Which ancient civilization emphasized the natural blending of masculine and feminine principles as part of the procreative process?
Which best describes the role of sexologists?
Study sexual behavior scientifically
By the late Middle Ages, women were ...
Elevated to a place of purity and considered almost perfect
During the Victorian era, women consulted their doctors to learn how to sexually please their husbands.
According to the free love movement began in the 1820s, what should the prerequisite to sexual relations be?
What best describes the view of women during the Victorian Era?
Virtuous, refined, delicate, and fragile
What was one result of the Social Hygiene Movement?
Laws were passed mandating blood tests before marriage
What was the name for a man who had his testicles and/or penis removed to prevent him from engaging in sexual activity?
Temple prostitutes were women who would have sex with worshippers to provide money for the temple.
According to Martin Luther, how did Protestantism differ from the teachings of the Catholic Church?
Protestantism allowed to divorce
Due to the media's use of digitally altered images of the face and body, some countries have proposed legislation that would require warning labels on photos that have been retouched.
How did the feminist movement contribute to the development of women's sexuality?
It advocated for sexual satisfaction among women
The ancient Roman society emphasized the natural blending of masculine and feminine principles as part of the procreative process
In 1973, the American Psychiatric Association removed homosexuality from its list of psychiatric disorders
How did the Planned Parenthood organization first begin?
As a birth control clinic in New York
What term below refers to a lifestyle that rejects sensual pleasures such as drinking alcohol, eating rich food, or engaging in sex?
In early Puritan culture young couples were allowed to share a bed as long as they were clothed and wrapped in sheets. What was this practice called?
Which of the following is most attributed to the liberation of female sexuality?
The development of the contraceptive pill
Among the social movements that arose in the 19th century, the Free Love Movement advocated marriage as a prerequisite to sexual relationships.
According to the text, most of sexuality is ...
The purpose of anti-miscegenation laws was to make ______ illegal.
How did the liberalization of sexual conduct after the Revolutionary War affect sexuality in the United States?
Contraception such as condoms was readily available
Sexuality is considered a uniquely human trait.
What is quadruped?
Any animal that walks on four legs
What is one way that Margaret Sanger influenced sexuality history?
She was an advocate for birth control
What was a finding from Masters and Johnson's research?
Women are capable of multiple orgasm
Which theorists would recommend treating sexual disorders by rewarding desired behaviors?
What is a potential advantage of Internet-based sexuality research?
Participants might be more truthful because of anonymity
In the 2010 National Survey of Sexual Health and Behavior, findings showed that the rate of vaginal intercourse among heterosexual teens is increasing rapidly.
Masters and Johnson gathered sexuality date primarily through case studies
Which group conducted a well-known global study of sexuality?
Which of the following best describes a goal of future sexuality research?
Improved collaboration between researchers of various disciplines
A couple comes to a lab and has sexual intercourse first with no one observing and then comes back and has sex while hooked up to a variety of instruments to measure changes in erection and vaginal lubrication. This couple might have been participants in a study done by which researchers?
William Masters and Virginia Johnson
What did Freud believe takes place during the phallic stage of development?
Girls develop penis envy
According to sociological theory, what is the first factor that influences our values about what is sexually right or wrong?
Who was the first researcher to ask Americans about their sexual behavior, finding in his/her study that most of the U.S. women surveyed thought sexual intercourse was for pleasure and reproduction?
Sigmund Freud believed that our basic personality is formed by events that happen to us in the first six years of life?
If someone filled out an in-school questionnaire when they were in 8th grade and have been interviewed four more times throughout adulthood, what is the name of the study they most likely participated in?
The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health
What is a disadvantage of correlational research?
It provides no information about causation
Who conducted most sexuality research in the late 19th century?
The influence of law and religion and the impact of economic conditions on sexual behaviors are stressed most by which theory?
How did Alfred Kinsey obtain most of his research data?
What best describes findings from the 2010 National Survey of Sexual Health and Behavior?
