health class vocab.

43 terms by bayport 

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wellness

actively making healthy decisions that improve your life

life expectancy

the number of years a person is expected to live

quality of life

how much satisfaction a person gets from life

fraud

when a person tells lies to obtain money or property

quackery

people who sell useless medical treatments

health literacy

ability to gather, understand and use health info to improve lifestyle

nutrition

the study of what people eat and their habits

calorie

a unit of energy produced by food used by the body

amino acids

building blocks of protein

simple carbohydrates

the sugars that are fast acting and give short bursts of energy

complex carbohydrates

the starces that are slow acting and give long, solid burst of energy

cholesterol

a fatty, waxy substance found in animal products

diet

limits starvation

vegetarian

a diet excluding meat

vegan

a diet excluding meat and animal products

diet pills

not tested for safety or effectivness, false!! don't help loose weight!

basal metabolic rate

amount of energy used for sleeping

calorie

a measure of energy in food

antioxidant

nutrients in our diet that can prevent or slow oxidation damage to the body

overweight

more body fat than healthy for the human body

obesity

excessively high amounts of body fat

anorexia

a serious mental illness that causes a person to starve themselves

bulimia

mental ilness that causes a person to feel empty so they binge and purge

independant drug interaction

drugs/ alcohals have no effect on eachother

antagonistic drug interaction

drugs/ alcohal effects cancel eachother out

additice drug interaction

effects of mixed drugs/ alcohals increase

synergestic drug interaction

multiplies the effects of mixed drugs- makes them far greater

drug abuse

intentionally using a drug for purposes other than its intention

drug misuse

unintentionally, inappropriate use of drug

potency

strength of drug

tolerance

when more of a drug is needed to achieve the same effect

amenorrhea

the abnormal absense or stopping of menustration

adolescence

the period from about age 12 to 19 during which a child gradually changes into an adult

chromosomes

the tiny structures found within cells that carry information about inherited characteristics

fertilization

the process of a sperm joing with an egg

menstruation

discharge of blood and other materials lasting four to seven days

ovulation

the process during which one of the ovaries releases a ripened egg

placenta

the structure that holds the embryo to the wall of the uteris

umbilical cord

the cord-like structure that connects the embryo to the placenta

estrogen

the female sex hormone that signals certain physical changes of puberty

menopause

the time of life during which the ovaries slow down their hormone production and no longer release mature eggs

sea section

the sergical method of birth

menstral cycle

the process during which an overy releases a mature egg that ravels to the uterus, if the egg is not fertilized, the uterine lining is shed and a new cycle begins

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