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Emergency contraception works by causing a fertilized egg to dissolve back into the body

False

If a couple wants to prevent pregnancy and avoid STIs, what is the most reliable choice?

Abstinence

What type of medication has been shown to be related to delayed or absent orgasm in women?

Antidepressants

What statement is most descriptive of condoms?

Condoms have been used since the beginning of recorded history

Danielle experiences involuntary contractions of the muscle that surrounds the entrance to the vagina. This happens when her partner is trying to penetrate her with his penis or using his fingers for stimulation, when she masturbates or uses a tampon, and during pelvic exams at the doctor's office. What is a likely diagnosis for Danielle?

Vaginismus

What is the leading cause of breakage in male condoms?

Using condoms after the expiration date

Using a male and female condom together is a good way to offer double protection during sexual intercourse.

False

All of the following are ways that emergency contraception works to prevent pregnancy EXCEPT:

Causes a fertilized egg to be reabsorbed into the body

Only women can fake orgasms

False

As of 2008, the official stance of the Catholic Church prohibited the use of artificial contraception.

True

What is a criticism of how the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) classifies sexual dysfunctions?

It is heterosexist

Which of the following is true related to surgical treatment options and erectile disorders?

There are two main types of implants, including semi rigid rods that provide a permanent state of erection and inflatable devices that become firm when pumped.

If the doctor uses a test that indicates if a man is having nighttime erections, what is he likely checking for?

If the condition is more likely to have a physiological cause vs. a psychological basis.

Depo-Provera is a form of progestin injected into the muscle of a woman's arm or buttock that last for 3 month

True

What is the most common sexual problem affecting men?

Premature ejaculation

What is the method called when the penis is gently stretched and medication to increase blood flow is introduced to the penis?

Intracavernous Injections

hat has been found to be the most effective treatment for female orgasmic disorder?

Teaching a woman how to masturbate to orgasm

If the primary focus of treatment is to reduce the anxiety associated with erectile disorder, what treatment method would be most likely?

Sensate focus

Which of the following is NOT a hormonal method of birth control?

ParaGard

How does female sterilization work to prevent pregnancies?

The fallopian tubes are blocked so that ovum and sperm cannot meet

Genital pain associated with sexual behavior is referred to as dyspareunia

True

Factoring in the FDA approval process, what is the estimated time it takes to develop a new contraceptive method?

10-14 years

According to Masters and Johnson, what is premature ejaculation associated with?

Early sexual experiences that were rushed for fear of being caught

Patients tend to prefer the drug, Cialis, over Viagra because Cialis has a longer duration.

True

Women with orgasmic disorders tend to report lower levels of emotional closeness with their partners.

True

What is a serious complication commonly associated with viral hepatitis?

Liver Damage

What is one of the most serious long-term outcomes of chlamydia in women?

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

What is something the author of your text suggests including in the conversation with your partner about STIs?

All of these

Women are at greater risk for long-term complications from STIs

True

What does the term latency mean in relation to STIs?

It refers to the period of time when a person with an STI does not test positive for it.

How can gonorrhea be contracted?

All of the above

The majority of people who become infected with genital herpes are infected by someone who:

Doesn't even know they have it

During the 1990s and today, rates of high risk sexual behaviors among gay males have steadily decreased due to fear of contracting HIV.

False

When a woman has a pap test, the test is also screening for STIs.

False

People infected with herpes will have it for the rest of their lives, even though they may not experience any symptoms.

True

What can trigger herpes outbreaks?

All of the above

What is suggested in your text as one of the most useful things people who are sexually active can do to prevent STIs?

Get Tested

Higher knowledge levels about HIV/AIDS are consistently strong predictors of behavior changes and the practice of safer sex among U.S. college students.

False

What is the name for compounds that are applied to the vagina or rectum to protect against STIs and work by providing a physical barrier to keep STIs from reaching certain cells?

Microbicides

According to research from the Centers for Disease Control, over 90% of the time a person's body can clear the HPV virus within two years.

True

If a woman experienced repeat yeast infections, what dietary change would her health care provider possibly recommend?

Eat a cup of yogurt each day

Rates of sexually transmitted infections are higher in bisexual women than lesbians.

True

Latoya has a yellow, foul-smelling discharge and vaginal itching. She may have:

Trichomoniasis

What STI is there currently a vaccine for?

HPV-Genital human papillomavirus

What is the typical time it takes for the average person who is HIV-positive and not receiving any type of treatment to develop AIDS?

8-10 years

What is true about the current rates of gonorrhea?

Rates were decreasing, leveled off for about 10 years and have since been decreasing.

What does the term "autoinoculation" refer to?

Self-infecting a new area of one's body with an existing STI

Where do we find the highest rates of HIV positive in the world?

Sub-Saharan Africa

A person is experiencing "viral shedding" but no other symptoms. What is this person's most likely STI diagnosis?

Herpes and contagious

What is true regarding the use of antiviral drugs, such as acyclovir and valacyclovir, for treatment of herpes?

They shorten the duration of outbreaks and reduce recurrences of future outbreaks

What term is used to refer to whipping a parson as part of a sexual encounter?

