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Emergency contraception works by causing a fertilized egg to dissolve back into the body.

False

If a couple wants to prevent pregnancy and avoid STIs, what is the most reliable choice?

Abstinence

Will and Haley are married. They and their best friends, Mark and Loren, belong to a group of 5 other couples who all engage in comarital sex. What label would be given to Will and Haley?

Swingers

Who is more likely to eventually get married?

Susan, a White woman with a Bachelor's degree

A civil union performed in one state is typically not recognized in other states, even if the state has civil or domestic partnership laws.

True

What is a factor related to why older men are more likely than older women to remarry after the death of a spouse?

Men tend to marry younger women.

What statement best describes common findings related to comarital sex?

Those who engage in comarital sex reported happier marriages and overall life satisfaction than those in marriages who do not participate in comarital sex.

Which of the following couples are more likely to divorce?

A mixed-race couple

Related to sex outside of marriage, how does the United States compare to other countries?

Less than 5% of all societies are as strict about forbidding extramarital intercourse as the U.S.

. On a survey, who is likely to report the lowest level of overall happiness?

Jennifer who is heterosexual and single

According to the Defense of Marriage Act, what defines a "spouse"?

A person of the other sex

Couples who were already engaged prior to living together have the same chance of divorce as couple who marry without living together first.

True

Related to research on sex within marriages, what has been found?

Reports of more frequent sexual behavior is correlated to higher levels of relationship satisfaction.

What statement best describes a covenant marriage?

A marriage in which prenuptially, the couple agrees on a set of rules and regulations for ending the marriage, including a wait time for finalization of a divorce.

If you want to cohabitate with your couple and be given similar rights as married couples, you would then want to live in

Norway

Which of the following is true about cohabitating couple in the U.S.?

They tend to cohabitate as a prelude to marriage, not as a substitute to it.

All of the following are reasons "dating" on college campuses has declined EXCEPT?

There are more male students than female students.

Comparing divorce rates within the first 10 years of marriage, what is true regarding divorce rates of couples married in the 1970s and couples married in the 1990s?

The percentage of couples that divorced within the first 10 years decreased from 1970 to 1990.

Between 1990 and 2008, births increased in which group?

Older women

Current research indicates that high school graduates are more likely to marry than those with college degrees.

False

A recent study found that woman initiate 2/3 of all divorces.

True

Compared to a generation ago, those who get married in the early 21st century are more likely:

Older and about as happy with their marriages

The number of cohabitating couples has decreased slightly over the last 10 years.

False

What does the "half-age-plus-seven rule" says it indicates?

This "rule" indicates a person should not date someone under half their age plus seven years.

Related to racial/ethnic trends and mixed-race marriage rates, which of the following statements is true?

Black females are less likely than Black males to marry a person of another racial/ethnic group.

While men traditionally receive more benefits from marriage than women, which of the following benefits does recent research show now applies equally to married men and married women?

Mental health

What percent of heterosexual couples in the U.S. live together before marriage?

Approximately 75%

If a woman is clearly sexually aroused and the clitoris has pulled behind the clitoral hood, what stage of the sexual response cycle is she most likely in?

Plateau

What culture is known for being the first to teach men how to achieve multiple orgasms by delaying or withholding ejaculation?

Chinese

Transudation is another word for erection.

False

What does the term tumescence refer to?

Erection

During what phase of the sexual response cycle is a man most likely to experience drops of pre-ejaculatory fluid?

Plateau

. What does ejaculatory inevitability refer to?

The feeling just before orgasm when ejaculation can no longer be held back

What is true about men and women's sexual fantasies?

Most people have a few specific fantasies they use repeatedly to become aroused.

What position for sexual intercourse do sex therapists often recommend for couples who are experiencing difficulties with early ejaculation or lack of female orgasm?

Female-on-top

If a woman is experiencing sex flush, vasocongestion, and transudation, what stage of the sexual response cycle is she most likely in?

Excitement

According to your textbook, all of the following refer to forms of safe sex EXCEPT:

Sex while on the pill

What best describes the role of testosterone in sexual behavior?

Important for both male and female sexual behavior

What does the term transudation refer to?

Lubrication of the vagina

What does tenting refer to?

Expansion of the vaginal walls

The triphasic model of sexual response includes:

Desire, excitement, orgasm

Masters and Johnson's model of the sexual response cycle has been criticized for being too much based on a medical model.

True

. What is the most prevalent sexual behavior among men and women of all ages?

Vaginal Intercourse

Compared to the other models of sexual response, David Reed's model is more based on:

Psychosocial factors

What is the name for an increase in blood flow to the genitals during the first phase of the sexual response cycle?

Vasocongestion

What is cunnilingus?

Oral sex on a female

Why do some researchers, such as Beverly Whipple, criticize the Kaplan model as being based on a male model of sexual function?

Women can experience arousal and orgasm without desire as well as desire and satisfaction without orgasm.

During what phase of the sexual response cycle are erections most likely to develop?

Excitement

Which of the following sexual fantasies are reportedly more common among men than women?