A high percentage of sexually active male teenagers reported using condoms the last time they engaged in sexual behavior.
Sociological theorists analyze gender roles as the most significant way that an individual's sexuality identity is formed.
Female orgasmic ability varies greatly from culture to culture.
Freud is to case study as Masters and Johnson are to:
Why are findings from the National College Health Assessment possible not generalizable?
Only students who utilize student health services are included
Where were Morton Hunt's findings on sexual behaviors during the 1970s published?
In his studies from the 1950s, Kinsey found that the majority of heterosexual couples only had sex in missionary style?
A child with gonads of one sex but ambiguous external genitalia is referred to as asexual.
According to Maltz and Borker, what is true of men and women's communication styles?
Early play experiences are related to later communication styles
According to Epstein, what aspect of human behavior perpetuates gender inequalities?
Iran has one of the highest rates of sexual reassignment surgery in the world.
What conversation technique is critical in maintaining healthy and satisfying sexual relationships?
Generally speaking, a transsexual individual with an "XX" sex chromosome pair is likely to feel:
Trapped in a woman's body
According to David Gilmore's research related to the evolutionary purpose of masculine and feminine socialization, which statement would be most accurate in societies with plenty of food and the absence of enemies and predators?
Differences between men and women would not be emphasized
The gender binary refers to the traditional division of people into two groups as male or female.
Which of the following is true about gender roles in adolescence?
Girls have more latitude with their behavior
What is characteristic of individualistic cultures?
Individuals feel more comfortable disclosing personal information to a variety of people
Research shows that parents allow boys more flexibility in toy choices than girls
What statement best describes Sheila Rothman's belief about the context of womanhood?
What it means to be a woman has remained very constant from one time period to the next
In the United States, there is a particularly high value on:
According to communication experts, what type of speech pattern decreases the speaker's perceived assertiveness in speech?
Most hormonal secretions are regulated by the brain
What female sex organ arises from the same tissue as the glans of the penis?
The pairs of chromosomes that determine the sex of the child are the autosomes.
What is the most likely diagnosis for a male who is infertile and the problem is genetic?
What is an umbrella term used to refer to a range of a different sexual orientations, gender behaviors, or ideologies?
What is the rarest disorder of sex development in which a child is born with both, fully formed ovaries and fully formed testes?
All of the following are true about sex development and brain differentiation except:
Sexual differentiation of the brain occurs prior to sexual differentiation of the genitals
What is the process called in which an infant is taught the basic skills for functioning in society?
In typical development, if the male contributes a Y chromosome, the child will be male.
Who is likely to hold a more negative attitude about aging?
A white heterosexual woman
According to your text, what is one crucial factor that nondefensive listening relies on?
Self - restraint
What is one reason why menstrual suppression may be preferable to having monthly periods?
Menstrual disorders are the number one cause of gynecological disease
Which type of cancer of the female reproductive system is most likely to lead to death?
While there are no overall ethnic differences in the prevalence of premenstrual symptoms (PMS), research has found ethnic differences related to the following:
The types of symptoms experienced
Sara is experiencing vaginal burning and rawness along with a sometimes-stabbing pain in the vaginal area. Although her gynecologist has been unable to identify a specific cause, what is the most likely diagnosis?
In cultures that practice female circumcision, the procedure typically occurs at birth.
Implantation of a fertilized egg usually occurs during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle.
If a woman has pain and swelling in the labial and vaginal areas due to an infected cyst, we could infer that the infection most likely came from:
The Bartholin's glands
What layer of the uterus contracts to expel menstrual fluid and push the fetus out of the womb during labor?
In which stage of the menstrual cycle does the endometrium reach its maximum thickness in preparation to receive and nourish a fertilized egg?
What are two functions of the ovaries?
To produce eggs and secrete hormones
The uterus is the female's most important producer of female sex hormones.
Recent research has concluded that there is no medical need for women to have monthly periods.
