SW ASIA Culture/Terms

Created by DMAR Teacher

Quiz on the culture notes and terminology list.

Monotheistic

Believing that there is only one god

Judaism

The religion that worships in a synagogue, reads the Torah, and is still waiting for the Messiah.

Christianity

A religion based on the teachings of Jesus, as recorded in the New Testament

Islam

A monotheistic religion based on the teachings of Muhammad and the writings of the Qur'an, the Muslim holy book.

Judea

Ancient kingdom of the Jews, located approximately where the present day country of Israel is

Temple Mount

Holy site for the Jews, destroyed twice

Western Wall

The , for Jews, the holiest site in Jersalem; the only remaing portion of the Second Temple, built in 538 B.C. and destroyed in A.D. 70 by Romans

Jesus Christ

A teacher and prophet whose life and teachings form the basis of Christianity, and the savior to all Christians

5 Pillars

Make a declaration of faith, pray five times daily, give to charity, fast from sunrise to sunset during Ramadan, pilgrimage to Mecca

Hajj

The pilgrimage to the city of Mecca that all muslims have to make once in their lives

Koran/Qur'an

The sacred writings of Islam revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad during his life at Mecca and Medina

1948

Year that the United Nations split Palestine into two nations (Palestine & Israel)

Arab

Ethnic group that dominates the Middle East and northern Africa

Non-Arab Countries

SW Asian countries that do not share an Arabic heritage (Israel, Turkey, Iran)

Nomad

A person who moves from place to place rather than settling permanently

Largest portion of SW Asian population is

Under the age of 15 years old

Prayer Rug

A small rug used by Muslims during their devotions

Mosaic

A picture made up of small pieces of tile, glass, or colored stone

Calligraphy

Art of beautiful handwriting (Arabic or Chinese)

Arid

Being without moisture; extremely dry; parched. Climate of the majority of SW Asia

Sunni Muslim

90% of Muslims, main branch of Islam; Majority sect in Islam; leaders chosen by the community based on religious knowledge and moral character

Sh'ia Muslim

A member of the branch of Islam that regards Ali as the legitimate successor to Mohammed and rejects the first three caliphs

Gaza Strip

A territory along the Mediterranean Sea just northeast of the Sinai Peninsula; part of land set aside for Palestinians, which was occupied by Israel in 1967

West Bank

In Israel, a strip of land on the west side of the Jordan River, originally controlled by Jordan, which is part of the land set aside for Arab Palestinians

Zionist

A member of a movement known as Zionism, founded to promote the establishment of an independent Jewish state.

Ayatollah

A high-ranking Shiite religious leader who is regarded as an authority on religious law and its interpretation and who has political power as well

Jihad

A holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal

Golan Heights

A region that was formerly part of Southwest Syria that Israel has occupied since 1967 war.

Wadi

A gully or streambed in the Middle East that remains dry except during the rainy season

Mosque

(Islam) a Muslim place of worship

Theocratic

A form of government where religious leaders control the government, relying on religious law and consultation with religious scholars

OPEC

An organization of countries formed in 1961 to agree on a common policy for the production and sale of petroleum

PLO

A political movement uniting Palestinian Arabs in an effort to create an independent state of Palestine; Palestinian Liberation Organization

Kurds

An ethnic group in SW Asia, located in Turkey, Iraq, and Iran

Mesopotamia

First civilization located between the Tigris & Eurphrates Rivers in present day Iraq; term means "land between the rivers"

Taliban

Fundamentalist Muslim group, gained power, restored order, but imposed an extreme form of Islam on Afghanistan, supported al-Qaeda

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