Pope Urban II
starter of the crusades
start of Italian Renaissance
payment given to church
captured Jerusalem, massacres
early 1300s, spread through rats
French and Italian pope
pope is in Avignon, France
second pope is elected
end of Great Schism
thick walls, dark spaces, barrel vaulting
stainglass windows, thin walls, flying buttresses
idealistic, citizen role
realistic, civic/moral virtue
weakness of individual
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again
Reload the page to try again!
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
NEW! Voice Recording
Click the mic to start.