Which woman is MOST likely to experience secondary amenorrhea?
Kristin who is pregnant
If a woman has hymen that is not intact, what can we safely assume?
She is not a virgin
She has used tampons
She has engaged in vigorous exercise that ruptured the hymen
Couples who are more comfortable with their sexuality report higher levels of sexual intercourse during menstruation.
What is the area of tissue between the vagina and the anus called?
What layer of the uterus is partially shed during menstruation?
What is the age range in which menopause will typically occur?
Age 40 - 58
A fertilized ovum typically implants in the cervix.
What is one factor that makes women more susceptible than men to urinary tract infections?
A shorter urethra
The number of women undergoing breast augmentation has decreased since 1995.
Which statement regarding the uterus is FALSE?
It is a thin-walled organ that engorges with blood during sexual arousal
What is TRUE about withdrawal bleeding, which occurs when a woman taking birth control pills stops taking them for a week?
It is biologically very different from normal menstrual fluid
What does the term mittelschmerz refer to?
Slight pain or sensation felt by some women during ovulation
How much fluid (including tissue and blood) is typically released during the menstrual cycle?
2 - 4 tablespoons
What part of the male reproductive system contracts and expands to regulate the temperature of the testicles?
The root of the penis sits just below the surface of the skin and attaches to the scrotum.
The majority of women and men report that penis size is significant factor in the quality of a sex partner.
What part of the penis is made up of the corona, frenulum and urethral opening?
Ovulation typically produces just one egg per cycle. Why does ejaculate contain more than just one sperm?
Sperm work together to achieve fertilization through combined enzyme production
Research worldwide shows that the overall sperm count in men has been decreasing.
Wayne is 50 - years old and has recently developed a painful curvature of his penis making penetration impossible. What would his diagnosis be?
Which of the following statements is most descriptive of hydrocele?
An excessive accumulation of fluid in the tissue surrounding the testicle common in newborn males
Alex, a 20-year-old college student took some of his father's Viagra with hopes of enhancing his sexual performance with his partner. Alex experienced an abnormally prolonged and painful erection, which required a trip to the ER. What condition did Alex have?
According to an evolutionary scientist, what characteristic of the penis would serve an important function related to sperm competition (when the sperm of two or more men is present in the female reproductive tract)?
What best describes the ejaculatory pathway of sperm?
Epididymis, vas deferens, ejaculatory duct, urethra
If one testicle hangs noticeably lower than the other, this should be reported to a doctor.
A man is experiencing a bump in his scrotum. This happened while he was lifting heavy boxes. Which of the following conditions is he most likely to have?
The urethra carries urine outside of the body and the corpus cavernosum carries sperm outside of the body.
Which of the following have been found to impact sperm production?
-Soaking in a warm tub
-Wearing tight fitting underwear
-Using a laptop computer rested on the legs
How many sperm per day are commonly produced by the human male?
Devon, whose mother smoked during pregnancy, was born prematurely and had to have surgery for undescended testes when he was 9 months old. What condition is Devon most likely diagnosed with?
A PSA test is used to detect prostate cancer.
If a young male's body is just beginning the process of producing sperm, when is it likely that he would ejaculate mature, viable sperm?
Within the next 1-2 years
In 2010, the U.S Food and Drug Association approved the first vaccine for:
Jay often wakes up with an erection and sometimes experiences erections throughout the night. What is the most likely reason for this?
Jay's REM cycles occur throughout the night and right before he wakes up
The only early detection system for testicular cancer is testicular self-examination (TSE).
Ejaculation and orgasm are linked so that a man cannot experience one without the other.
Which statement regarding male circumcision is true?
Circumcision is mainly practiced for religious and cultural reasons
What is 60 - 70% of semen made up of?
Fluid from the seminal vesicles
Self-love is another name used for narcissism.
There is significant variation across cultures in what characteristics are desired in an ideal mate?
When it comes to choosing an ideal mate, what does the most current research show?
