Political Science Chapter 10~12

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Study guide questions to the political science test that deals with chapters 10 and 12.

3. National campaigns are handled by volunteers and amateur politicians.

Which of the following statements about election campaigns is NOT true?
1. Lation and Asian Americans have low participation on election campaigns.
2. Until recently, women were considered most appropriate for lower-level posts.
3. National campaigns are handled by volunteers and amateur politicians.
4. Candidates are likely to be professionals, particularly lawyers.

50% plus one of all the votes cast

A majority electoral system, which is used on a limited basis in the United States requires that a candidate must win________to win an election.

It is the practice of voting directly for proposed laws.

What is a referendum?

to raise and distribute money to election campaigns

What is the primary function of a political action committee?

patronage

The power of __________ means that political party bosses can confer governmental favors on loyal party members.

plurality

If the winner of an election is whoever receives the most votes, regardless of the percentage of votes received, the candidates are running under a ________system.

Electors' votes are not bound and thus they can vote according to their own judgments.

Which of the following statements is NOT a criticism of our electoral college?

midterm electins

When a congressional election is held that does not coincide with a presidential election, it is called

Progressives

Primary elections were introduced by the_______in order to weaken the power of party leaders

two-thirds of both houses of Congress

What is required for Congress to override a presidential veto?

95%

In recent years, what percentage of House of Representative members won re-election?

bicameral;535

Congress is a _____legislature with_____members.

incumbent

A senator or representative running for re-election is called the

the elected leader of the majority party in the House is the Speaker

Who is the Speaker of the House?

patronage

The powers and resources available to government officials that are used to favor supporters are called

1. The House is more centralized and organized than the Senate

Which of the following best describes a way in which the House differs from the Senate?
1. The House is more centralized and organized than the Senate
2. The House is a looser and more deliberative body than the senate
3. The House's representatives are much less specialized that the Senate's members
4. The House has a much greater level of turnover in its membership than the Senate

the process by which three-fifths of the Senate can end a filibuster

Cloture is

six years

How long is the term of office for a U.S. senator?

3. Incumbency is a very powerful resource, and most incumbents have been men

Which of the following best explains the small number of women in Congress?
1. More men than women vote, and they tend not to vote for women
2. Women don't have PACs or organizations supporting their candidacy
3. Incumbency is a very powerful resource, and most incumbents have been men
4. Women do not make very effective representatives

4. Both A and C are correct

Which of the following statements concerning the process of reapportionment is correct?
1. in order for one state to gain a seat, another state must lose a seat
2. states that grow in size may gain extra seats, but the Constitution forbids reducing the number of representatives for any state
3. states that fall below a minimum number of inhabitants are represented in the House by a nonvoting delegate
4. both A and C are correct

political action committees.

Private groups that raise and distribute funds for election campaigns are called

a closed primary.

When a voter must be registered with a party prior to voting in that party's election, it is called

delegates

Party activists who are elected to vote at a party's national convention are called

gerrymandering

The practice of ________means that district boundaries have been purposefully drawn to unfairly advantage one group or party.

primary election.

In order for a political party to select a candidate to run in the general election, it holds a

a legislative committee, an interest group, and an executive agency.

An iron triangle is made up of an alliance between

members of Congress.

During midterm elections, voters are electing

the majority and minority leaders

Who has the most power in the Senate?

more responsive to the needs of local interest groups in the districts they represent

The frequency with which they must seek re-election makes members of the House

apportionment.

The process of allocating congressional seats among the fifty states is called

the establishment of standing committees

The need to divide the labor of legislative is best exemplified in what formal structure of Congress?

two chambers or houses

A bicameral legislature is one that has

660,000

In each House district there are approximately __________ persons.

1 or 4

Which of the following is NOT a critique of the US electoral system?
1. The political consultants that candidates hire are most sought after and also most criticized.
2. Elections become the further aims of special interest groups.
3. Elections tends to be dominated by older voters with more education and higher income.
4. The electoral system tends to favor wealthier candidates.

4. none of the above are subject to recall elections

Which of the following political officers are not subject to recall elections?
1. The president
2. senators
3. federal judges
4. None of the above are subject to recall elections

4. both A and C are correct

Which of the following statements concerning the process of reapportionment is correct?
1. in order for one state to gain a seat, another state must lose a seat
2. states that grow in size may gain extra seats, but the Constitution forbids reducing the number of representatives for any state
3. states that fall below a minimum number of inhabitants are represented in the House by a nonvoting delegate
4. both A and C are correct

deals with specific projects and their location within a particular congressional district.

Pork-barrel legislation

4. all federal judges

The Senate's constitutional power of advice and consent extends to all of the following presidential powers EXCEPT
1. the president's power to make treaties with foreign nations
2. the president's appointment of top executive officials, such as cabinet members
3. the president's power to make executive agreements
4. all federal judges

power of the purse (budget)

The Constitution's framers believed that Congress's greatest prerogative would be its

2, 3, or 4

Which of the following choice is NOT the means for congressional oversight on bureaucracy?
1. The GAO
2. Committee hearings
3. Control of the budget
4. Veto

4. 95%

Approximately what percentage of proposed bills die in committee?
1. 40%
2. 60%
3. 75%
4. 95%

1, 2, or 4

About the powers of the U.S. Congress, which of the following statement is true?
1. The House can approve treaties and the presidential appointments.
2. The House can initiate an impeachment case and the Senate tries the impeached officials.
3. The president can declare a war.
4. The Senate initiate all revenue bills.

3. In terms of minimum requirements, representatives of the House need to be more mature.

Regarding the members of the Congress, which of the following statement is NOT true?
1. Only the senators have staggered terms.
2. Representatives of the House represent their specific districts while senators represent their states.
3. In terms of minimum requirements, representatives of the House need to be more mature.
4. The senate was designed by our founders to cool down the passion of the House.

1, 2, or 3

As the population of the United States grows and shifts, which regions of the country have benefited from recent apportionment?
1. the Northeast
2. the Midwest
3. the South and West
4. both A and C are correct

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