Having an aggressive partner

If a woman fantasizes about the use of force in sexual relationships, one can conclude that:

None of these

What influences our sexual behaviors?

All of these

Lesbian women are more likely to report being sexually satisfied compared to reports of sexual satisfaction among heterosexual women.

True

What is sequential bisexuality?

Having sex exclusively with one gender followed by sex exclusively with the other

According to the six-stage model of gay and lesbian identity formation, what is the last stage in which the individual becomes fully comfortable with his or her sexual orientation and considers all aspects of his or her personality?

Identity synthesis

Which theory would contend that homosexuality is the result of various reinforcements and punishments?

Behavioral

Lesbian relationships have been found to have which of the following characteristics in comparison to heterosexual relationships?

More egalitarian relationships

Low family acceptance during the coming out process is related to increased risk of:

All of these

In the Sambian culture, males practice sequential homosexuality primarily through what sexual activity?

Through oral sex

What is the largest and best-known magazine dedicated to gay and lesbian issues?

The Advocate

Similar to many Latin American countries, many Middle Eastern countries do not view the active, penetrating male sexual partner as homosexual.

True

In addition to incorporating seven dimensions of sexual orientation into his model of sexual orientation, what else does Klein include as an important factor?

The concept of time - past, present, future

When people's behavior and beliefs about their sexual orientation are in conflict, social scientists usually define them by their:

Sexual behaviors

If you wanted to find a religious denomination that is the most accepting of homosexuality, you would most likely become a member of which congregation?

United Church of Christ

Today's teens are coming out at earlier ages than during other times in history.

True

Who would be more likely to hold a NEGATIVE view of homosexuals?

Doug, a 40-year-old college graduate who is not married, is Catholic, and holds very traditional attitudes about gender roles

What percent of variance in sexual orientation does current evidence suggest that genes account for?

50

Which of the following is an example of heterosexism?

Asking a little girl if she is going to marry a prince when she grows up

Which theory would contend that homosexuality is the result of various reinforcements and punishments?

Behavioral

Lesbian relationships have been found to have which of the following characteristics in comparison to heterosexual relationships?

More egalitarian relationships

Low family acceptance during the coming out process is related to increased risk of:

All of these

Similar to many Latin American countries, many Middle Eastern countries do not view the active, penetrating male sexual partner as homosexual.

True

In addition to incorporating seven dimensions of sexual orientation into his model of sexual orientation, what else does Klein include as an important factor?

The concept of time - past, present, future

When people's behavior and beliefs about their sexual orientation are in conflict, social scientists usually define them by their:

Sexual behaviors

Today's teens are coming out at earlier ages than during other times in history.

True

What statement is TRUE related to the rates of homosexuality among males and females?

There are more gay men than lesbians.

Heterosexism is typically a very active form of discrimination.

False

The Defense of Marriage Act provides support for equality in marriage rights for all regardless of sexual orientation.

False

What is the acronym for the organization that provides specific support to relatives with family members who are homosexual?

PFLAG

Which of the following describes hate crimes?

All of these are true.

Which statement below is TRUE regarding lesbian, gay and bisexual seniors?

Nursing home staff has been found to be intolerant or condemning toward homosexual and bisexual residents.

The conceptualization of homosexuality is consistent across cultures.

False

What has been found related to birth order and sexual orientation?

Gay men have more older brothers than heterosexual men.

How was homosexuality viewed in the 19th and early 20th century?

As a mental illness

Who would likely be most at-risk for physical and emotional health issues?

Neesha, a Black lesbian female

At what point during the pregnancy do many women report an increased sex drive?

During the second trimester

A mother breastfeeds her infant exclusively through the first 6 months and then continues breast-feeding until the child is 2. Whose recommendation is she following?

World Health Organization

Related to sexuality after childbirth, which of the following is true?

Most physicians advise heterosexual patients who had an uncomplicated delivery to wait 6 weeks postpartum before resuming intercourse.

Women are most likely to feel the best during the second trimester of pregnancy.

True

About how long does an ovum live in the female reproductive tract?

24 hours

Fertilization normally takes place in the uterus.

False

If a baby is born 24-weeks premature, what are its chances for survival?

Greater than 50%

What is one of the reasons a mother who is Rh incompatible with her fetus is given the drug RhoGAM after delivery or after an amniocentesis, miscarriage or abortion?

If she is not given the drug, it can be dangerous for future pregnancies and lead to fetal death.

Which vitamin supplement are pregnant women often advised to take?

All of these

Statistically speaking, during what time of the year are women most likely to get pregnant?

In the Summer and late December

What percent of all diagnosed pregnancies end in miscarriage?

15-20%

How much does the average full-term baby weigh at birth?

Seven and a half pounds

There are medical procedures available that can be used for sex selection.

True

What statement regarding sex during pregnancy is TRUE?

Some cultures believe semen is essential throughout pregnancy for proper fetal development.

At 4 weeks after conception,

The embryo is no bigger than grain of rice and has a heart and spine

How many weeks is a typical full-term pregnancy?

40 weeks

Related to the birth process, what does engagement refer to?