Heterosexual women and men rate financial stability as an important factor in attraction
In his observations of heterosexual strangers in bar situations, Perper found if people were mutually attracted to each other the first indication was what?
They turn their bodies more toward each other until they are facing each other
The finding that gay men are more likely than heterosexual men to believe that 'you should share your most intimate thoughts and feelings with the person you love' can possibly be explained by which statement?
Gay men tend to adopt fewer stereotyped beliefs about gender roles
Thao thinks Nick may like him because they have made prolonged eye contact several times during class. Thao finds himself grabbing an extra soda for Nick, offering him help on his homework and spending time hanging out after class with him. As he thinks about this, he realizes he is falling for Nick. What theory does this best exemplify?
Brian and Ann have been married for over 20 years and they describe their feelings for each other as intimate, trusting, loyal, and romantic. What term best describes their love?
According to Sternberg, what best describes intimacy?
It involves feelings of closeness, connectedness, and bonding in a loving relationship
Research on heterosexual couples has found that men rate female-female sexual infidelity as the least jealousy producing.
What does Ainsworth's research suggest is highly correlated to the type of intimate relationship that you form in your adulthood?
The type of attachment you formed as a child
What are the three components of attachment measure by Rubin's "Love Scale"?
Needing, caring, trusting
Which of the following aspects of love does a person's culture impact?
-How easily he or she falls in love
-Who he or she falls in love with
-How the relationship proceeds
Which theory of love suggests that we are likely to become attracted to someone we think likes us?
Passionate love is more valued in individualistic cultures than in collectivist cultures.
People use their body language to reveal their level of attraction when meeting someone for the first time.
Rick and Lindsey were on the same airplane during an emergency landing. They met at the airport while waiting for another airplane. Over the next 4 months they formed a long distance relationship. Lindsey says her heart races whenever she sees Rick. What theory best exemplifies this?
In long lasting healthy relationships, the description of a couple's love for each other is not likely to vary over the span of their relationship.
Natasha and Jake have been dating for about 1 year. Natasha makes Jake feel good about himself. Whenever they are together he seems to feel happier and more confident. What theory does this best exemplify?
One's culture has a more powerful impact on love beliefs than one's gender.
Which of the following is TRUE according to recent research on pheromones?
Homosexual men respond to pheromones involved in sexual attraction similarly to heterosexual women.
"I feel very possessive about ______" is an example from which part of Rubin's Love Scale?
Katie is considering having a sexual relationship with Antonio. She is also thinking about what she learned from her family, education, and religion. What is she doing?
What is the term used to describe the set of behaviors developed in adolescence that we use to forge close relationships throughout our lives?
According to behavioral reinforcement theory, a person may dislike someone based on the experience of an unrelated negative association in his or her presence.
By what age is a child's attachment style typically established?
If you want your son or daughter to delay the age of first sexual behaviors, avoid STIs and unintended pregnancy what should you consider doing?
-Talk to them about sex early and often
-Have them participate in a comprehensive sexuality education program
-Encourage abstinence along with providing information about contraception
The realization that one's gender does not typically change over the life span is called:
Because they are more likely to be in dating relationships with a male who is older, who would be more likely to find themselves at increased risk for early initiation into sexual behavior, unprotected sex, and pregnancy?
About what percent of American students in grades 9-12 have engaged in sexual intercourse?
What hormone is released in response to a baby's crying which in turn facilitates the release of breast milk?
Four-year-old Emma knows that she is a girl, but sometimes says things indicating that she thinks she may be a boy in the future. Emma has not yet achieved:
Research on parent-adolescent communication has found that boys are more likely to learn about sex from:
Their peers and the media
On average, boys begin ejaculation before most girls experience their first period.
Young boys are often told to call their penis a 'wiener.' What are young girls often told to call their clitoris?
-man in the boat
Ethnic differences do not account for much variance in sexual attitudes, sexual behaviors, or frequency of behaviors among teens.
