causes Germany to enter war
Tries to remain neutral; country is divided about who to support because of its mixed cultures
Slavic Nationalist group that plans and executes the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Treaty of San Stefano
This was a treaty established after Russia (for Serbia and Montenegro) defeated the Ottoman Empire. This treaty expaned Russia to the Danube River and created Bulgaria as a Russian satellite (this annoyed Great Britian becasuse they sought to expand in that area as well)
The first "Kaiser" of the Empire of Germany
grandson of Queen Victoria and Kaiser of Germany from 1888 to 1918. Wanted Powerful Navy
Congress of Berlin
(1878) Assembly of representatives from Germany, Russia, Hungary, Britain, France, Italy, and the Ottoman Empire. Meeting was to reorganize the countries of the Balkans - led to greater nationalism.
Otto Von Bismark
Prussian Diplomat responsible for the unification of Germany. Cunning politician, fights Danes with Austrians and Germans. Expels Austrians from Zollverein, fights Austrian-Prussian war w/ help of Germans. Gets North Germkan Confederation, led by Prussia. Then fights French, Franco-Prussian war, gets rest of Germany and Alsace-Lorraine. Diplomat under William I of Prussia, and then Wiliam II, who makes the mistake of firing him.
German-Russian Treaty. Bismarck crafted the Russian-German Reinsurance Treaty, by which both states promised neutrality if the other was attacked. It was ended in 1890 because the new Emperor William of Germany had dismissed Bismarck because of his friendly policy toward Russia. Then he had refused to renew the treaty. (893)
The Schlieffin Plan
This was germany's 6 week plan for war in which German would cross threw belgium then crush the France and thus ridding Great Britian of ports to land their troop and winning the war (unfortanly for Germany this plan failed in aplication when Germany asked to invade Begium, a neutral state)
1896, William II sent Kruger of the Transvaal a congratulatory telegram upon hearing of the failure of the Jamison Raid. Alerted Britain of the dangers from Germany.
military confrontation between great britain and france in the sudan in 1898.
1st Morocan crisis
France vs. Germany. France wanted Morocco for itself, and Germany demanded an international conference to settle Morocco's future. The crisis was a disaster for German diplomacy because Austria-Hungary was the only one that remained loyal to Germany. It led to French and British officials to begin talks about mutual military interests., This was a failed attempt at brinksmenship by william II, it actualy strenghtened the realationship between Great Britain and France (Etente Cordial)
International conference called to deal with the Moroccan question. French get Morocco, Germany gets nothing, isolated. Result is U.S, Britain, France, Russia see Germany as a threat.
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
treaty in which Russia lost substantial territory to the Germans. This ended Russian participation in the war.
2nd Morocan Crisis
This was a sucessful attempt at brinksmenship by william II in which he sent the SS Panther (a dreadnaught) in to africa to Attack France. Afterwards Great Britian forced France to back down because Great britian didn't want to fight also (Etente Cordial)
Young rebellious people in the Ottoman Empire who forced the Sultan to reform
on October 5, 1908, Bulgaria declared its independence and on October 6, 1908, Austria-Hungary announced the annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Sir Edward Grey
The British Foreign minister at the time WWI started
Concert of Europe
the balance of power that existed in Europe from the fall of Napoleon in 1815 to the end of the Crimean War. Its founding members were the UK, Austria, Russia and Prussia who were also members of the Quadruple Alliance responsible for the downfall of Napoleon I;
League of Three Emperors
Was created by Otto von Bismark to isolate France. William I of Germany, Alex II of Russia, Franz Josef of Austria-Hungary
created by Bismarck; contained Austria-Hungary and Germany when Russia left the alliance preceding the Congress of Berlin
the spark that started ww1, the assasination of franz ferdinand, the archduke of austria hungary, and his wife sofia
Lead by Jameson; a raid on the Boers in 1895; lead to a British defeat
admiral and first secretary of G navy, largely responsible for the buildup of the G navy prior to the war and for country's aggressive submarine strategy
The series of understandings, or agreements, between France and Britian that led to their alliance in World War 1
new class of ship created by the British due to the Anglo-German Naval Race. made many British ships obsolete. stayed in port during wwi.
Germany's full support of Austria. But not really. Germany still had say,
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
War Guilt Clause
in treaty of Versailles; declared germany and austria responsible for WWI; ordered Germany to pay reparation to Allied powers
All Quiet on the Western Front
(1929) a novel written by Erich Maria Remarque illustrating the horrors of World War I and the experiences of veterans and soldiers. It was extremely popular, but also caused a lot of political controversy when it was first published, and was banned in Germany in the 1930's.
A poorly planned and badly executed Allied campaign to capture the Turkish peninsula of Gallipoli during 1915 in World War I. Intended to open up a sea lane to the Russians through the Black Sea, the attempt failed with more than 50 percent casualties on both sides.
Battle of Somme
The allies tried to break through the German's in France and it was one of the bloodiest battles of WWI.
Battle of Verdun
1916 German assault on the French fortress- turned into a battle of attrition France won.