Psychology Test 3

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An individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling and act is his or her:

personality

Freud believe that ____________ are the "royal road to the unconscious."

dreams

The Oedipus complex is the term used by Freud to describe:

boys' feelings of guilt and fear of punishment over their sexual desire for their mother

Freud suggested that slips of the tongue illustrate an incomplete:

repression

Which neo-Freudian theorist emphasized the influence of the collective unconscious in personality development?

Jung

Freud's theory of personality has been criticized because it:

offers few testable hypotheses that allow one to determine its validity.

Abraham Maslow suggested that those who fulfill their potential have satisfied the need for:

self-actualization

Carl Rogers suggested that ______ is(are) a central feature of personality.

the self-concept

Humanistic psychologists would most likely be criticized for underestimating the value of:

social obligations

A personality inventory that utilizes only those items that have been shown to differentiate particular groups of people is a(n) _____ test.

empirically derived

Studies of college students' conscientiousness revealed only a modest realtionship between student being conscientious on one occasion and being similarly conscientious on another occasion. This should make psychologists more cautious about overestimating the impact of _______ on behavior.

personality traits

The perception that your fate is determined by luck reflects:

an external locus of control

The body's disease-fighting immune system is most likely to be dampened by:

a pessimistic attributional style

Athletes often attribute their losses to bad officiating. This best illustrates:

self-serving bias

Psychiatrists and psychologists label behavior as disordered when it is:

deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional

The discovery that psychologically disordered behavior could result form syphilis infections facilitated the credibility and acceptance of:

the medial model

Some psychological disorders occur primarily in one culture. However, ____ occurs worldwide.

Schizophrenia

When children are told that certain classmates have learning diabilites, they may behave in ways that inhibit the success of those students in the classroom. This best illustrates the dangers of:

self-fulfilling prophecies

A deluded Scotsman, Daniel M'Naughten, tried to assassinate a government official in 1843. He was sent to a mental hospital rather than a prison because he was judged to:

be insane

In comparison to generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder is characterized by periods of distress that are:

more intense and less prolonged

Obsessions are:

offensive and unwanted thoughts that persistently preoccupy a person

Some psychologists believe that due partly to a broader definition of trauma, mental health professionals have been over diagnosing:

PTSD

A traumatic experience may trigger a lasting phobia in a child with a sensitive, high-strung temperament. The same experience, however, may have no long-term impact on a child with a more relaxed temperament. This best illustrates the role of ________ in the development of phobias.

genetic predispositions

Disruptions in conscious awareness and sense of identity are most characteristic of _______ disorders.

Dissociative

Evidence that many dissociative identity disorder patients have suffered abuse as children leads some psychologists to include dissociative disorders under the umbrella of:

post-traumatic stress disorder

The distinctive older term psychopath refers to an individual with:

antisocial personality disorder

A conversion disorder is most likely to be characterized by:

very specific physical symptoms that have no apparent physiological basis

Psychological disorders characterized by inflexible, enduring, and socially maladaptive behavior patterns are called _____ disorders.

Personality

A major depressive disorder is most likely to be characterized by:

feelings of personal worthlessness

During the manic phase of bipolar disorder, individuals are most likely to:

be overactive

The risk of suicide is greatest when people:

begin to rebound from their depression

Women are at greater risk of depression than men partially because women are more likely to _______ in response to stressful circumstances.

overthink

To break the vicious cycle of depression, the social-cognitive perspective suggests that people should be encouraged to explain their failures in terms that are both:

external and temporary

A person with schizophrenia whose speech is so full of unrelated words and phrase is said to be exhibiting:

word salad

One of the negative symptoms of schizophrenia is:

an expressionless face

Schizophrenia is associated with an excess of receptors for:

dopamine

Disruptive or withdrawn behavior, poor peer relations, and solo play have been noted as early warning signs of:

schizophrenia

Evidence suggests that prenatal viral infections contribute to:

schizophrenia

Delusions of persecution are most common among those with ___________ schizophrenia.

paranoid

There is some evidence that a relatively low level of autonomic nervous system arousal may contribute to:

antisocial personality disorder

Which disorder is characterized by the most sudden and unpredictable episodes of distress?

panic disorder

The DSM-IV-TR does NOT:

explain the causes of the various psychological disorders

Assessing an individual's standing on the Big Five today has the advantage of providing a ______ personality description.

comprehensive

According to Freud, the part of personality that represents our sense of right and wrong and our ideal standards is the:

superego

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