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pinch

a hand building technique starting with a ball of clay; inserting you thumbs and pinching the clay to form thin even walls

coil

a hand building technique using rolled out ropes of clay; stacked in layers

slab

a hand bulding technigue made of thin sheets of clay

drape slab

a thin sheet of clay usually around of inside a bowl or plate to form a vessel

molding or modeling

using your hands to shape, bend, add, or remove clay

fire

the process of placing the pots in a kiln and heating to a high temperature that the clay becomes ceramic

kiln

a furnace in which pots are fired

underglaze

a commercially prepared mixture of "ceramic paint". Can be applied to both wet and dry greenware of bisqu ware. Does not run and is a generally true color when applied

bisque fire

purpose of this process is to render the object more durable, while leaving it porous engough to absorb glaze

glaze firing

fuses the glaze to together in combination with the surface of the clay body

gloss glaze

can only be applied to bisque piece, has matt to glosss finish

Impressions

a common techinque that uses pre-molded or found shapes pressind into wet clay to create an inverted image of the mold of the object

Incise

to cut into the clay; such as carving, inlay, Sgraffitto, etc.

Burnishing

to rub with a tool such as a spoon, rock, etc., to smooth or polish the surface of your pot

Sgraffitto

an early form of pottery decoration in which greenware is coated with colored slip of underglazes and then scratch off revealing the color of the clay

Wax resist

a method of decorating pots by appyling wax to the piece and glazing over; this can be done in one or more firing

Inlay

decoration used on greenwar when a design and/ or drawing is incised in the pottery and then filled in with contracting color slip; let dry. sand, and smooth

clay

particles of decomposed rock combied with water; a combination of decomposed rock including silica( sand) and alumina along with various minerals and decomposed matter

slip

made by mixing clay body with water; creates a glue to hold piees together

score

to make a series of shallow grooves in the edges of the clay to joiun two parts securly together

wedge

to work the damp clay witht the palms of the hands against a smooth surface

bat

a disk made out of matt board, paper, plaster, or plastic; used to work on

reclaim clay

clay which is made from bone dry scraps; smashed into powder, put in a bin with water and then put on a plaster bata and wedged into new clay

vessel

a hallow or concave utensil; as a cup, bowl, pitcher, or vase. ( mostly functional pieces)

freestanding

a scupture that stands alone and is visible 360 degrees and not attached to wall or structure

relief

a sculpture which remains attachd/ does not stand alone; has been incises, curved and/or added to.

Plastic

it is when the clay is soft and wet; you can 1) mold it/ shape it 2) paddle it 3) weld pices together(scoring only is nedded) 4) cut is 5) can incise it/ curve

Leatherhard

the stage of drying when the clay is no longer workable by hand; you can 1) can not mold anymore 2) can still paddle (best time) 3) weld by scoring and slipping 4) makes smooth: by sponging and burishing 5) can incise/ curve and scrape

bone dry

dompletely dry, without and moisture at all; you can 1) burnish 2) can scrape 3) can sand 4) can underglaze 5) now you can fire

greenware

clay pots which are airdried, but not yet fired

bisqueware

pieces that have been fired, no longer clay

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