When the fetus moves into a "heads down" position in the uterus

What is an explanation for cross-cultural food aversions that commonly develop during pregnancy?

They protect the fetus from food-borne illness and harmful bacteria.

Miranda did not realize she could be pregnant until she was already 14 weeks along; however, when she took a home pregnancy test it was negative. What is one explanation for this?

hCG levels peak in the 2nd and 3rd month of pregnancy and then drop off to levels that might not be detected by a home pregnancy test.

By day 28 the embryo,

Has gills and a tail

A pregnant woman begins to feel fetal movement, has more energy and less morning sickness. What stage of pregnancy is she in?

Second trimester

All of the following statements about labor induction are true EXCEPT:

Based on current research, labor induction is being advised to most women as a way to avoid labor and delivery complications.

When two ova are released and both are fertilized by sperm, what type of twins result?

Fraternal twins

Drinking alcohol during the first trimester of pregnancy has not been found to be harmful, although drinking during the second or third trimester is associated with higher rates of birth defect.

False

Births to unmarried women are lowest among what group?

Asians

According to the Defense of Marriage Act, what defines a "spouse"?

A person of the other sex

. Which of the following is true about cohabitating couple in the U.S.?

They tend to cohabitate as a prelude to marriage, not as a substitute to it.

According to your text, what can the strong history of protection of heterosexual marriage in the United States be tied to?

Procreative health

Between 1990 and 2008, births increased in which group?

Older women

There is a higher percentage of married men than women who are over 65.

True

While men traditionally receive more benefits from marriage than women, which of the following benefits does recent research show now applies equally to married men and married women?

Mental health

Related to research on sex within marriages, what has been found?

Reports of more frequent sexual behavior is correlated to higher levels of relationship satisfaction.

The number of cohabitating couples has decreased slightly over the last 10 years

False

On average, married couples in which of the following conditions report the lowest levels of marital satisfaction?

Couples with two teenagers

Legal marriage offers the same rights same-sex couples as both domestic partnerships and civil unions.

False

What percent of heterosexual couples in the U.S. live together before marriage?

Approximately 75%

Gays and lesbians are twice as likely to be in a mixed race relationship compared to straight men and women.

True

Related to the overall impact on marital relationships, what type of affair has been found to have the LEAST affect?

Sexual

A higher-than-usual divorce rate occurs among couples who:

A) Have been divorced or had divorced parents
B) Married at a young age
C) Had children quickly after marriage
---> D) All of these

Couples who were already engaged prior to living together have the same chance of divorce as couple who marry without living together first.

True

Over the last few years, what correlation was found related to cohabitation rates and financial status?

There was an increase in cohabitation rates where one partner was unemployed.

Comparing divorce rates within the first 10 years of marriage, what is true regarding divorce rates of couples married in the 1970s and couples married in the 1990s?

The percentage of couples that divorced within the first 10 years decreased from 1970 to 1990

What are some possible explanations for the lower reports of sexual activity among lesbian women?

A) Women are less likely to initiate sex.
B) Women tend to have a lower sex drive.
C) Sexual occurrences last longer resulting in fewer overall.
---> D) All of these

What state was the first to legalize same-sex civil unions?

Vermont

Ten years following a divorce, who is more likely to say their divorce was the right decision?

Women

What are same-sex couples more likely to report in their relationships than other-sex couples?

Equal sharing of household responsibilities

What is the most frequent sexual technique reported among gay males?

Fellatio

A prescription is required to get a dental dam.

False

Which of the following can affect the sexual response cycle in women?

A) The amount of time spent in each response phase
B) Previous childbearing
C) Menstrual cycle
----> D) All of these

What is the term for the physical caressing of the genitals during solo or partner masturbation?

Manual Sex

Lesbian women are more likely to report being sexually satisfied compared to reports of sexual satisfaction among heterosexual women

True

What is the name for an increase in blood flow to the genitals during the first phase of the sexual response cycle?

Vasocongestion

What does the term transudation refer to?

Lubrication of the vagina

What is the entrance to the vagina called?

Introitus

What is true about men and women's sexual fantasies?

Most people have a few specific fantasies they use repeatedly to become aroused.

What does ejaculatory inevitability refer to?

The feeling just before orgasm when ejaculation can no longer be held back

Masturbation is unique to humans

False

Blood is leaving the genitals, the erection subsides, muscles relax, and breathing and heart rate return to normal. Which stage of the sexual response cycle does this describe?

Resolution

Research on men's and women's fantasies show that gender differences are decreasing related to sexual fantasies.

True

Masturbation rates remain constant over the lifespan.

False

Which of the following has NOT been found to be a physiological benefit of male ejaculation into the vaginal canal?

It decreases the likelihood of breast cancer.

Which of the following is true about sexual behavior in the later years?

Decreases in sexual functioning are exacerbated by sexual inactivity.

If a woman is experiencing sex flush, vasocongestion, and transudation, what stage of the sexual response cycle is she most likely in?

Excitement

What is cunnilingus?

Oral sex on a female

Similar to a condom, what can also be used to cover the vulva or anus during oral sex to prevent the transmission of STIs?

Dental dam

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