Chapter 22 Musculoskeletal System

19 terms by gelatodave

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

In which of the following ethnic groups has the lowest incidence of osteoporosis?
A) African Americans
B) Whites
C) Asians
D) American Indians

A) African Americans

Heberden and Bouchard nodes are hard and nontender and are associated with:
A) osteoarthritis.
B) rheumatoid arthritis.
C) Dupuytren contracture.
D) metacarpophalangeal bursitis.

A) osteoarthritis.

The divisions of the spinal vertebrae include:
A) Cervical, thoracic, scaphoid, sacral, and clavicular.
B) Scapular, clavicular, lumbar, scaphoid, and fasciculi.
C) Cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal.
D) Cervical, lumbar, iliac, synovial, and capsular.

C) Cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal.

When testing for muscle strength, the examiner should:
A) observe muscles for the degree of contraction when the individual lifts a heavy object.
B) apply an opposing force when the individual puts a joint in flexion or extension.
C) measure the degree of force that it takes to overcome joint flexion or extension.
D) estimate the degree of flexion and extension in each joint.

B) apply an opposing force when the individual puts a joint in flexion or extension.

The knee joint is the articulation of three bones, the:
A) femur, fibula, and patella.
B) femur, radius, and olecranon process.
C) fibula, tibia, and patella.
D) femur, tibia, and patella.

D) femur, tibia, and patella.

When assessing for the presence of a herniated nucleus pulposus, the examiner would:
A) raise each of the patient's legs straight while keeping the knee extended.
B) ask the patient to bend over and touch the floor while keeping the legs straight.
C) instruct the patient to do a knee bend.
D) abduct and adduct the patient's legs while keeping the knee extended.

A) raise each of the patient's legs straight while keeping the knee extended.

Crepitation is an audible sound that is produced by:
A) roughened articular surfaces moving over each other.
B) tendons or ligaments that slip over bones during motion.
C) joints that are stretched when placed in hyperflexion or hyperextension.
D) flexion and extension of an inflamed bursa.

A) roughened articular surfaces moving over each other.

Bundles of muscle fibers that compose skeletal muscle are identified as:
A) fasciculi.
B) fasciculations.
C) ligaments.
D) tendons.

A) fasciculi.

The production of red blood cells in the bone marrow is called:
A) hematopoiesis.
B) hemolysis.
C) hemoptysis.
D) hemianopsia.

A) hematopoiesis.

The musculoskeletal system functions include:
A) protection and storage.
B) movement and elimination.
C) storage and control.
D) propulsion and preservation.

A) protection and storage.

During an assessment of the spin, the patient would be asked to:
a. abduct and extend.
b. supinate, evert, and retract.
c. extend, adduct, invert, and rotate.
d. flex, extend, abduct, and rotate.

d. flex, extend, abduct, and rotate.

Pronation and supination of the hand and forearm are the result of the articulation of the :
a. scapula and clavicle
b. radius and ulna
c. patella and condyle of fibula
d. femur and acetabulum

b. radius and ulna

Anterior and posterior stability is provided to the knee joint by the:
a. medial and lateral menisci.
b. patellar tendon and ligament
c. medial collateral ligament and quadriceps muscle.
d. anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments

d. anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments

A 70-year-old woman has come for a health examination. Which of the following is a common age-related change in the curvature of the spinal column?
a. lordosis
b. scoliosis
c. kyphosis
d. lateral scoliosis

c. kyphosis

The timing of joint pain may assist the examiner in determining the cause. The joint pain associated with rheumatic fever would:
a. be worse in the morning
b. be worse later in the day
c. be worse in the moring but improve later in the day.
d.occur 10-14 days after an untreated sore throat.

d.occur 10-14 days after an untreated sore throat

Examination of the shoulder includes four motions. These are:
a.forward flexion, internal rotation, abduction, and external rotation.
b. abduction, adduction, pronation, and supination.
c. circumduction, inversion, eversion, and rotation.
d. elevation, retraction, protraction, and circumduction.

a.forward flexion, internal rotation, abduction, and external rotation.

The bulge sign is a test for:
a. swelling in the suprapatellar pouch.
b. carpal tunnel syndrome
c. Herberden's nodes
d. olecranon bursa inflammation.

a. swelling in the suprapatellar pouch.

The examiner is going to measure the patient's legs for discrepancy. The normal finding would be:
a. no difference in measurements.
b. 0.5 cm difference.
c. within 1 cm of each other.
d. 2 cm difference.

c. within 1 cm of each other.

A 2-year-old child has been brought to the clinic for a health examination. A common finding would be:
a. kyphosis
b. lordosis
c. scoliosis
d. no deviation is normal.

b. lordosis

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set