Flagellation

What tends to be the primary factor in creating arousal for an exhibitionist?

Lack of consent

An individual was recently raped and finds that they experience fear of being alone, strangers, and even being in their bedroom. What stage of rape trauma is this person likely experiencing?

Acute

Which of the following statements best describes most S&M encounters?

They involve planned out behaviors and no one receives lasting harm

Research finds that people who have psychological or substance abuse problems possess characteristics that predispose them to become rapists.

False

People who are identified as paraphiliacs tend to have a variety of characteristics that make them a very homogenous group.

False

A rape victim recently moved from one apartment to another and got a new job in an attempt to gain some control over her life. What stage of the rape trauma syndrome response is she likely in?

Long-term reorganization

Based on what we know about intimate partner violence, when would be a good time to offer educational programs on intimate partner violence?

All of the above

Asian countries place a high value on respect for women, thus are likely to have less tolerance for rape myths and victim blaming attitudes.

False

Men are more likely to be sexually assaulted by someone they know.

True

Trying to talk to the attacker to make yourself a real person to him or her is suggested as a safe strategy to deal with a sexual attack.

True

What was one of the earliest treatments for paraphilias?

Castration

Most stalking behavior is harmless and will typically end if ignored.

False

Studies show that reports of intimate partner violence are typically an isolated event.

False

Which of the following is true related to the effects of rape and talking to others?

Younger victims are more likely to tell someone than older victims

John Money believed that sexual development can be influenced by childhood sex play. What term did he use to describe the template of the ideal lover and sexual situation people develop based on these patterns of play?

Lovemaps

What does current research suggest related to children's reports of being sexually abused?

They are fairly reliable; about 10% of children's self-reports are false

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a typical voyeur?

The person is a virgin

What theory would ascribe to the thought that an exhibitionist exposes himself to prove his masculinity and evoke a fear response?

Psychoanalytic

The majority of people with paraphilias do not seek treatment.

True

What is a common gender difference found related to attitudes about rape?

All of the above

During therapy, an exhibitionist is asked to imagine what his/her behavior was like from the perspective of the victim. What type of treatment is this person most likely receiving?

Empathy training

Many sexual behaviors previously considered abnormal are considered acceptable in today's society.

True

Gary derives sexual pleasure from rubbing his groin against women in the crowded subway he takes to work each morning. Gary is likely a

Frotteur

What is another name often used to refer to the sadomasochistic subculture?

Kink

Brad is able to maintain an erection and ejaculate during masturbation. Before his breakup with his previous partner, he was also able to maintain an erection and ejaculate during sex. He now has a new partner and has not been able to maintain an erection during sex. What is a more likely cause for his problem?

He may be experiencing performance fears with his new partner or comparing their encounters to his previous partner.

What sexual problem may be one of the first signs of diabetes in men?

Difficulty in getting an erection

What statement is descriptive of men's reactions to abortion?

Men often do not discuss the pregnancy with anyone other than their partner

When were birth control pills approved for use in Japan?

1999

Which of the following was NOT a method of contraception used by ancient Egyptians?

Ingesting natural hormones found in yam roots to prevent ovulation

Which of the following statements regarding spinal cord injuries and sexuality is TRUE?

Prosthesis implantation in men with spinal cord injuries have shown high satisfaction and low complication rates.

Historically people with mental illness have been viewed as fully sexual beings with similar sexual needs to persons without mental illness.

False

Trent has decided to seek treatment because he has never been able to ejaculate through masturbation, even as a young boy. He thought the problem may be due to lack of a partner, but now he has a partner and is still not able to ejaculate. What type of sexual problem would this likely be classified as?

Primary and global

If a woman wanted a longer term contraception that was reversible and contained no hormones, what would be her best choice?

ParaGard IUD

A man who began having problems maintaining an erection six months ago after he told his parents that he was gay is experiencing a primary sexual dysfunction.

False

What hormone is primarily responsible for male sexual desire?

Testosterone

All of the following statements related to alcoholism and sexuality are true EXCEPT:

It increases testosterone levels which lead to hyper-masculinization.

Which sexuality based disorder currently has more treatment options than any other sexual dysfunction?

Erectile disorder

What year was the birth control pill approved as a contraceptive method in the U.S.?

1960

What is a criticism of how the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) classifies sexual dysfunctions?

It is heterosexist

If a sexual problem is classified as primary, it is more likely to have what type of cause?

Biological or physiological

Barrier Methods of contraception work by preventing sperm from entering the uterus.

True

In the 1800s and early 1900s, doctors were the primary ones to provide information about contraception to women and men.

False

What is the closest range of common effectiveness rates for spermicides used alone?

70-80%

If the primary focus of treatment is to reduce the anxiety associated with erectile disorder, what treatment method would be most likely?

Sensate Focus

Extended cycle birth control pills, such as Seasonale or Lybrel, are designed to reduce what?

The number of menstrual cycles experienced in a given year

What factor is associated with the disorder of delayed ejaculation?

All of the above

Provisions such as gestational limits, public funding restrictions, waiting periods and parental notification laws have greatly reduced the number of women seeking abortions.

False

What is a common problem in male patients with cardiovascular problems?