Molly has just taken a virginity pledge. Compared to girls who did not take this pledge, Molly is more likely to:
Have an unplanned pregnancy
The best approach for parents whose five-year-old child walks in on them while they are having sexual intercourse is to:
-Explain to the child that he or she should not imitate their behaviors
-teach the child to knock before entering the bedroom in the future
-have an honest discussion about love and intercourse
What is true of teenage pregnancy rates?
Rates of pregnancy, birth and abortion since 1990 have dropped among African- American teens
A typically developing child shows a decline in sexual exploration. Most likely, this child is how old?
What is one reason girls may experience first sexual contact earlier than boys?
It Is common for young heterosexual girls to date older boys
Related to peer influences, what is true of how peers influence each other related to sexual behaviors?
A person's perception of what peers are doing has a greater influence that peers' actual behaviors
Which statement describes typical abstinence-only sexuality education programs?
They promote abstinence and do not commonly present information about anatomy of STIs
What is the significance of the Quinceanera celebration in Latino communities?
A time to celebrate a young girl's transition into adolescence
What types of sexuality education programs were found to delay sexual behavior and reduce frequency of sexual behaviors and unprotected sex?
Comprehensive education that includes abstinence and contraceptive information
Research finds that more adolescent and young adult males masturbate than females. What is one possible reason for this?
Females may under-report their masturbation
What is best describes genital self-stimulation and infants?
Genital touching during infancy is common and should not be discouraged
What is the average age for American students' first sexual intercourse?
Who typically communicates about sexuality between parents and children?
Mothers to both sons and daughters
Teen pregnancy rates across Europe are about the same as in the U.S.
Same-sex experimentation is preadolescents is:
Related to age at first marriage in the U.S. from 1970 until now:
The average age has increased
Which of the following couples are more likely to divorce?
A mixed-race couple
Longer cohabitation has been found to be associated with higher likelihood of divorce in heterosexual couples:
According to the Defense of Marriage Act, what defines a 'spouse'?
A person of the other sex
What is found as one of the most important factors in how someone recovers from a break up?
The amount of social support they have
The number of cohabitating couples has decreased slightly over the last 10 years.
Most married adults report that over time their marital satisfaction and happiness gradually decline.
In a 2010 CBS News Poll, what percentage of respondents indicates they were against legal recognition of any kind of same-sex couples?
When was the earliest someone could have legally engaged in interracial dating throughout the U.S?
The late 1960s
What percent of heterosexual couples in the U.S. live together before marriage?
Current research indicates that high school graduates are more likely to marry than those with college degrees.
According to a current study, what was the primary reason that the majority of couples gave for moving in together?
What statement best describes a trend related to the practice of 'hooking up' on college campuses?
Both men and women report engaging in this behavior for purely physical reasons, although the research does not clearly indicate this to be true
Ten years following a divorce, who is more likely to say their divorce was the right decision?
All of the following are ways that heterosexual and homosexual couples become parents EXCEPT:
Births to unmarried women are lowest among what group?
Sexual satisfaction in short-term relationships is a strong predicator of how happy a couple is in the relationship but it is not a predictor of happiness in long-term relationships.
On a survey, who is likely to report the lowest level of overall happiness?
Jennifer who is heterosexual and single
Joe and Sharon have been married for 25 years, which of the last 5 they have chosen to no longer engage in sexual behaviors. What kind of marriage is this?
Comparing divorce rates within the first 10 years of marriage, what is true regarding divorce rates of couples married in the 1970s and couples married in the 1990s?
The percentage of couples that divorced within the first 10 years increased from 1970 to 1990
If you want to cohabitate with your couple and be given similar rights as married couples, you would then want to live in
All of the following are reasons 'dating' on college campuses have declined EXCEPT?
There are more male students than female students
Who is most likely to report the highest level of marital happiness?
Joe, a White male
Between 1990 and 2008, births increased in which group?