Erectile Dysfunction

How does the EROS clitoral therapy device work to treat sexual arousal and desire disorders?

It increases vaginal lubrication and vasocongestion

What is a common symptom of gonorrhea in men?

Painful or frequent urination

What area of the body can genital warts affect?

All of the above

The HPV vaccine is best when given one year after the onset of sexual activity.

False

People infected with herpes will have it for the rest of their lives, even though they may not experience any symptoms.

True

What is viral load testing used for in people who are HIV positive?

It is measuring the severity of the viral infection by estimating the amount of virus in bodily fluid.

What is the name for compounds that are applied to the vagina or rectum to protect against STIs and work by providing a physical barrier to keep STIs from reaching certain cells?

Microbicides

All of the following statements are true regarding human papillomavirus (HPV) EXCEPT:

Once a person is infected with HPV, it is impossible to get rid of.

It is estimated that one in ______ Americans is infected with herpes type 2 (HSV-2).

Five

What has contributed to the decrease in HIV and AIDS related deaths?

The development of HAART therapy

Which of the following may be treated with antibiotics?

Chlamydia

Higher knowledge levels about HIV/AIDS are consistently strong predictors of behavior changes and the practice of safer sex among U.S. college students.

False

According to research from the Centers for Disease Control, over 90% of the time a person's body can clear the HPV virus within two years.

True

It is estimated that _____ percent of sexually active men and women will get HPV at some point in their lives.

50

Women are at greater risk for long-term complications from STIs.

True

What happened when the first identified cases of HIV were gay men and intravenous drug users?

As many as 1 out of 5 believed that people infected with HIV got what they deserved.

Latoya has a yellow, foul-smelling discharge and vaginal itching. She may have:

Trichomoniasis

How many stages does syphilis progress through?

Three

What happens if syphilis is left untreated?

It could eventually be fatal

It is important to notify your sexual partner as soon as a positive diagnosis for an STI is made except for cases where the STI is not contagious.

False

What is true regarding the use of antiviral drugs, such as acyclovir and valacyclovir, for treatment of herpes?

They shorten the duration of outbreaks and reduce recurrences of future outbreaks.

The majority of people who become infected with genital herpes are infected by someone who:

Doesn't even know they have it.

A person with an STI had a chancre that seemed to heal. A month later the person broke out in a hives-like rash and had flu-like symptoms. What is the most likely STI diagnosis?

Syphilis

"Crabs" is to pubic lice as "clap" is to:

Gonorrhea

What areas of the world have seen the greatest increase in HIV infections?

Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Studies show that sexual harassment education and training are effective ways to reduce these behaviors.

True

According to your text, what are suggested strategies to avoid being raped during an attack?

First try to escape, and then try verbal strategies.

What are current estimations of the percent of married women who are at some point raped by their husbands?

Between 10 - 15%

Based on what we know about intimate partner violence, when would be a good time to offer educational programs on intimate partner violence?

All of the above

A person who occasionally fantasizes about watching other people have sex would likely be classified as a paraphiliac.

False

What term describes a paraphiliac behavior involving recurrent and intense sexual arousal from fantasies or behaviors involving feces?

Scatophagia

Pedophiles who have served time for their offense do not typically re-offend.

False

Women who have been drinking prior to being sexually assaulted are:

Less likely to label the event as rape.

What theory emphasizes the importance of movies, TV, and other media in the development of paraphilias?

Sociological

What types of drug therapy have shown some success with treating paraphilias?

Testosterone-suppressing drugs and antidepressants

People who are identified as paraphiliacs tend to have a variety of characteristics that make them a very homogenous group.

False

After hearing a report of a rape on campus, some friends are talking about it and a few comment that they saw the girl out at the bar earlier in the night flirting with a group of guys and she had been drinking a lot. What theory about rape would this scenario promote?

Victim Percipitation

"Why engage in sexual relations with children?" asked one survey taken of pedophiles. What was the most common response?

Children don't resist.

Which ethnic group is found to have the least levels of empathy for women who have been raped and are more likely to show victim blaming attitudes?

Asian American

According to your text, what was one thing that was found to be effective in both attitudinal and behavioral change in college age males related to rape?

Taking a rape education workshop

Men are more likely to be sexually assaulted by someone they know.

True

What theory might consider the foundation of an adult's fascination with sadomasochism the experience of having an erection while receiving a spanking as a child?

Behavioral

A female born in South Africa has a 50% chance of being raped in her lifetime.

True

According to your text, a possibility for classifying paraphilias could be based on what criteria?

All of the above

Trying to talk to the attacker to make yourself a real person to him or her is suggested as a safe strategy to deal with a sexual attack.

True

What tends to be the primary factor in creating arousal for an exhibitionist?

Lack of consent

What types of treatments have been the most successful with paraphiliacs?

Treatments that create behavioral change

A person derives sexual arousal and gratification simply from looking at naked children. How would this person be classified?

As a pedophile

Upon evaluation, the rapist was determined to be mentally unstable with a history of uncontrollable sexual urges. What theory about rape would this finding promote?

Rapist psychopathology

All people who sexually abuse children are also considered pedophiles.

False

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